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List of abstracts

1.

Extended Noise Exposure Induce Health Impairment In Machinist At Bandung
Nova Sylviana 1, Krissa Devani2, Detti Fahmiasyari3, Yussi Afriani Dewi 4 , Rudolf Andean 5, Ratna Anggraini 6 Vita M Tawaran7

Abstract
Background: Noise at certain levels at long intervals, will be harmful to health, resulting in auditory and non-auditory impairment. This study is aimed to determine the extended noise exposure induce health impairment in machinist.
Methods: This analytic study was involved 52 machinist there were chosen as samples using non-probability sampling technique with consecutive sampling method, intensity measurement was done using sound level meter on the locomotive. Interviews were done on the subjects about work length and subjective health complaints. The data were analyzed using Chi square to determine the relationship between the two variables.
Results: The noise intensity in the locomotives ranged from 70.9–107.1 dB. The proportion of subjects with work length of <10 years and ≥10 years were 42.9% and 57.1% consecutively. The proportion of hearing loss 2(3,3%) of machinists whose work less than 10 year , 4 (7,7%) of machinists whose work between 10 to 19 years, and 5(9.6% ) of machinist whose works over 10 year, p-value 0.041 (p <0.05). The proportion of subjects with subjective health complaints are communication difficulties (24.5%), temporary tinnitus (36.7%), permanent tinnitus (0%), temporary hearing loss (20.4%), permanent hearing loss (0%), emotional disturbances (6.1%), and hypertension (0%). Statistical analysis between work length and hearing loss showed significant association, but between work length and health complaints showed an unsignificant association (p-value >0.05)

Conclusions: The study results showed that the prolong exposure influence hearing loss occur in machinists but not in subjective health complaints.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


2.

Exercise Prevents Mental Illness
Ketut Indra Purnomo, Komang Hendra Setiawan, IP Adi Wibowo, Made Kurnia Widiastuti Giri

Multiple current studies show that neuroinflammation may contribute to mental illness such as depression, anxiety, and mood disorder. Chronic inflammation in peripheral tissues is indicated by the increase of inflammatory marker like cytokine IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β. Pro-inflammatory cytokine in peripheral tissues can reach brain tissues and activate microglia and it causes neuroinflammation. Activated microglia will produce pro-inflammatory cytokine, ROS, RNS, and tryptophan catabolites. This neuroinflammation can promote metabolism changes of any neurotransmitter, such as serotonin, dopamine, and glutamate, that will influence neurocircuit in the brain including basal ganglia and anterior cingulated cortex. It leads to mental illness. Exercise give contribution to reduce tissue inflamation. When muscle is contracting in an exercise, muscle will produce the secretion of cytokine like IL-6, IL-1ra, and IL-10. It will react as anti-inflamation and influence macrofag, T cell, monosit, protein Toll-Like Receptor (TLR), and then reduce neuroinflammation, characterised by the decrease of pro-inflammatory cytokine and prevent the activation of microglia in the brain. The objective of the present study is to review scientific articles in the literature related to the contribution of exercise to prevent and ease mental illness.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


3.

Fitness and Degenerative Disease Level on Lecturers and Employeesover 45 (A study on the lecturers and non-teaching staffs of Bandung Institute of Technology)
Nia Sri Ramania, Maria Immaculata Iwo, Tommy Apriantono, Kusnaedi

Abstract: Based on the analysis of human daily activities, in general, people rarely do physical activities since there are more works are done by using computers. If this habit is continued without good diet and rest, the person will prone to degenerative diseases. This study aims to do mapping on the level of fitness and degenerative diseases on the lecturers and employees who are over 45. This study employs qualitative descriptive method by utilizing health test through laboratory examination and fitness test from Rockport that is a Walk Test 1.6 kilometres. the participants of this study are the lecturers and the non-teaching staffs of Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) who are over 45 years old. This study is conducted in a sport center of ITB in Bandung 2015. The findings of the study reveal that the lecturers and non-teaching staffs of ITB whose age are over 45 years are prone to have high level of cholesterol and low and very low level of fitness. The detailed descriptions as follow: 60% of the total samples fall within very low level of fitness category, 23% fall within low level of fitness, 14% are in the average level of fitness category, 2% are in good level of fitness, and 1% is in very good level of fitness.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


4.

The Effect of Coconut Water (Cocos nucifera L.) and Isotonic Drink on the Systolic Pressure, Index, and Collagen Level of the Mouse’s Heart-Induced Hypertension
Rini Syafriani (a*), Elin Yulinah Sukandar (a), Tommy Apriantono (a), Joseph Iskendiarso Sigit (a)

This study is to evaluate the effect of coconut water (Cocos nucifera L.) and istonic drink on the changes of the systolic pressure, indexes, and the collagen of the mouse’s heart- induced hypertension. The Galur Wistar male mice are divided into five groups (negative, aquades, coconut water, isotonic drink, and medicine). The mice are induced with NaCl for 14 days. Each group is also treated by giving the examination materials for 28 days without stopping the induction. The systolic pressure is measured by using “tail cuff” every week. At the end of the therapy, the mice were killed to count their hearts indexes and to analyse the collagen level by using"image analysis software imageJ". When each mouse of the groups is induced, the level of the mice’s systolic pressure increase. When they are treated by coconut water dan isotonic drink, their systolic pressure decrease which is not significantly different to the mouse of medicine group.At the end of the treatment, however, there is significant reduction to the mouse of coconut water group (p=0.04) and of the isotonic group (p=0.00) compared to the mouse of the medicine group. When the mice are killed, those of the coconut water, isotonic drink, and medicine groups have lower level of heart indexes and collagen compared to the mouse of aquades. The results of this study show that coconut water (Cocos nucifera L.) is the best in decreasing the level of systolic pressure, preventing the increasing heart index level and hampering the increasing collagen level on hipertension compared to isotonic drink.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


5.

Profil ekspresi Hsp70 pada tikus putih (rattus norvegicus) bunting model preeklampsia setelah pemberian EVOO
Evi Irianti1, Syafruddin ilyas2, Rosidah3, Salomo Hutahaean4

Heat shock protein (Hsp) telah lama diketahui dapat melindungi sel dari stres oksidatif, dalam hal ini pada beberapa kasus preeklampsia ditemukan adanya peningkatan ekspresi. Upaya pencegahan preeklampsia salah satu caranya yaitu dengan pemberian antioksidan seperti Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) atau yang lebih dikenal dengan minyak zaitun (Oleoa europaea) dalam bentuk ekstra virgin dikenal kaya akan kandungan antioksidan yaitu tokoferol (vitamin E). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui ekspresi kadar Hsp70 serum tikus putih bunting model preeklampsia setelah diberikan EVOO. Jenis penelitian ini adalah true experiment, subyek adalah tikus putih betina dara dan jantan dengan galur Sprague Dawley, berumur ± 8-11 minggu, BB 180g s/d 200g, sehat,dan tidak menunjukkan cacat fisik, besar sampel 25 ekor yang terdiri atas 5 kelompok terdiri atas kontrol dan perlakuan yang dibedakan atas P2 (tikus model preeklampsia), P3 (tikus model preeklampsia + EVOO 0.45g/BB/hari), P4 (tikus model preeklampsia+ EVOO 0.9g/BB/hari) dan P5 (tikus model preeklampsia + EVOO 1.8g/BB/hari), penentuan setiap kelompok dengan simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa kadar serum Hsp70 yang diuji dengan Elisa test pada tikus kontrol rata-rata 14.64 mg/ml, kelompok P2: 22.51 mg/ml, P3 :13.62 mg/ml, P4 : 15.92 mg/ml, P5 :16.09 mg/ml. Uji Anova P value 0.001 < 0.005 yang berarti bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan kadar Hsp70 serum pada kelompok tikus bunting kontrol dan perlakuan. Uji LSD diketahui bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan kadar Hsp70 serum kelompok tikus kontrol dengan P2 (P value < 0.001), akan tetapi tidak demikian halnya dengan kelompok P3, P4, P5 tidak signifikan, ada perbedaan yang bermakna kadar Hsp70 serum kelompok P2 dengan P3 (P value 0.000), P4(0.004), P5 (0.000). Pemberian EVOO pada kelompok perlakuan yang diberi EVOO dengan dosis rendah sekalipun ternyata mampu untuk mengontrol induksi kadar Hsp70 serum tidak berlebihan, sehingga proses apoptosis tidak terjadi secara berlebihan khususnya pada model PE. Hsp70 dalam hal ini sebagai anti apoptosis maka disarankan pada penelitian lanjut untuk melihat hubungan Hsp70 dengan indeks apoptosis.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


6.

Effect of red fruit oil on hematological parameters and endurance performance at maximal physical activity
Fajar Apollo Sinaga

Background. Maximal physical activity can produce an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants which is possibly related to fatigue and tissue injury. Red fruit oil contains high betacarotene and tocopherol. This study investigated the effect of red fruit oil on hematological parameters and endurance performance at maximal physical activity.
Methods. This study used pretest-posttest control group design. Thirty athletes are used as samples were divided into two groups. While undergoing the training program, the experimental group consumed the red fruit oil 5 ml every day. After undergoing the training program, all athletes perform maximum physical activity by doing a bleep test. Blood samples were collected before and after the test to measure hematological parameters.
Results. Analysis showed value of Hb concentration, total erythrocyte count and endurance performance was increased significantly (P< 0.05) and total leucocytes count was decreased significantly (P< 0.05) in the intervention group
Conclusion. The results conclude that red fruit oil can affect hematological parameters and increase endurance and delay fatigue induced by maximal physical activity in athletes.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


7.

THE EFFECT OF ENDURANCE AND STRENGHT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM AND NUTRITION EDUCATION TO OBESITY CHILD LIFE SATISFACTION
Dally Nur Arif and Dian Budiana

THE EFFECT OF ENDURANCE AND STRENGHT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM AND NUTRITION EDUCATION TO OBESITY CHILD LIFE SATISFACTION
Dally N. Arif and Dian Budiana
dianbudiana@upi.edu

Abstract.

Obesity is amassive problem to face now, and it have been the most effect to children. Obesity had a big effect to children fisiological and psikological. There are a big problem to quality of life children, exactly on life satisfaction. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of endurance and strenght physical activity program and nutrition education on the improvement of life satisfaction in obesity children. The sample group consisted of 28 obesity children ad SD Al-Muttaqin Tasikmalaya divide to four groups, three intervention group (IG) and control group (CG). The intervention consisted of 12 sessions of physical activity with games and 4 session for nutrition education. The session are three times a week and 60 minutes per session. The result of this study provide that endurance and strenght physical activity program can improve obesity children life satisfaction, actually increas in satisfaction to school aspect.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


8.

Validity and Reliability Test for The Accuracy Test of Forehand and Backhand on Tennis
1. Abdurrohman, S.Pd. 2. Drs. Dudung Hasanudin Cholil 3. Drs. Yadi Sunaryadi, M.Pd. 4. Mona Fiametta Febrianty, M.Pd.

Forehand and backhand is a foundation technique from tennis. Therefore this blow must be controlled by tennis athlete, thats beginner or master. Forehand and backhand is the most often worn in the many tennis match. Many tennis match was won because mistakes of opponents, not because upon privilege of being have accuracy of blow in puts the ball to difficult area from opponent. For to know the accuracy of a blow, so must be held test and measurement. Methode used in this research is descriptive methode. Population of the research is a Yadi Tennis Club-Cirebon athlete as 15 people obtained from purposive sampling technique, because they have specific characteristic which is to control and proficient a forehand and backhand. An instrument used in this study is the groundstroke depth and groundstroke accuracy test. Analysis techniques data in this research is correlational technique. According from data processing and analysis so can be concluted that the accuracy of a forehand and backhand test which is groundstroke accuracy dan groundstroke accuracy test are very high part, because has 0.951 value for validity and 0.909 for reliability tests. Significance test showed t-hitung = 7.86 for validity test and reliabilitas test t-hitung 7.86 is higher than t-tabel = 1.77 with significance standard = 0.05 and dk (n-2). Both of that test show the significant result. Advice from writers relating to the results of this research are following; 1)For the supervisor, tennis athlete and readers to use the instrument or measuring instrument groundstroke depth to the accuracy of a forehand and backhand because has high value of validity dan reliability. 2) Pertaining to research who writers do, should be held further with large sample and deeper study.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


9.

Factors Influencing Women In Pap Smear Uptake
Kurnia Eka Wijayanti

Objective: Pap smear has proven can decrease death caused by cervical cancer. However, in Indonesia, only few woman who already did pap smear. The aim of this study was to investigate women’s knowledge about pap smear cervical cancer, and to investigate factors influence women to do pap smear test.
Methods: Quantitative data colected through questionairre towards 31 women who did pap smear and 55 women who did not do pap smear. Questionairre was made using Health Belief model as a guideline to examine percieved susceptibility, perceived serioussnes, perceived benefits and perceived barriers. Chi square and multiple logistic regresion were used to investigate difference in knowledge and what the most factor that influence women to take pap smear test.
Results: There’s significance knowledge difference betweeen women who did and did not do pap smear. But furthermore, by using Multiple Logistic Regression test, appearantly knowledge was not a strong predictor factor for women to take pap smear test (koefisiensi β= -0,164)
Conclusion: Few respondents get the wrong informations about pap smear, cevical cancer and its symptoms. Respondents who get informations directly from health consultants seem to have bigger chance to do pap smear test.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


10.

THE STANDARDIZATION MODEL DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS FOR EMPLOYEES IN JAMBI PROVINCE
Sukendro

In article 24 of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3 of the Year 2005 about National Sports System, government and private institutions incumbent to hold the coaching and sports development for their employees to increase their health, fitness and excitement as well as the quality and productivity of work in accordance with the conditions of each person. This means that fitness is our responsibility as Indonesian.
The process of aging for each person is different, it cannot be determined when the aging process will exactly begin. Normally, we consider ourselves are getting old since 65 years old, whereas the aging process actually has happened at the age of 30-35 years. Not infrequently, they just turned to 40 years old but they have already looked sluggish, but in the opposite, there are those who have been 65 even 70 years old but still fit and fresh..
As stated by Walter M. Bortz, the changes or setbacks begin to happen along with the life pattern that turns into an inactive lifestyle or someone to move. In addition, Dr Beng Saltin from Sweden held a trial as follows: five young healthy people are required to completely rest in bed for 20 days, and as a result turned out to heart’s maximum capability in pumping blood decreased in 26%, the maximum capability to take oxygen decreased in 27%, and the amount of blood which pumped out of the heart during physical exercise and breathing capacity also descreased in 30%.
The establishment of standardized physical fitness and gymnastics tests special for employees in the form of CD or cassette tape were completed by user guide book for the implementation of 20-30 years old, 31-40 years old, and 51 – 60 years old people for the civil servant and non complex, dinamic, and meaningful with a large sample and place, they are civil servants and non civil servants.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


11.

PERCENTAGE OF BODY FAT AND WEIGHT REDUCTION THROUGH ZUMBA DANCE TRAINING AND HIGH IMPACT AEROBIC
BERLIANA

This paper embarks from the modern technological advancements that have negative impacts on society i.e. the lack of physical activity which resulting in high obesity rates and poor health. Studies have shown that Zumba dance and high impact aerobics as a way to reduce weight and body fat. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of Zumba dance exercise and high impact aerobics to reduce weight and body fat. In addition, this study also aims to evaluate differences in the effect of both forms of exercise on the percentage of body weight and fat. The population of this study is IBAF SMEs and SME woman gymnastics at UPI Bandung. While the sample is 10 women from each group. The research method used is experimentation with pre-test and post-test group design. Data were analyzed by paired t-test using SPSS. The results indicate differences in the Zumba dance workout in weight loss is significant at P < 0.05, (P = 0.010) as well as fat content (P = 0.007). Differences of high impact aerobic exercise on weight loss is also significant at P < 0.05, (0.00) and fat content (0.00). While, the differences of both groups in reducing body weight are not significant (0.334) and fat content (0,146) at P < 0,05. This study concludes a significant difference from Zumba dance training and high impact aerobics in weight loss and there are no significant differences of both groups in improving results. In other words, both methods equally produced significant reductions.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


12.

The Efforts in Reducing the level of Muscles Fatigue through Relaxation Exercises and Ergonomic approach on the Computer Users at Administration Center of State University of Medan (UNIMED)
SYAMSUL GULTOM

This study aims to find out the prevention alternatives of fatigue when using computer in a very long time. The first focuses of this study are to (1) identify the users complaint for using computer for a very long time (2) find out solutions to reduce fatigue on the workers who use computers for too long. This study employs quantitave and qualitative methods. The population of the study is the civil or honorary workers who use computers at the administration center of UNIMED. 49 workers are taken as the samples by using purposive sampling. The inclusion criteria are the computer users in the bureaus of academic and students administration(BAAK), general and financial administration (BAUK), and planning and information system (BAPSI) of UNIMED who use computers over 8 hours a day. In addition, this study analyses the general level of fatigue by using Bourdon Wiersma method. Based on the reasearch findings in BAAK, the mean score of objective fatigue for the speed category after work is quite good(score 8.4, WS 13), for the carefulness after work is uncertain(score 5.3, WS 8), and for constancy after workis uncertain (score 5.5, WS 8). The research findings in BAUK show that the mean score of objective fatigue for the speed after work is quite good(score 8.5, WS 13), the carefulness after work is uncertain (score 5.3, WS -), the constany after work is uncertain(score 5.7, WS 8). The research findings in BAPSI show that the mean score of objective fatigue for the speed after work is quite good(score 8.2, WS 12), the carefulness after work is uncertain(score 5.6, WS 8), the constancy after work is uncertain(score 5, WS -). These results indicate that the the level of fatigue on the workers as computer users in BAAK is high. This is proven by the carefulness0% fall ingood category, 4% are in quite good category, Consistency 13%fall within in good category. The same condition is also found in BAUK that there is a high level of fatigue among the workers in which the carefulness0% fall in good category, the constancy3% fall in good category and 9% fall in quite good category. Meanwhile, the research findings in BAPSI showthat for carefulness 0% falls in good category, 0% is in quite good category and constancy 0% fall ingood category and 0% is in quite good category.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


13.

The Quality of Life of Athletes with Special Needs of Pelatda PON XIX West Java 2016
Sufyar Mujianto (a), Mamad Widya (b), Eka Nugraha (a*), Cep Ubad A (a)

This study aims to find out the quality of the life of athletes with special needs who join PELATDA PON XIX 2016. The study employs descriptive analysis research method. The population of this study are all the people with special needs and the samples are all the atheletes of pelatda PON XIX west java by using total sampling. The data are collected through questionnaire WHOQOL-BREF. Based on the data collection and analysis, it is found that the four domains: physical health, psychology wellness, and social relationship are good. The study reveals that the quality of life of the athletes with special needs who join Pelatda PON XIX is better than the non-athletes.


Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


14.

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BRAIN MOVEMENT EXERCISE AND ANGKLUNG MUSIC THERAPY ON QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG THE ELDERLY WOMEN IN NURSING HOME BANDUNG
Lilis Komariyah, Suci tuty putri, Lisna Anisa Fitriana

Population rate and life expectancy of eldery people is getting increase year by year. The enhancement of current health level and life expectancy provide implications to the number of elderly people in Indonesia. Health professionals, especially geriatric nurses, play an important role in increasing elderly life quality. One of the efforts is by practicing Brain Movement Exercise and Angklung music therapy. The aim of this study was to analysis the effect of brain movement exercise and angklung music therapy on quality of life of elderly. The study design was an experimental pre and post design without control. The subjects were 30 healthy elderly woman age 60-90 years old whom came from a nursing home. The instrument research used was WHOQOL-BREF. Shapiro-Wilk test, Kolmogorov Smirnov, Wilcoxon test were used to analyze the data. The results showed there is significantly difference quality of life women elderly people who given intervention with brain movement exercise and who taken angklung music therapy (p= 0.028). Which is physical health domain (p=0.000), physicology domain (p = 0.000), social relation domain (p = 0.058) and environment domain (0.000. While angklung music therapy can improve elderly womens life quality in physical, psychological, social relationship and environmental domains. Therefore, it is suggested that brain movement exercise and angklung music therapy are implemented in all nursing house units in Indonesia.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


15.

Regulation of thyroid hormone signaling by different training intensity and its correlation with skeletal muscle adaptation in Rat
Ronny Lesmana, Vita Tarawan, Iwan Setiawan, Hanna Goenawan, Toshiharu Iwasaki, Iizuka, Yuni S Pratiwi, Fathul Huda. Juliati, Titing Nurhayati, Nova Sylviana, Leonardo Lubis, Amrosius Purba, Izuki Amano, Noriaki Shimokawa, Noriyuki Koibuchi

Intensity of exercise training plays important role in controling cell metabolism. Aerobic erxercise facilitates oxidative phosphorylation and glycolysis of skeletal muscle. Thyroid hormone (TH) also facilitates such metabolic events. Thus, we studied whether TH signaling pathway is activated by treadmill training. Male adult rats received 30 min/day treadmill training with different exercise intensity for 12 days. Then plasma lactate and thyrotropin (TSH) levels were measured. By lactate levels, rats were divided into stationary control (SC, 0 m/min), sub-LT (15 m/min) and supra lactate threshold (supra-LT; 25 m/min) training groups. Immediately after the last training, the soleus muscles were dissected out to measure TH receptor (TR) mRNA and protein expressions ans ome of the sample were used for ATPase and HE staining. Other rats received intraperitoneal injection of T3, 24 h after the last training and sacrificed 6 h after the injection to measure TH target gene expression. TSH level was suppressed in both sub-LT and supra-LT groups during the exercise. TRβ1 mRNA and protein levels were increased in sub-LT group. Sensitivity to T3 was altered in several TH-target genes by training. Particularly, induction of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase β1 expression by T3 was significantly augmented in sub-LT group. HE results showed that dystropic sign still can be detected in the Day 12. And ATPase fiber staining showed that shifting of fiber proportion clearly observed and day 54.These results indicate that sub-LT training alters TH signaling at least in part by increasing TRβ1 expression. Such TH signaling alteration may contribute metabolic adaptation in skeletal muscle during physical training.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


16.

Quality Nutrient Intake of Table Tennis Athlete in Pariaman City
Wilda Welis

The aimed of this study was to determine quality of nutrient intake of table tennis athletes in Pariaman City. This research was conducted from July to September 2016. The number of subject was 20 table tennis athletes. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire and a food record. The data were analyzed descriptively.
The result showed that the average energy intake of table tennis athlete was 2134 + 231 kcal, average protein intake was 77,6 + 21,1 grams, carbohydrate intake was 370,9 + 49,5 grams and lipid intake was 47,2 + 12,1 grams per day. Average iron intake was 21,0 + 10,5 mg dan vitamin C intake was 85,0 + 42,6 mg per day.
The quality of energy intake reached 76.5% of the daily nutritional requirements, protein intake was 73.7% of the requirement of the athletes, the fat fulfilling 51.8% of the requirement of athletes. The quality of iron intake has reached 139.8% of the requirement, but the quality of vitamin C was 42.5% of the requirement of athletes. This study concluded that the quality of the athletes nutrient intake was not accordance with the daily nutrient requirement of table tennis athletes.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


17.

Anthelmintic Intake on The Nutritional Status, Hemoglobin Content, and Learning Achievement of the Elementary School Student in Sukarami Palembang
Hartati, Silvi Aryanti, S.Y Muherman

The main purpose of this study was to find out the effect of once a year of 400 mg albendazole on the nutritional status and learning achievement of elementary school students in Sukarami Palembang. Methods of this study used quasi experimental research with non -equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. This study was conducted in Palembang, South Sumatera for one year. Samples of this study were 1914 students deriving from a systematic stratified random sampling and divided into 2 groups: 986 students for the treatment samples were given 400 mg albendazole and 928 students for the controlled samples were given placebo. The result of this study found that there was a decrease in the prevalence of worm infection both in the treatment and controlled samples. However the number of infected students in the treatment samples decreased more than the controlled samples and the drugs had a better effect on hookworm. The implication of this research is the drug albendazole worm declared as the most effective drug to treat intestinal worm infections.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


18.

THE DIFFERENCE OF TEST RESULTS ENDURENCE USING BLEEP TEST AND BALKE TEST ON FOOTBALL PLAYERS MAUNG BANDUNG FC
Herdiles; Dudung Hasanudin Cholil; Komarudin

The purpose of this study was to determine which test is more better and suited to the soccer athlete. So that the coach did not originally in giving physical exercise program on the athletes, so that athletes develop in accordance with the portions and the capacity of the physical conditions that exist in athletes. The method used in this research is the method deskripftif. The population involved in this study were twenty people football players of Maung Bandung FC and the sample in this study were 20 people in the population so that the sampling technique using total sampling. The instrument used in this study is the Bleep test and Balke test. Based on the analysis of data, it turns out both these tests give the same effect on endurance football players, but Balke test gives a better effect on the durability of the Bleep test.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


19.

The Need to Develope Nursing Care System in West Java
Yanti Hermayanti ¹, Asih Purwandari W.P.², Tirta Adikusuma Suparto³

ABSTRACT

Health care system at variety of services in west Java used patient center care which focused on medical treatment, whereas the patient needs other intervention to resolve their problems. The aim of this research focus on knowing the nursing care services problems which effect quality of care. This study used mixed method and the techniques to collect data were observation, provides question sheets to be filled and small group discussion. The samples were taken purposively which involve 40 chief of nursing officer from 40 hospitals in west Java. The results shows that only two of forty hospital developed a standard operational procedure for nursing services. Most of them used routine strategy which not related to the patient needs while the services should covered several aspects to meet the patient needs (physical, psychological, social and spiritual). Facilities and infrastructure for the services inadequate. No privacy room for nurses activities. Nurses should done other activities which no related to nursing care. These conditions indicate the need of change and the system of nursing care should be developed based on patient needs.

Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


20.

Factors That Affect Posbindu Performance in Dayeuhkolot Kabupaten Bandung
Tirta Adikusuma Suparto, S.Kep., Ns., M.Kep.¹, Dr. Deni Kurniadi Sunjaya, dr. DESS ², Raini Diah Susanti S.Kp., M.Ng³

Integrated Development Post Program (Posbindu) is one of the facilities which provide a service for the elderly. Aside from healthcare, Posbindu also provides social, religion, education, skill, and other services. These services are needed by the elderly that makes Posbindu existence very important. According to the early researches conducted by the researcher in December 2013 at Posbindu’s Desa Dayeuhkolot, the implementations of Posbindu’s over there were still lacking. This study aimed to explore some issues of Posbindu programs in Desa Dayeuhkolot comprehensively, to identify and explore the influence of the cadres training program related to the ordinances of the knowledge and skills of cadres in group training program and to explore the effects of health education by cadres of Posbindu that have been trained.

The research design used in this research was mixed method approach by using sequential exploration strategy. This research was conducted from February 2014 to January 2015 in 5 Posbindu.

The findings showed that the programs of Posbindu in Desa Dayeuhkolot Kabupaten Bandung still face some problems, they were: 1) Posbindu was not found based on people needs; 2) the lack of budget; 3) the lack of quality and quantity of guidance; 4) the lack of cadres’ knowledge and skills; 5) there was no incentive for cadres; 6) the lack of facilities and infrastructures; 7) the lack of emotional and physical test; 8) the lack of quality and quantity of health training program; 8) the lack of quality and quantity of health counseling ; 9) there was no access for medicine; 10) the complicated system of documentation and report ; 11) there was no elderly exercise in some posbindus; 12) the lack of effectiveness in elderly visitation program;13) the low frequency of elderly visitation; 14) the lack of posbindu contribution to the elderly; 15) the lack of support from the environment.

The result of quantitative research showed that there was a difference in the score between the average knowledge (70,22±8,30 and 86,65±5,50; p=0,000) and skills (55,67±14,62 and 81,33±12,60; p=0,000) of the cadres on pre-test and post-test in the cadres training. This result was consistent with the result of qualitative research that showed that the cadres’ training was really beneficial to increase cadres’ knowledge and skills. The result of qualitative research was also showed that the training about hypertension by Posbindu cadres that have been trained about the subject could increase the elderly knowledge and skills.

Posbindu’s revitalization was one of the interventions to solve the health problem caused by demographic changing. The Key point was to increase the capacity of cadre trough training.


Topic: Health Sciences [HS]


21.

IMPACT OF SOAP OPERA SHOW "SPORTS" GO BMX ON SOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN
Dr. U. Z. MIKDAR, M. Pd.

IMPACT OF SOAP OPERA SHOW "SPORTS" GO BMX ON SOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN

U.Z. Mikdar
Physical, Health and Recreation Education Program
Faculty of Teaching and Education, Palangka Raya University
e-mail: zenalmikdar@gmail.com

Abstract
The purpose of this research is to describe the impact of soap opera show "sport" Go BMX on social behavior of children. The Method of research, this study was included as a descriptive qualitative research in a survey form.

The result of research shows that the impact of Soap Opera show "sport" Go BMX to: (1) development a culture of movement (motor culture) "sport" biking in children that led to the improvement of physical fitness of children. (2) a growing number of children who liked cycling. It gave opportunities on improving the buying and selling bikes; (3) development the values of characters such as cooperative, joy, competitive, spirit, and other social attitude. While other negative impacts were: (a) the Al Quran reading time in the evening or course time was undisturbed, and children sometimes were being lazy for to do that activity; (b) Activities learning at night was disturbed because of fatigue playing bike in the afternoon. Then, the children directly went to bed; (c) children watched immediately the soap opera show Go BMX “sport” through You Tube when they got out of bed or came home from school; and (d) children insisted to buy a new BMX bike.

The implications of research can be carried out (1) for parents are to provide a guidance and mentoring of children in watching time, as well as limiting the playing time for cycling, while (2) for the soap opera show producers or the likes are to make a soap opera show with consideration to the "spirit" of values that can foster the values of education, "Indonesian", even the cultural values of the area and other local wisdom; and (3) it is needed more in-depth study related to a packaging of soap opera show "sport" with a number of variables including the children social behavior change, social, economic and others.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


22.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL CULTURAL BACKGROUND AND SPORT ACHIEVEMENT IN NORTH SUMATERA INDONESIA
Agung Sunarno and R. Syaifullah D. Sihombing

Abstract: The aim of this research was to find out the relationship between social cultural background of people in North Sumatera province in Indonesia (helper, show off, dominate, self-ego, hard worker, independent) in relation to sport achievement. This research used descriptive method by reviewing existing literature. Sample of this research was 1076 athletes from 34 different group of sport that have been participating in National Sport Competition (PON) in years 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016. The result shows that nine different kind of self-defense group has been chosen by 291 athletes such as: fence, wrestling, Judo, Karate, Pencak Silat, Taekwondo, Tarung Drajat, Boxing and Whusu. In contrast, 567 athletes preferred to another kinds of sport than self-defense, 148 for measurable sport, 143 for accuracy sport, and 490 for games sport group. Eventually, self-defense athletes always contribute higher medals in each national sport competition event. In conclusion, the research shows that social-cultural background of people of North Sumatera has significant correlation to the sport achievement.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


23.

The Effect of Social Participation on Elderly Live Satisfaction
Nurlan Kusmaedi, Kuston Sultoni

The purpose of this study is to reveal the effect of social participation on elderly life satisfaction in the aging process. This study employs “expost facto” research method. The design is ‘one parallel static group post-test design’. The independent variable of this study is social participation and the dependent variable is life satisfaction in aging process (healthy aging process). The sample of the study are collected through random sampling thatare 69 elderly people who live in Bandung. The study finds out that there is a significant difference among the four groups (p , 0.05). The more the social fields that are followed, the higher the life satisfaction. This indicates that social participation affects the elderly life satisfaction.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


24.

GRADE POINT AVERAGE BETWEEN STUDENTS WHICH ACTIVE IN THE ORGANIZATION WITH STUDENTS WHICH NOT ACTIVE IN THE ORGANIZATION ON SPORT SCIENCE STUDYING PROGRAM
DM Suwanta, ST Paramitha*

The purpose of this study to determine differences in grade point average of students who actively organize with students who do not organize. The sample used was a graduate student of sports science. The instrument used was secondary data or archive data that already exists. The result of the calculation through SPSS 21 software and statistical analysis of T test (Independent Sample T-Test). Value Grade Point Average (GPA) has a value T count = 2.198 and p = 0.035> 0.05. This indicates that the data obtained significant. meaning that there are significant differences between the value of GPA of students who actively organize with students who do not actively organize. Students are advised to actively organize the student organization or student activity units as it will contribute in increasing GPA students.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


25.

The Model of Quality Evaluation of the Achievement Sport Exercises
Imran Akhmad, Suharjo, Rahma Dewi

This study aims to develop the model of the quality evaluation of achievement sport exercises. The products of this study are (1) the quality document that includes a) quality standard of exercises, b) manual procedure and c) working instructions, (2) the development of the quality evaluation instrument of the achievement sport exercises. This study employes research and development approach that is divided into three phases. The first phases are the analysis of need through achievement sport mapping and sport exercises quality compiling (quality standard, manual procedure, and working instructions). The second phases are developing instrument, the first product of the first instrument document which is conducted by using FGD technique by the achievement sport experts. After the first product of instrument of the quality evaluation of sport exercises is done, the first product trial is conducted in small group. After that, the second product trial is conducted on bigger sample. The third phase is the implementation of the results of the product and evaluation to see the quality of exercises that are done by clubs or achievement sport associations in the development of the sustainable exercises quality. This study concludes that the quality evaluation model of exercises can be used to improve the sustainable quality. The quality evaluation is conducted according to the established quality standard then compared to the actual condition. The evaluation model of sport exercises is used to improve the internal quality culture and to gain external approval.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


26.

INFLUENCE OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF EMPLOYEES SPORTS AND YOUTH DEPARTMENT OF WEST JAVA
DT Aprilianto, ST Paramitha, DK Putra

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of leadership style on employee performance in the Sports and Youth Department of West JavA. The method used is descriptive with quantitative approach. The study sample was 50 employees Sports and Youth Department of West Java. The results showed that leadership style has a positive and significant impact on the performance of employees in the Department of Sports and Youth of West Java with great effect as 98.6%, while the remaining 1.4% is the influence of other variables.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


27.

Sports Activities High Performance Athletes Muslim Women in Indonesia and Malaysia
Mustika Fitri, Kuston Sultoni, Norlena Salamuddin, Mohd Taib Harun

Participation in sports activities was also influenced by sociological factors. This indirectly allows individuals more adaptable in high performance sports compared with individuals who did not engage in sports activities. This study aims to identify high performance sports athletes Muslim women in Indonesia and Malaysia in the sport. The quantitative approach was carried out by the study population consisted of Muslim women athletes Malaysia and Indonesia, which joined The 3rd Islamic Solidarity Games. The study sample consisted of 58 Malaysia and 57 Indonesia. Descriptive analysis also shows that sports activities like Muslim women athletes in the ranking of badminton (Malaysia 46.5% and Indonesia 38.6%), swimming (Malaysia 33.3% and Indonesia 57.9%), sports (Malaysia 27.5% and Indonesia at 22.8%), and balls volleyball (Malaysia and Indonesia 17.2%, 29.8%). The results of this study can serve as a guide for the government to make sports facilities more attractive community of Muslim women.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


28.

DEVELOPMENT OF "SUPERIOR RURAL COMMUNITY MODEL" THROUGH THE INCREASE OF PHYSICAL FITNESS KNOWLEDGE OF RURAL COMMUNITY
Boyke Mulyana, Komarudin, ST Paramitha, Mulyana, Berliana

This research is motivated by the phenomena of the rural community in which to forget physical activity (exercise), even weak knowledge related to the benefits of exercise, even people do not know what the benefits of nutritional value that must be consumed as long as they can eat with all the limitations that exist. Rural communities on the other hand they are rich in motion, due to job mobility and geographical environment that cause them to move, this is what keeps them "survive" in their lives. Thus the condition of the people who know the knowledge and actively do physical activity to make it more productive is a hope which will be formed through a Superior Rural Community Model. It means that people know and be aware of health issues and of the importance of active living culture in life, then that activity will contribute to the improvement of the quality of life that is a prosperous society; a healthy society physically, spiritually, and socially. This research was conducted in the village of Parigi, Karangbenda District, Regency of Pangandaran. The method used in this research is the R & D based on research needs, and to address problems in this study. Therefore, the procedural framework of this study refers to Borg and Gall (Sukmadinata 2005, p.189). The independent variable in this study is the development of a superior model of rural communities. The dependent variable is the knowledge and physical fitness community. The dependent variable in the aspect of knowledge consists of several sub-variables: a) knowledge of fitness, b) knowledge of disease, and c) knowledge of first aid in minor accidents. As for the physical fitness variables consist of: a) the level of physical fitness, b) family nutrition, c) the risk that occurs during exercise, and d) medical examination. The results of this study reject the hypothesis (H0) no effect of superior rural community model to the knowledge of physical fitness ". The reasons for the refusal is based on the criteria of acceptance and rejection of the hypothesis with probability value (p) or Sig. <0.05 and a value of 103 839 t count. It means that there is significant superior rural community model to increase knowledge of physical fitness of rural communities.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


29.

The Role of Sport Event “Traditional Boat Racing Festival” Towards the Development Tourism in Vientiane Capital, LAO. P.D.R.
The Role of Sport Event “Traditional Boat Racing Festival” Towards the Development Tourism in Vientiane Capital, LAO. P.D.R.

Abstract
To date, sport event and tourism are the huge and growing global industry with important economic implications for both. The event and the impact of travel and tourism have related benefits on host destination countries. However, there is a lack of research into what the roles of sport event in tourism development and whether these roles of sport event are from traditional sport consumption. This paper aimed (1) to indicate the important role of sport event (Traditional Boat Racing Festival) in tourism in Vientiane Capital, Laos and (2) to indicate the aspects of activities, people and places that attract visitors to the event of Traditional Boat Racing Festival in Vientiane Capital, Laos. This research is going to be conducted in the form of descriptive and quantitative method. Location of this research carried out the quantitative data from people of Vientiane capital and also visitors including survey and observing during the competition’s days. The benefits of this research: 1. General benefited: to enhance the knowledge of people in Vientiane capital on the importance of other factors and the role of sport event in tourism development. Besides, another benefit is to promote the living cost of people and improve the infrastructures of tourism. 2. Specific benefited: a.) Researcher: This research may broaden the perspective of other researchers in regard to sport event and tourism development. b.) Society:
Society will become more award and inform about benefits of sport event and tourism. c.) Local Government: This research give some information to the local government on how to develop similar program especially in sport event and tourism.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


30.

Evaluation of the Policy of Indonesia National Games (PON) with the Effectiveness of Achievement of the National Goal
Dr. Amung Mamun, Suherman Slamet, M.Pd., Cep Ubad Abdullah M.Pd.

Sporting events in Indonesia are organised by the Indonesian National Sport Committee (Komite Olahraga Nasional Indonesia or KONI). The organisation, along with the Indonesian government have set the Indonesia National Games (PON, Pekan Olahraga Nasional multi-sport events every four years). The participants of this event is the athletes from all provinces of Indonesia with hosting tally are distributed among Indonesian provinces. This study aimed to evaluate the policies that have been formulated and implemented in relation to the implementation of PON to improve the effectiveness of the objective achievement. The method used was the ex post facto, in order to expressing the meaning of the data which involve on the previous PON, since 2000 until 2016. Furthermore, data analysis used were ex post facto following by interview and focus group discussions (FGD) included expert of this environment. Our result indicated that (1) The objective achievement to maintaining the nation unity are still relevant to continued, furthermore this event have elements reconstruction of idealism, governance, and change the content of sports which encourage to enhance quality of national sports coaching system; (2) The objective achievement in order to recruit potential athletes through this event are not relevant because they did not used the good membership recruitment system, controlling the number and type of sport, as well as the dimention time of the event. (3) The objective achievement in order to enhance performance in sports, this event remains relevant because it can stimulate development of sport in many areas, eventhough require further development, particularly with respect of participation, the competition system, and reward system. Effectiveness of objectives achievement on PON requires policy reforms that should be done by the government as the executor an resposible institution of the national sports committee.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


31.

Relationship between Quality of Service and Members Satisfaction of UKM Bolatangan UPI Bandung according to Gender
ALIT RAHMAT

This study aims to find out the relationship between quality of service and members satisfaction of UKM Bolatangan UPI Bandung. It is also to compare the satisfaction level of the male members to the female members of UKM Bolatangan.This study employs descriptive correlational research method by using 50 person as the samples from 150 population of the members of UKM Bolatangan UPI Bandung. The findings reveals that there is an adequately strong relation between the quality of service and satisfaction on the male members of UKM Bolatangan with the coefficient of determination 51.23%. The relation between the quality of service and satisfaction also found on the female members with the coefficient of determination of 35.26% which is also quite strong. Moreover, the differentiation test of the quality of service shows that there is no significant difference of the quality of service on between the male and the female members. The findings of this study can be used as consideration to the improvement of UKM Bolatangan UPI Bandung particularly and other UKM in UPI generally.

Topic: Sociology of Sport [SOS]


32.

EFFECTS OF TRAINING METHOD AND REACTION SPEED TO RECEIVE A SERVICE ON TAKRAW GAME
Sulaiman, Agus Raharjo

This study aims to determine the effect of training methods (block - random and random ) and the reaction speed to receive a service in takraw’s game . This experimental study uses 2 x 2 factorial. The sample of research is 40 junior athletes aged 13-18 years, using purposive sampling from 45 populations. The instruments used in the study are: 1 ) the reaction speed test using the tool in seconds TKK 5408, 2) test to receive a service with a tool made by researcher that the validity = 0.547 and reliability = 0.690. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance technique (ANOVA) two-way, at the significance level α = 0.05 then followed by Tuckey test. The results of the study are as follows: 1) athlete’s skills to receive a service on the group treated with random practice method is better than the group of athletes who were treated with block-random methods of training, 2) group of athletes having a high reaction speed, treated with block-random or random was better than a group having a low reaction rate, 3) There is no interaction effect between training methods and speed of reaction to receiving a service in the takraw game.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


33.

The Contribution of body’s segments to the power of the tennis serve
Yadi Sunaryadi

The purpose of this article is to reveal the contribution of the parts of the body (segments) that acts when generating power of a serve during tennis game. The discussion is based on a literature review, especially those related to the study of the mechanics of serve motion. Some of them are studies that have been conducted by many tennis biomechanics experts used as the main reference by the International Tennis Federation (ITF). Such studies include chain coordination that involves a series of the body segments (legs, hip, trunk, arms, and hands) that acts as a chain coordination where the force is created from one part of the body then transferred to the success of the next link. Optimum coordination (timing) of the segments of the body will facilitate the transfer speed through the body efficiently, moving from one segment of the body to the other body segments. The Speed of previous limbs were added to the next body segment, and finally adds to the speed of the whole. This transfer process lasts until the end of the sequence when the racket is accelerated with the entire amount of extra speed end (Summated speed) in the direction of the ball. Chain coordination is often also called as a system of relationships (kinetic link system)that is the foundation for achieving the optimum technique, when working efficiently will: maximize power, increase control, delay fatigue, and prevent injuries. One study suggests that the contribution of hand, arm and shoulder to the linear velocity of the racquet at the time of impact: rotation of the arm toward the inside (54.2%), hand flexion (31%), flexion and abduction of the upper arm (12, 9%), and a shoulder linear velocity (9.7%), extension of lower arm at the elbow joint is negative (-14.4%), which showed a decrease in forward racquet speed during impact. Another study of the linear velocity of segment and rackets reported that the linear velocity of the hip, elbow, wrist, and the racket during serve increased from proximal to distal until impact.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


34.

The Correlation Between Butterfly Swimming Technique With Motor Ability And Motor Educability
Sriningsih ¹, Nina Sutresna ², Dede Rohmat N ³, Hilda Ilmawati 4

Abstract : The purpose of this research is to find out the correlation between butterfly swimming technique with motor ability and motor educability. The research uses a descriptive method. Data was analysed and the result shows that (1) t = 2.9084 and t table = 2.31​​. Ho : rejected, there was a positive and significant correlation between motor ability and butterfly swimming technique. (2) t = 2.9574 and t table value = 2.31​​. Ho : rejected, there was a positive and significant correlation between motor educability and butterfly swimming technique. (3). From the data processing obtained 5.1531 ( 4.74 so it can be concluded that the hypothesis ( Ho ) is rejected, there was a positive and significant correlation between motor ability and motor educability on butterfly swimming technique.
Based on the results, the research is expected would contribute to sport coach competency. Hence, they can strengthen the athletes potential without ignoring a basic movement skill. It can be concluded that movement skill and motor educability has an important role to study a difficult fundamental skill movement, for instance the ability of butterfly swimming technique.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


35.

ANALYSIS BACKSWING ANGLES, TIME SWING WITH THE RESULTS OF A BLOW LONGSTROKENALYSIS BACKSWING ANGLES, TIME SWING WITH THE RESULTS OF A LONG A STROKE ON A BRANCH SPORTS WOODBALL
MT BILLAH, ST Paramitha*

Woodball is similar to that of sports golf. One of the branches sports still said new in the development of sports in Indonesia. This research outlines of the nature of the problems and discovery that appeared during do research analysis angles backswing and time swing with a blow long-distance sport branch woodball. The study is done at active members woodball indonesia university of education existing pengalam follow sport championship woodball. Methods used is the method descriptive correlation. Technique the sample used is a technique sampling purposive which means technique the determination of sample with certain consideration, according to sugiyono (2011, page 82). An instrument used is the test skills a longstroke sports woodball, video camera and software kinovea. The results of the study by test correlation shows the correlation backswing with longstroke on sports woodball is r = -0,866, p = 0,333 & gt; 0.05, correlation time swing with longstroke is r = -0.737, p = 0.472 & gt; 0.05, so can be concluded there was no correlation welfare between angles backswing, time swing with a longstroke sports woodball.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


36.

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ABDOMINAL MUSCLE STRENGTH AND LEG POWER TOWARDS FLIPPED TIME IN 100 M CRAWL STYLE
R Herdiyansyah, ST Paramitha*

This study aims to identify the correlation between abdominal muscle strength and leg power towards flipped time in 100 m crawl style. This study uses descriptive correlational method. The sample of this study are 10 members of Aquatik BS UPI which are taken by using purposive sampling technique. According to the result of statistics examination with significant value 0.01< 0.05, Ho is rejected, the data can be concluded that there is significant negative relationship in abdominal muscle strength toward flipped time and the significant value 0.000 < 0.05, Ho is rejected, the data can be concluded that there is significant negative correlation of leg power toward flipped time in crawl style. The effects of abdominal muscle strength and leg power toward flipped time is 88.1 %, while the rest is 11.9 % which is effected by other variables.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


37.

Digital Scoresheet Sofware in Basketball
Dicky Nugraha K, Alen Rismayadi and Dadan Mulyana

This research is based on the improvement of modern technology that underutilized well in the field of sports, especially in basketball. In the basketball match all the components is already in digital device, except scoresheet. The objective of this research is to modernizing a device to become the component of the match, which will help facilitate the table official persons to do their job. The respondent of this research is the Indonesian Basketball League (IBL) event, and of course the participants of the event itself. The research methodology is using the research and development method. Software designed and developed according to the needs of research objectives. Whereupon, after the software product finish being designed, then will be conducted the trial of feasibilities and the readiness of the product to be mass produce. The purpose to be achieved of this research is to providing athletes’ data and all of the components that are included in the scoresheet. Based on the field data result, thus, the conclusion of this research is, the digital scoresheet software in basketball, can collect the data and athletes’ information, and also facilitate the table official officer, especially scoresheet officer. This software can run well in accordance with the purpose and working system which has been set and implanted in software. In hoping this software will be used wisely in the basketball match to help and ease the performance of the table official, especially scoresheet officers.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


38.

THE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE RESULT OF A GOALKEEPER’S HALF VOLLEY, DROP KICK, AND FORWARD KICK TECHNIQUE IN A FOOTBALL GAME
Irfan Mulia Badissalam, Kuston Sultoni

This research is brought up from the problems about kicking techniques learned in a football game,especially a goalkeeper’s lofted kick. Goalkeeper’s lofted kick is one of some kicking techniques which is allowed in a football game. There are some kicking techniques, they are half volley, drop kick, and forward kick. The research aims to analyze whether there are any differences between the result of a goalkeeper’s half volley, drop kick, and forward kick. The method utilizedin the research is descriptive comparative. One way anova analysis test is utilized in analyzing the data to get the information regarding the comparison between the result of half volley, drop kick, and forward kick technique. The sample are ten goalkeepers from Sport Science Students of Indonesia University of Education, with random sampling techniques. The instrument is a long-ball kicking test. The result shows that half volley, drop kick, and forward kick have a significance difference in the reached ranged (P < 0.05), it also shows that forward kick is the best kicking technique.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


39.

Development of Speed Measurement System for Pencak Silat Kick Based on Sensor Technology
Nurul Ihsan1,a)Yulkifli2, b)Yohandri2, c)

Abstract. This work develops the speed measurement system for pencak silat kick based on sensor technology. The system operates digitally and made cheaply as well as practical to carry for outdoor measurement. Measurement system can record sequentially speed data of reaction and action of a kick in milliseconds. Two sensors are applied in the system for detecting the movement of the kick consisting of Force sensor and Ultrasonic PING Sensor. The force sensor is used to detect the response kicker after receiving an instruction. Meanwhile, an Ultrasonik PING sensor is used to detect the kickers foot after arriving at the target. The speed measurement system based on the experiment gives good result with the accuracy of the speed of action and the speed of reaction is 99.29 % and 99.33 %, respectively.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


40.

DEVELOPMENT OF " PENCAK SILAT NUSANTARA DANCING " HELD TO MAINTAIN, DEVELOPING AND CULTURAL ASSETS SUSTAINING NATION TO GLOBALIZATION
1Siswantoyo, 2Kuswarsantyo

Pencak Silat is a kind of native Indonesian martial art sport spread from Sabang to Merauke. Pencak silat very closely with local traditional dance. In the perspective of sports tourism, the martial arts dance are very popular and sought after by tourists, but until now there is no martial arts dance that is used for the show to the tourism. This research aims to develop Pencak Silat Nusantara dance. This research included in research & development (Borg and Gall). The sample used for testing small and large groups using student of dance and martial arts students. The results showed that it has arranged a series of motion Pencak Silat Nusantara dance by combining local dance and martial arts movement. There are similarities between dance and martial arts that is catchy, sengguh, ora mingkuh, and there are elements of Wiraga - Wirama - wirasa. The results of research in the form of dance called PSN DANCE (DANCE Pencak Silat). In dance PSN consists dance movement in innovation with resources typical local dance and pencak typical motion based on its characteristics. research in year 1 produces dance PSN nuanced Aceh, West Sumatra / Minang, North Sumatra, West Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. The first years research produced a prototype dance PSN, and in the second year will be validated. besides that it also would arrange dance PSN to be done in groups.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


41.

The Construction Of Agility Test In Badminton
Satriya, Dewa Putra Pratama

The game of badminton agility is one important aspect that should be owned. A badminton athletes should be able to move quickly in different directions in order to return the shuttle-cock. In knowing the agility of an athlete badminton required measuring instrument that moves a specific agility test as in the reality game. The researchers tested the validity and reliability of construction shadow agility test in the sport of badminton. The method used in this research is descriptive method. population in this study was a single young athletes Sampurna club Exist Sumedang, while the samples used in this study consisted of 19 people, using the technique of Jenuh samples. Based on the processing and analysis of data obtained by the validity of the test construction models A (1 reversal) of 0.76, the model A (2 inverse) of 0.91, the model A (3 feedback) of 0.89, model B (1 inverse) of 0.71, model B (2 inverse) of 0.90 and a model B (3 feedback) of 0.88. While the level of reliability of construction agility test models A (1 reversal) of 0.60, the model A (2 inverse) of 0.85, the model A (3 feedback) of 0.86, model B (1 reversal) of 0.61, model B (2 inverse) of 0.85 and a model B (3 feedback) by 0.87. Therefore, the researchers conclude that the construction shadow agility tests showed levels of validity and reliability was good.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


42.

A Case Study of Upper Limb Joint Torques in an Elite Male Tenpin Bowler
Rizal Razman, Jadeera Cheong Phaik Geok

In general, tenpin bowling is not considered to be a highly physical sport and is regarded to present minimal injury risks. The arm swing which is an integral part of delivery was assumed to be gravity driven. This study aimed to investigate whether the bowling arm generated torque, and if so, what is the magnitude at each related joint. A high ranked national male bowler volunteered to participate in the study. To calcu-late torque values at the shoulder, elbow and wrist joint of the bowling arm, kinematic data was derived from 3D motion capture and was combined with measured anthropometric data. A simple planar mathematical model for a three-link kinematic chain of an arm was constructed based on Kane’s vector-based approach method. Results indicated that torque were present at all three joints throughout the swing, dismiss-ing the belief that the arm swing was gravity driven. High peak torque values were found, and comparable to the windmill pitch in softball, possibly indicating a high injury risk in the delivery phase of tenpin bowling.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


43.

A New Method of Measuring Ball Speed through Motion Recorded Based in Game Sport (table tennis)
Agus Rusdiana1 Iman Imanudin2 Badruzaman3 Kuston Sultoni4

Technology advancement particularly in sport cannot be separated from the improvement of learning and performance of athletes in this new era. In accordance with a game sport, table tennis, the player’s performance is influenced by two factors: technical and non-technical factors. Technical factor deals with the technical tools of the game whereas the non-technical factor deals with the player’s humanity (e.g mood and feeling). The speed of ball in table tennis is made by a bat swing and then the ball bounces and hit the table hardly. The speed of ball made by an amateur player must be not the same as a professional. To measure and analysis the performance of the players, therefore, a study of the development of new method in measuring the maximum speed of the ball has been conducted. The new method to measure the ball speed is by a software with an assistance of a digital video camera. The research and development (R&D) research method is used to create a particular new method and to test its effectiveness. Therefore, the R&D method is used in this study because the final result of this study is to create a new method in measuring the ball speed through a software system of motion speed recorded based. The result of this measurement tool will be tested by using bats of different rubber. The bet that is used by an amateur player is different to the bat used by a professional. This is because each bets will affect the quality of the hits. This study also focuses on the analysis of rubber bat characteristics and its effect on ball speed and acceleration on smashing. The type of rubber bat that is investigated is inverted, pimpled out dan hard rubber. The sample of this study is the table tennis athletes of UKM tenis meja UPI Bandung. The data is collected through video analysis by using motion software analysis system which will be developed.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


44.

The Effect of Fatigues Indexes on Mechanical Movement Instep Kickingin Football
Agus Rusdiana1 Iman Imanudin2 Hamidie Ronald3

Fatigue can limit and disrupt player’s decision-making and hamper the player’s cognition during the game. A study reveals that fatigue can significantly lower the ball speed when the player is kicking the ball after being trained (protocol fatigue training). Meanwhile, there is also another study that reveals differently that the ball speed is not significantly changed when the player is playing in simulation match. This study aims to find out comprehensively the level of fatigue on mechanical movement instep kicking. The descriptive quantitative research method is employed in this study. The independent variable is fatigue indexes (normal and maximal) whereas the dependent variables are ball momentum, reaction force, mechanical power, and impulse. The instruments are used are three high resolution video cameras, 3D force platform, and motion analysis software frame dias IV. This study finds out that there is different unsignificant effect of fatigue on the ball speed, ground reaction force, and foot swing speed.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


45.

The Difference of Reaction Speed and Anticipation Accuracy Abilities between the Kata and Kumite Athletes of Karate
Badruzaman, Ramadhonsyah

In Karate, a karateka is required to possess the abilities of anticipation and reaction speed in order to avoid the opponent’s offensive and sudden attack. Therefore, the anticipation accuracy and reaction speed are very necessary for Karate athletes. This study aims to find out which athlete (Kata or Kumite) is better in those abilities. This study also employs descriptive comparative research method with expost facto. 10 athletes of Kata and 10 athletes of Kumite are taken as the samples. Whole body reaction time and speed anticipation test are used as the instrument test. The finding of the study reveals that there is no significant difference of reaction speed ability between the Kata and Kumite athletes. It is shown from the whole body reaction time, in which f = 4.508 and sig. 0.059 . 0.05. Another finding is that there is also no significant difference of anticipation accuracy ability between both athletes that is concluded from the calculation of f = 1.787 and sig. 0.198 > 0.05.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


46.

THE ANALYSIS OF BALL SPEED AND VELOCITY BY USING VARIOUS CHARACTERISTICS OF BAT’S RUBBER IN SMASH OF TABLE TENNIS
Agus Rusdiana1 Iman Imanudin2 Badruzaman3

The advance of technology -especially in sport- is one of the inseparable parts for the advancement of athletes’ learning, performance and achievement in this modern era. Related to table tennis, performance of a player is affected by two factors: technical and non-technical. Technical factor involves the game technical equipment yet non-technical factor is related with the humanity of a player for example mood and feeling. The speed of a ball from bat swing and ball bounce resulted in hard bang. The speed of a ball from an amateur will be different from a professional. It is caused by quality of the technique, physical ability and kind of bat used. From that fact, the research plan by the development of new method of calculating ball maximum speed is one effort we can do to analyze the performance of a table tennis athlete. This new method in calculating ball speed is by making software and helped by digital video camera. Research and Development (R&D) method is used for the research method to produce particular new method and to evaluate its effectiveness. Research and Development (R&D) method is used because the final result of this research will be in the shape of new method in measuring ball speed based on motion speed recorded software system. Result of this measurement development, will be tested by using different bat with different rubber. Bat used by amateur player will be compared by the one used by the professional. This is because the variety of bat does affect the quality of resulted hit. This research focuses on the analysis of characteristic of bat with various rubbers and its effect to ball speed and velocity in smash hit technique. There are three bat rubbers analyzed in this research; inverted bat, pimpled out and hard rubber. The research sample is table tennis athlete from UKM table tennis UPI Bandung. Research data is gained by doing the video analysis using motion software analysis system.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


47.

DEVELOPMENT OF MICROCONTROLLER ARDUINO-BASED INSTRUMENT TO MEASURE 50 METER-FREE STYLE IN SWIMMING
Muhammad Gilang Ramadhan, Badruzaman

This research is aimed to make an instrument to measure software and hardware-based free style swimming speed. Research and Development (R&D) method is used as the research method. Instrument used in this research is microcontroller Arduino UNO-based electronics series. Material used is laser censor radiated to LDR functioned in detecting the hindrance which cut laser ray and cable as connector to transfer data; this instrument consists of four censors injected every 10 meter-distance. The result of swimming speed appearance applied in monitor is made by software visual basic 6.0. This instrument is automatically working when buzzer is pressed and instantly running the timer in the application. The procedure of this instrument is: an athlete is asked to swim as far as 50, as he swims, it will cut the laser ray in every censor then the censor will give signal which stops the timer counting in monitoring application. The participants are 6 advance students of PE year 2015. The result of distance and speed is displayed on monitor application. Output of this instrument result is able to recognize the velocity in every phase. Instrument validity = 0.605 (high) and instrument reliability = 0.833 (very high). It can be concluded that this instrument can be properly used to detect swimmer’s velocity for every swimming distance phase.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


48.

FUNDAMENTAL MOTOR SKILLS OF KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS (A Survey Study of the Influence of Financial Condition, Playing Activity, and Nutritional Status)
Anton Komaini

Fundamental motor skill is still one problem by Kindergarten at Subdistric of Padang. It was seen from preliminary research data 37.92% of Kindergarten students can’t do locomotors movement, non-locomotors and manipulative. Some factors allegedly influence fundamental motor skills were financial condition, playing activity, and nutritional status. The research purpose was to know: a causal relationship between endogenus variable was fundamental motor skills, intervening variable was nutritional status. Two exogenous variables were financial condition and playing activity. The research method was survey method and analyzed by path analysis. Population was all Kindergartens at Subdistric of Padang Utara. Samples were 7 Kindergartens that represent each village. The results concluded that: 1) Financial condition positive directly influenced toward motor skills (py1= 0,22), 2) Playing activities positive directly influenced toward motor skills (py2= 0,374), 3) Nutritional status positive directly influenced toward motor skills (py3= 0,161), 4) Financial condition positive directly influenced toward nutritional status (P31= 0,213), 5) Playing activities positive directly influenced toward nutritional status (P32= 0,171), 6) Financial condition indirectly influenced toward motor skills (ε1=0,752), 7) Playing activities indirectly influenced toward motor skills through nutritional status (ε2=0,943). As effort in improving motor skills of kindergarten students, it needs an attention to dominant factors.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


49.

PEDOSCAN APPLICATION IN DESIGNING ERGONOMIC SHOES FOR PPLP AND PPLM NORTH SUMATRAN ATHLETES
Zulaini, Nurhamida Sari Siregar, Basyaruddin Daulay

The purpose of this research is to design ergonomic insole shoes based on the complaints and Pedoscan recording to PPLP and PPLM athletes in order to support optimum achievement. Experiment method is used as the research method and R&D (research and development) as the design. In this research, pre-test and posttest are conducted with sample number is 20 people (total sampling) without using control. Questionnaire is used as the instrument to identify complaints of the athletes’ feet. In measuring and designing ergonomic insole shoes, Pedoscan is used to record distribution of pressure on foot sole. After knowing the result, shoes insole is modified. Based on the questionnaire, it is recognized that dominant complaints felt by the athletes is the existence of pain in the head of metatarsal when doing the activity, it is from 13 people or 65% from the total percentage. The conclusion is,there is decrease of complaints in athlete’s foot after insole shoes were modified according to Pedoscan recording instrument. It is suggested to trainers and coaches to do the athlete’s foot recording by using Pedoscan instrument to recognize the pressure distribution on athlete’s foot and to design shoes insole regarding the result of the recording.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


50.

PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL TEST MICROCONTROLLER
ST Paramitha

The purpose of this research is the development of a prototype micro controller - based physical tests as well as testing the effectiveness and efficiency of the model results based micro controller development of physical tests on the test sit ups, push ups, and back ups. The method used in this study is a research and development Borg and Gall comprising ten steps. Subjects were students of sport science, Education and Health of Sport Faculty. Indonesia University of Education. The results of this study in the form of products, tools of physical tests based micro controller which has been declared ’valid’ by a expert bio mechanics, expert test and measurement, Expert Software and Expert Hardware with a score of validation experts that is 86% with a very good category and 14% fall into either category. While testing the effectiveness of this model showed increased physical test results by 16%. This indicates that the product is effective.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


51.

Beneficial Health Effect Of Aquarobics (Role Of Adiponectin On Women With Obesity)
Mukarromah Siti Baitul1, Hardhono Susanto2, Wara Kushartanti3, Soegiyanto1, Setya Rahayu1.

Background: The effects of exercise on adiponectin levels have been reported to be variable. Obesity is associated with adipose tissue inflammation and increased risk of infection.The prevalence of obesity increased in premenopausal women both in developed countries and developing countries, including Indonesia. The purpose of the study: to investigate the effect of aquarobics exercise on adiponectin levels in women with obesity. Methods of research: Experimental randomized pretest-posttest control group design performed in twenty four women with obesity (Obese II BMI> 30kg/m2) aged 45-50 years, who were divided into 2 groups, group aquarobic exercise, twice days for 8 weeks (n=12), AE 75%HRmax, and control group (n=12). Percentage of body fat, BMI, adiponectin levels, cortisol, glucose and lipids profile were measured before and after exercise. Data were analyzed using repeated measures and while Pearson’s correlations were performed to identify possible relationship among the assessed variables. Results of the study: the percentage of body fat was higher in aquarobic exercises than control group (6.21+0.98; 0.45+0.49; p<0.05). Decreased of BMI on the aquarobic exercises group compared to controls (1.14+0.73; 0.01+0.01; p<0.05). Increased adiponectin levels were in the aquarobic exercise group (3.27+0.75; 0.07+0.21; p<0.05). There were significant differences for adiponectin between aquarobic exercise and control group. Conclusion: Aquarobic exercise is efective to decreased body weight and and increased adiponectin levels.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


52.

CORRELATION BETWEEN JUMP PERFORMANCES AND PHASES OF SPRINTING IN INDONESIAN SPRINTERS
Ricky Wibowo, Cep Ubad Abdullah

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships jump performances and phases of sprinting in indonesian sprinters. Nine national level male sprinters participated in this study at the competitive phase. The jumping performance including standing broad jump (SBJ), vertical jump (VJ), and standing single leg hop (SSLH). Phase of sprinting determined used 30 metre sprint for acceleration phase (AP) and determined maximal speed (MS) used flying 30 metre test. Normally distributed data were analysed using Pearson’s correlation coefficients. The results show that strong correlation between SBJ and AP (r = -0,691; p=0,039). Moderate correlations were found between VJ and AP (r = -0,565; p = 0,113), and strong correlation between SSLH and AP (r = -0,729; p = 0,026). There are moderate correlation between SBJ and MS (r = 0,420; p = 0,260) and between VJ and MS (r = 0,537; p = 0,136) and strong correlation SSLH and MS (r = 0,720; p = 0,029). Overall the findings of the present study indicated that there are correlation between jumping performance, AP and MS at competitive phase. SSLH showed stronger to predict AP and MS at competitive training phase. There appears to be a relationship between jump performance and phase of sprinting in this population, but more studies with bigger population are needed to confirm these results.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


53.

The Effect of Emotional Intelligence, Training Facilities, Self-Competence and Motivation toward Coaches’ Performance of PPLP West Sumatra Province
Donie

The background of this research is the heightening of competition among the young athletes’ performance in PPLP who need a high quality and performance coach. In order to see the coach’s performance at PPLP of West Sumatra province, it requires a research on the factors that affect the coach’s performance in relation to emotional intelligence, training facilities, self-competence, and motivation.
This study aims at determining empirically the factors that affect the coach’s performance seen from: emotional intelligence, training facilities, self-competence, and motivation. This research used quantitative method by using path analysis approach which used structural equation that is causal dimensions of emotional intelligence (X1), training facilities (X2), self-competence (X3), and motivation (X4) toward the coach’s performance (Y) and causality of emotional intelligence (X1), training facilities (X2), self-competence (X3) toward the coach’s performance (Y) through motivation (X4).
The population of this research is all PPLP coaches of West Sumatra province, totally 33 people from 12 sports are fostered in PPLP. The number of samples in this study were 30 people using probability sampling techniques, that is the technique that provide equal opportunities to every member of the population to be sampled.Data were collected by using questionnaire with Likert scale models that have been tested its validity and reliability. Data were analyzed with path analysis technique moderating variable.
The result of the analysis shows that: (1) there is a direct effect of emotional intelligence toward coaches’ performance, (2) there is a direct effect of training facilities toward coaches’ performance, (3) there is a direct effect of coaches’ self-competence toward their performance, (4) there is a direct effect of coaches’ motivation toward their performance, (5) there is a direct effect of emotional intelligence toward coaches’ motivation, (6) there is a direct effect of the training facilities toward coaches’ motivation, and (7) there is a direct effect of coaches’ self-competence toward their motivation.
It implies that to improve the performance of the coach, it can be done by increasing emotional intelligence, training facilities, competence and motivation.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


54.

CORRELATION BETWEEN JUMP PERFORMANCES AND PHASES OF SPRINTING IN INDONESIAN SPRINTERS
Ricky Wibowo, Cep Ubad Abdullah

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships jump performances and phases of sprinting in indonesian sprinters. Nine national level male sprinters participated in this study at the competitive phase. The jumping performance including standing broad jump (SBJ), vertical jump (VJ), and standing single leg hop (SSLH). Phase of sprinting determined used 30 metre sprint for acceleration phase (AP) and determined maximal speed (MS) used flying 30 metre test. Normally distributed data were analysed using Pearson’s correlation coefficients. The results show that high correlation between SBJ and AP (r = -0,691; p=0.039). Moderate correlations were found between VJ and AP (r = -0,565; p = 0.113), and high correlation between SSLH and AP (r = -0,729; p = 0.026). There are moderate correlation between SBJ and MS (r = 0,420; p = 0.260) and between VJ and MS (r = 0,537; p = 0,136) and high correlation SSLH and MS (r = 0,720; p = 0.029). Overall the findings of the present study indicated that there are correlation between jumping performance, AP and MS at competitive phase. SSLH showed more effective to predict AP and MS at competitive training phase. There appears to be a relationship between jump performance and phase of sprinting in this population, but more studies with bigger population are needed to confirm these results.

Topic: Sport Biomechanics [SBM]


55.

Effect of Diet Zone Modification in Level of Oxidative Stress and Performance of Athletes
Endang Sri Wahjuni

This study aimed to prove that modification of Zone diet can improve the performance of athletes and may reduce levels of oxidative stress in the body of the athlete, especially a sprinting athlete. Used draft "Randomized Control Group Pretest Posttest Design". The 20 sample taken from people who has the criteria for inclusion and exclusion of 30 athletes sprint teenagers PASI East Java. This study used an experimental method and observation. Data collected by result of running measurement technique using finish camera and laboratories to determine activity levels of oxidative stress (MDA) in the blood. Data were analyzed with multivariate techniques (Manova) method Hotellings (T2). Data analysis included descriptive analysis, data normality, homogeneity of variance and analysis Manova form Paired Comparisons Hotellings method (T2). Hypothesis testing using α 0.05. Result and conclusion of the study, that the normal diet had no effect on the variable performance of athletes and level of oxidative stress(MDA). While modification Zone diet can lowering the level of oxidative stress(MDA) minimum 0,0371 μml and an average reduction of level of oxidative stress caused modification Zone diet at least 0,010 μml lower than normal diet but no effect to performance of athletes.

Topic: Sport Medicine [SMD]


56.

THE EFFECT OF SCIENTIFIC APPROACH IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION LEARNING TOWARD CONSENTRATION AND SPATIAL INTELIGENCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MOUNTAINOUS AREA
Beltasar Tarigan (a)

This research is aimed in analyzing effect of scientific approach in physical education learning toward concentration and spatial intelligence of primary school students in mountainous area. Experimental method with control group pre-test and post test design is applied. The population is students of Primary School 1 Cisomang, the sample is 60 students which taken by simple random sampling method. This number is divided into two groups, each 30 students given scientific and conventional approach. Concentration test and spatial intelligence test are conducted. The data is analyzed by independent t test with reliability level 0.05. Result of the research: experimental group applying scientific approach got value t = -3.328, Sig 0,003 since 0,003 less than 0,05, so H1 accepted. Control group applying conventional approach got value t = -14.096, Sig 0,000, since 0,000 is more than 0,05, so H2 rejected. Experimental group got value t = -16.813, Sig 0,000 since 0,000 is less than 0,05so H3 accepted. Control group got value t = -9.542, Sig 0,000 since 0,000 is less than 0,05, so H4 accepted. Concentration Independent Sample t test got value t = 1.288, Sig 0,203, so H5 rejected. Spatial Intelligence independent t test got value t = 2.067, Sig 0,043, thus H6 accepted. It can be concluded that physical education done by applying scientific and conventional approach in mountainous area effects the concentration and spatial intelligence. Scientific approach is as good as conventional approach toward concentration yet effect of scientific approach is better than conventional approach toward spatial intelligence.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


57.

THE EFFECT OF SCIENTIFIC APPROACH IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION LEARNING TOWARD CREATIVITY AND PHYSICAL FITNESS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN COASTAL AREA
Shela Ginanjar (a), Beltasar Tarigan (b)

This research is aimed to achieve empirical evidence on the effect of scientific approach in physical education learning toward creativity and physical fitness of primary school students in coastal area. Experimental method is used in this research, control group pretest and posttest design in particular. Population and sample are 60 students of primary school chosen by simple random sampling technique. Sample then is divided into two groups: each 30 student, applied scientific and conventional approach. This research was conducted in SDN 1 Sumber Cirebon. Creativity and Indonesia Physical Fitness (TKJI) Test were conducted as the instrument in this research. The results are as follows: experimental group with scientific approach applied got value t= -4,925 and Sig. 0.000. Since 0,000 is less than 0,005, so H1 accepted. Control group with conventional approachgotvalue t = -0,181 and Sig.0.858, since 0,858 is more than 0,05so H2 rejected. Experimental groupgot t = -9,686 and Sig is 0,000. Since 0,000 is less than 0,05 so H3 accepted. Control group gotvalue t = -6,321 and Sig 0,000, as 0,000 is less than 0,05 so H4 accepted. The result of Independent Sample t creativity testis value t = -1,658, t table = 1.689, and Sig 0.102, thus H5 rejected. Meanwhile, physical fitnessgot value t = -2.554, t table = 1.689, and Sig 0,013, thus H6 accepted. It can be concluded that physical education applying scientific approach in the coastal area affects to both creativity and physical fitness, while conventional approach does not affect the creativity yet it effects on physical fitness. Effect of scientific approach is as good as conventional approach toward creativity, yet effect of scientific approach is better than conventional approach toward physical fitness.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


58.

DIFFERENCES OF INFLUENCE CONTINUOUS TRAINING AND INTERVAL TRAINING OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, ERYTHROCYTE MEMBRANE RESISTANCE AND CAPABILITIES 2.4 KM RUN
Moch. Yunus

This study aimed to assess the differences of influence continuous training and interval training to the increase in antioxidant activity, the increase in erythrocyte membrane resistance and the ability to run 2.4 km.
This study design was randomized group pretest and posttest design. The population in this study were students majoring in PKO FIK UM, Technics sampling using sample purpusive aiming with a sample size of 20 people
This type of research is a quasi experiment , with a quantitative approach. Data collected by measurement techniques blood samples and physical by using a test that is: SOD activity of blood plasma as an indicator of antioxidant activity, fragility Osmotic erythrocytes as an indicator of resistance erythrocyte membranes, a travel time to run 2.4 km as an indicator of ability to run 2.4 km.
The data were analyzed by using MANOVA . It can be concluded that interval training and continuous training increase antioxidant activity, increase the resistance of erythrocyte membranes, and increase ability to run 2.4 km. There was no significant difference between interval training and continuous training of the dependent variables mentioned above.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


59.

Analysis Of Stroke-Rate Performance Of National Swimmers In Indonesia National Games (PON) Riau 2012
Dikdik Zafar Sidik1* , Luky Afari2

Abstract. Stroke-rate performance in swimming can be used to help analyze the strengths and weaknesses of swimmers. This objective feedback can help the performer and their coaches or managers. The aim of this study was to analyze stroke-rate performance of national swimmers who had competed in Indonesia Nasional Games (PON) Riau 2012. The sample comprised 61 swimmers (34 female and 27 male national athlete) who competed 119 events. The normal distribution of the data was verified by the test of Kolmogorov-Smirnov (p≤0.05). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the values of the performance indexes, concerning stroke-rate. The results show significant statistical differences for stroke-rate performance indexes (p≤0.05) Also, it confirms that most of female & male swimmers had better stroke-rate performance indexes at “10m 2nd” (for 50 & 100 meter) and “25m 2nd” (for 200 meter). And that the lowest stroke-rate performance index at “10m 4th”, for all groups. It is also reasonable to conclude that all national swimmer who had competed in Indonesia National Games (PON) Riau 2012 showed had problem with power-endurance, because it cannot maintain stability of stroke-rate in performance at any distance. This authors concluded that the stroke-rate performance in swimming can be used to help analyze the strength and weakness of swimmers when training and competition. This investigation, provide important information for evaluating the evolution of elite Indonesia swimmers performance.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


60.

The Impact of Tabata Protocol to Increasing the Anaerobic and Aerobic Capacity
Asep Sumpena1, Dikdik Zafar Sidik2*

Abstract. Tabata protocol is one of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) models whose time is relatively short yet intensity is high, which is followed by a recovery that is relatively short compared to the time execution. There is an appearing problem on how large the impact of the model to the dynamic aerobic and anaerobic capabilities. Thus, this study tries to investigate the model’s impact to both capabilities. To do so, this study employs experimental method using one group pre-test post-test design. In implementing the research, this study conducts a pre-test followed by training treated by Tabata protocol and finally has a post-test. This study uses correlation and determination test to analyse the data on how large the impact of Tabata protocol to the dynamic aerobic and anaerobic capabilities. Having analysed the data, the study proves that there is a positive correlation between the pre-test and post-test results which means that there is significant influence on the improvement of the capabilities using the model proposed. In the meantime, other factors influencing the improvement of both capabilities are assumed low. The results of the study imply that in physical training, the method chosen needs to adjust the physical components and physiological law of the training so that maximum implementation can be reached.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


61.

Myocardial Pathological Changes In Overtraining Exercise
Made Kurnia Widiastuti Giri, Herka Maya Jatmika, Komang Hendra Setiawan, Ketut Indra Purnomo, IP Adi Wibowo,Muchsin Doewes

Myocardial Pathological Changes In Overtraining Exercise

Made Kurnia Widiastuti Giri1,2
Herka Maya Jatmika3
Komang Hendra Setiawan 1,2
Ketut Indra Purnomo1,2
IP Adi Wibowo 1,2
Muchsin Doewes2
Ganesha University Of Education, Buleleng, Indonesia
Doctorate Program Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia
Yogyakarta state university
Email :drnia82@gmail.com

Excessive training practices withot sufficient recovery period ( overtraining ) may be influential to promote myocardial injury. The aim of this study was To tested the hypothesis that overtraining exercise caused myocardial changes within histopathobiological analysis in rats. This In this study, male wistar rats (n= 16) underwent ten weeks of overtraining weeks. Rats were divided into 2 groups: 1) controls (swam 1 h/day, 5 days/week) and 2) overtrained rats that in 10th week swam twice a day for 1 hour. After sacrificing, the hearts excised for pathological preparation slides. There was significant difference in morfologic histopathological slides between groups. Compared to controlled groups, there was histopathological analysis showed incerased chromatin activity fragmentation of myocardial structure in the overtrained group. Hypertrophic of left ventricle also higher in overtrained groups than control. Necrotic bodies spread in left ventricles myocardium of overtrained groups and there were not found in controlled group. The results of study add evidence about negative effects of overtraining on myocardium. Furthermore, this study shows that avoiding overtraining should be an important attention and also an efforts to protect that myocardial injury needed an extended investigations.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


62.

Effect of Astaxanthin and Regular Training on Dynamic Pattern Of Oxidative Stress On Male Under Strenuous Exercise
Nova Sylviana(a*), Hanna Gunawan(a), Ronny Lesmana(a), Ambrosius Purba(a), Ieva Akbar(b)

Strenuous physical activity will induced higher Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) level in human body that can be measured by serum Malondialdehyde (MDA) level. Malondialdehyde is product of lipid peroxidation process that define as oxidative damage of lipid biomolecule by reactivity of reactive oxygen species. Still, the dynamic pattern of Malondialdehyde (MDA) level under strenuous exercise is not fully understood. Potent antioxidant such as Astaxanthin and training may be altered the level of MDA. Thus, purpose of this study is to understand effect of Astaxanthin to MDA dynamic pattern on training male after strenuous physical activity.
It was a double blind, experimental study, conducted on thirty untrained and trained young males. Supplement Astaxanthin was given half of each group for one week as well as placebo. After supplementation, subjects were tested with anaerobic strenuous physical activity. The values were analyzed with ANOVA test followed by Duncan test showed that in every groups, mean of MDA before test was similar, start increase significantly at 6th hour post test and back to baseline at 24th hour post test ( p<0.05), except for group of untrained male with plasebo still increase twice from baseline on 24th hour. The lowest mean of MDA was found on group of trained male with Astaxanthin supplementation and the highest was found on group of untrained male with placebo (p<0.05).
These findings support that Astaxanthin and training might has positive effect to oxidative stress condition without altered its dynamic pattern in male after strenuous physical activity

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


63.

Comparison of Blood Oxytocin Level and Progress of Labour among Pregnant Women based on Routine Aerobic Excercise
Ginandjar AB, Irianti S, Krisnadi SR

Obstetrical management has turned into active management currently. Aerobic exercise has already been performed by pregnant women and recommended by ACOG. It has been known to have many benefits for labor progress and the decrease of cesarean and assisted vaginal delivary rate. This might be caused by the increase of endogenous oxytocin level.
This is an experimental study involving 40 patients in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Awi Bitung Islamic Hospital and Kota Bandung District Hospital whom met the inclusion criteria and divided into 2 groups: a group that performed aerobic exercise regularly and the other who did not. The characteristic of the subject { age, gestational age and body birth weight} showed no significant difference between two groups p=0,905(>0,05) .
Between two group,there were significant association no mode of delivery (p=0,020), and lenght of active phase of labor.(p<0=0,001) and the presentage of plasma oxytocin level (80,2% vs 13,2$, p<0,05) there were no significant association between two group in duration of first stage, second stage and oxytocin level with the length of aerobic exercises.
This study concluded that regular aerobic exercise in pregnant woman increase oxytocin level and improve labor progress.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


64.

Correlation between the Anaerobic Capacity, Maximum Oxygen Uptake and Leg Muscle Explosive Power with printers
Roesdiyanto

This study is aimed to find out the correlation between the anaerobic capacities, maximum oxygen uptake and leg muscle explosive power with sprinters (VO2Max) towards the athletes’ performance in sprinters. The study was carried out at PIO-KONI Jakarta, with 48 athletes selected randomly. The study shows that there is positive correlation between (1) Anaerobic capacity (X1) and the athletes’ performance in the sprinters, with regression regresion ŷ = 23.196 + 0.53 X1 and ry.1=0.53, (2) Maximum oxygen uptake (VO2Max) (X2) and the athletes’ performance In the sprinters, with regression ŷ = 28.163 + 0.43X2 and ry.2 = 0.43, (3) leg explosive power (X3) and the athletes’ performance in the sprinters, with regression ŷ = 32,856 + 0.34 X3 and ry.3 = 0.34, (4) There is positive correlation between anaerobic capacity, the maximum oxygen uptake (VO2Max) and leg explosive power simultaneously with the athlete’s performance in sprinters with multiple regression ŷ =- 4.2057+ 0.38X1 + 0.33X2+ 0.37 X3 and Ry.123 = 0.683

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


65.

EFFECT OF CYCLING 20 MINUTES OF BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS IN MALE STUDENTS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 9 TANGERANG 2015
Erdani Harimurti Azhar (a), Arie Saminarto Sutopo (b)

Blood sugar levels is very important as an indicator of measurement associated with diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes that occurs during adolescence in Indonesia has increased, so it is important to maintain health condition to controlling blood sugar levels in the body since adolescence. Aerobic physical activity such as cycling can regulate and control blood sugar levels because it makes glucose as the body's main energy source. This study aims to determine the effect of cycling for 20 minutes on blood sugar levels in male students of senior high school 9 Tangerang. This study design was quasi-experimental one group pre-test and post-test. The sample were 21 respondents selected by purposive sampling. Intervention was given by cycling for 20 minutes at speed approximately 25km/h. 2 hours before intervention was given, all respondents have breakfast together with the same menu. Measurement of blood sugar levels done before and after intervention. The results showed that cycling for 20 minutes affect changes in blood sugar levels significantly (p=0.000). The average reduction in blood sugar levels after the intervention is 25.0 mg / dl. Cycling for 20 minutes if done regularly can help keep blood sugar levels in the normal rate.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


66.

The Effect of 8 Weeks Reactive Agility Training in Increasing Agility and Speed
Nining Widyah Kusnanik, Wahyu Eko Widiyanto, Edy Mintarto, Gumilar Mulya

The purpose of this study was to analyze differences effect of Reactive Agility Training (RAT) using lateral mirror drill and sprint mirror drill in increasing agility and speed. Type of this research was quantitative with quasi experiment method. Population of this study was 175 students of Banyuwangi University, then samples were chosen 36 students using purposive sampling technique, and divided into 3 groups with 12 students each groups using ordinal pairing system. Group 1 was given RAT treatment using lateral mirror drill, group 2 using sprint mirror drill, and group 3 was given conventional training. Instruments of this research were T-test for agility and 30m sprint test for speed. Data was analyzed using paired sample t-test with α= 0,05, and multivariate analysis of variance with significant level of 5% using SPSS program 20. Result of this study was found that there was a significant effect of RAT using lateral mirror drill in increasing agility and speed p<0.05; there was a significant effect of RAT using sprint mirror drill to improve speed and agility p<0.05; there was difference effect of RAT using lateral mirror drill and sprint mirror drill in improving agility and speed p<0.05. Conclusion of this study: there was a significant effect of reactive agility using lateral mirror drill and sprint mirror drill in increasing agility and speed. Sprint mirror drill was more effective than lateral mirror drill and conventional training in increasing agility and speed.Implication: these types of training can be applied to athletes who want to improve their speed and agility.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


67.

Fermented grain beverage supplementation following exercise promotes glycogen supercompensation in rodent skeletal muscle and liver
Tsubasa Shibaguchi (a*), Rie Ishizawa (a,b), Atsushi Tsuji (d), Yuya Yamazaki (d), Keizo Matsui (e), Kazumi Masuda (a,c)

Growing evidence has demonstrated that post-exercise co-ingestion of carbohydrate and amino acid facilitates glycogen supercompensation in skeletal muscle when compared with the ingestion of carbohydrate alone. We have recently developed a new fermented grain beverage (FGE), which contains rich carbohydrates, amino acids, citric acid, and so on, but its bioactivity remains unknown. Therefore, this study was to investigate the effects of FGE supplementation after endurance exercise on post-exercise glycogen level in rat skeletal muscle and liver. Twelve-hour fasted male Wistar rats, 10-week-old, performed five 30-min bouts of swimming separated by 5-min rest periods in order to deplete tissue glycogen storage. The rats were orally administrated either placebo, glucose, or FGE solution 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after the exercise. Immediately and/or 240 min after the exercise, soleus muscle and liver were removed and analyzed. Soleus muscle glycogen levels were markedly decreased immediately after the swimming. Then, a large glycogen accumulation was observed in soleus and liver at 240 min after the exercise when either glucose or FGE were ingested. This response tended to be greater in FGE-treated than in glucose-treated animals. These results suggest that FGE supplementation after endurance exercise enhances glycogen reaccumulation in both skeletal muscle and liver.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


68.

THE ROLE OF KINESTHETIC PERCEPTION IN SUPPORTING THE ACQUISITION OF SKILLS IN SPORTS GAMES.
Yudy Hendrayana


Success in sports performance depends on how effectively the perpetrators detect, find and use relevant sensory information. Often, the winner of a game is the most rapidly detect a pattern of action on your opponent. The sources of sensory information are eksteroceptive and proprioceptive. The organs of eksteroceptive informationis is eksteroceptor which rooted in two things: vision and hearing. While Resources is proprioceptor include proprioceptive sensory receptor specifically in muscles, tendons, joints and vestibular apparatus (which is part of the central auditory / maze). Proprioceptor called kinesthetic perception or kinesthetic senses, which means the sensory input that occurs in the body that serves as feeling responsible for the correctness of a movement. This study aims to determine the role of kinesthetic perception in supporting the acquisition of skill in sport game. The research method used was survey with correlation technique. Population and Sample are players early ages 12 to 13 Years of 40 people. Based on the results of data processing correlation coefficient of 0.77 and a coefficient of determination (R) of 0.60. It can be concluded that there is a contribution of 60% kinesthetic perception towards sports game.
Keywords: Perception Kinesthetic, Sports Games

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


69.

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) OF “X” PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN TERM 2014/2015 IN BANDUNG
Steven Juanda, Grace Puspasari, Cindra Paskaria

(Aim) The aim of this study was to attain nutritional status and physical activity level of “X” primary school children term 2014/2015 in Bandung, and its correlation.

(Methods) The design of this study was a non-experimental analysis with cross-sectional method using modified Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) that had been translated to Bahasa Indonesia and given to 182 primary school children after obtaining their BMI. Data collected was analyzed using Pearson correlation test by α = 0.05.

(Result) Nutritional status statistics obtained from the children in “X” primary school Bandung term 2014/2015 consist of severely underweight (1.1%), underweight (6.6%), normal (84.1%), overweight (7.7%), and obesity (0.5%). Children in “X” primary school Bandung term 2014/2015 had done lack amount of physical activity (37.92%), adequate amount of physical activity (59.89%), and excessive amount of physical activity (2.19%). Correlation test showed that children’s BMI was associated to physical activity (Pearson correlation = -0.121; p value = 0.047*; α = 0.05).

(Implication) The majority of children in “X” primary school Bandung term 2014/2015 had normal nutritional status and had done adequate physical activity. The amount of physical activity done by the children was correlated to their BMI inversely.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


70.

NARCOTICS MISUSE VICTIMS: IS PHYSICAL EXERCISE FOR THEIR FITNESS NEEDED
Beltasar Tarigan (a)

This research is purposed to find out whether physical exercise needed to improve physical fitness of narcotics misuse victims in Social Rehabilitation Center Pamardi Putera West Java Province. Survey method and field test were applied in this research. Population is all members of rehabilitation in BRSPP and the sampling technique used in this research was purposive sampling. Indonesia Physical Fitness Test (TKJI) was used as the instrument. The result of the research showed that level of narcotics misuse victims’ physical fitness is in ‘low’ category so that regular and measurable physical activity is needed in developing their physical fitness.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


71.

Curcumin Potentially to Increase Athlete Performance Through Regulated Mitochondrial Biogenesis
Ronald D Ray Hamidie (a,b*), Kazumi Masuda (b)

The skeletal muscle is one of the largest organ in the body, and it has great adaptive potential in response to physiological stressor. A marked example of muscle adaptations occurs in the mitochondria following exercise training. Endurance training has potential to enhance metabolic characteristics in the skeletal muscle, including mitochondrial biogenesis and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4). Several polyphenol have been shown to activate cAMP, therefore, currently being intensively investigated as potential inducer of mitochondrial biogenesis through the deacetylation-medited activation of PGC-1α. The polyphenol curcumin are components of curcuma longa L, have ability to regulated mitochondria biogenesis on skeletal muscle will review in this chapter. The examination the effect of combination of endurance training and curcumin treatment to increase mitochondrial biogenesis seem look like through AMPK, SIRT1and PGC-1α pathway. Furthermore, in this review we also explained the direct target how curcumin treatment increase mitochondrial biogenesis. We focus on the second messenger cAMP which involve to regulated mitochondrial biogenesis. Indeed, previous study indicated that cAMP be the important target on endurance exercise training to increase mitochondrial biogenesis. The last, the current review determined how curcumin have ability to increase mitochondrial biogenesis on skeletal muscle with examine phosphorylation of PDE4A which involve to convert cAMP to AMP. Based on our previous experiments we conclude that indeed curcumin treatment have ability to increase performance through regulated mitochondria biogenesis on skeletal muscle.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


72.

CONNECTING THE POWER MUSCLE ARMS, STOMACH MUSCLE STRENGTH AND JOINTS SPINE FLEXIBILITY OF SERVICING SLICE TO ATHLETE TENNIS STUDENT ACTIVITY UNIT AT THE UNIVERSITY HALUOLEO
LA SAWALI

The purpose of this study is 1). To determine the relationship of the arm muscle strength for the accuracy servicing slice, 2. To determine the relationship of abdominal muscle strength to the accuracy of servicing slice, 3. To determine the relationship of the joint spine flexibility as to the accuracy servicing slice. And 4. To determine the relationship of the arm muscle strength, abdominal muscle strength and joint spine flexibility with a servicing slice. The samples used were 33 athlete tennis student activity unit. Results of data analysis obtained correlation coefficient (rx1y) of 0.679> rtabel = 0.344, correlation coefficient (rx2y) of 0.497> rtabel = 0.344, correlation coefficient (rx3y) of 0.583> rtabel = 0.344 and the correlation coefficient (rx3y) of 0.777 and the results multiple correlation coefficient significance test using the F test obtained F count = 14.694 with a significance of 0.000 <0.05. From these results can be interpreted that: 1) There is a significant relationship to the accuracy of the arm muscle strength servicing slice, 2) There is a significant relationship abdominal muscle strength to the accuracy of servicing slice, 3) There is a significant relationship joint spine flexibility as to the accuracy servicing slice, and 4) There is a significant correlation between the strength of the arm muscles, abdominal muscle strength and joint spine flexibility to servicing slice. Recommendations that tennis athletes in the Student Activity Unit at Haluoleo university, expected to do strength training the arm muscles, the abdominal muscles and joints spine flexibility according to the needs exercise in an effort to improve the speed of service slice.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


73.

THE EFFECT OF EXERCISE MODELS BY SPRINT AND JUMP TOWARD THE INCREASE OF LOCOMOTORS BASIC MOVEMENT OF THE THIRD GRADE STUDENTS WITH MENTAL RETARDATION AT THE INCLUSIVE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (SDLB) IN KEDUNG KANDANG MALANG
Slamet Raharjo,Davit Eko Saputro

The effect of exercise models by sprint and jump toward the increase of locomotors basic movement of the third grade students with mental retardation at the Inclusive Elementary School (SDLB) in Kedung Kandang Malang. A research that aims to determine the type of training given game against the increase in the basic locomotor movements in particular retarded children run and jump motion. This study is an experimental research using the method of single subject research (SSR). To get a valid result the researchers used the instrument test run of 40 m and a vertical jump is a special children with mental retardation

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


74.

Development of PE Learning Media Based on Anthropometrics Mapping for SMP Student in West Java
Eka Nugraha(a*), Helmy Firmansyah(a), Sufyar Mujianto(a), and Dian Budiana(a)

Abstract. The use of formal sports media tools always pose problems for students in teaching and learning physical education (PE). The research goal on the first year is to do the mapping anthropometrics for Junior High School (SMP) students in West Java as well as the suitability of the use of formal sports media on learning PE based on 2013 curriculum. The research method used in this study is analytical description. The data were collected through documentation and survey. The instruments were anthropometrics data of SMP students and interviews with PE teachers. The results show that the use of formal sports tools at learning PE does not match the learning outcome of students as well as anthropometrics mapping rules of ergonomics. The use of less formal sports tools is in accordance with the mapping anthropometrics. Designed learning media PE is needed specifically in accordance with the rules of ergonomics, which is safe, comfortable, interesting, and in harmony with physical or psychological development for SMP students in West Java, Indonesia.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


75.

OPTIMALIZATION OF MEMORY CAPACITY THROUGH THE GRANTING OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TYPE WITH LEVEL OF INTENSITY LOW AND MEDIUM
Agus Mulyana¹´², Adang Suherman¹, Yudy Hendrayana¹, Indra Adi Budiman²

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the type of physical activity with low and medium intensity level of the ability of memory (short and long term memory). Physical activity is provided in the form of physical activity a variety of physical activities that are categorized as serial skill and similar activities that are categorized as skill kontinus.The research method uses Experiment with 2X2 factorial design. The samples were junior high school students who are not involved in sports activities in school or in a club. The sampling technique using Twostage/ Multystage-Random Sampling. These samples included 80 students divided into four groups provided treatments for 30 meetings. The instrument used is the letter test, Word test and Formative test.The results showed that physical activity diverse group in particular that of moderate intensity have average scores better than the other groups. There is an interaction between the type and level of intensity of physical activity on the ability of long-term memory only.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


76.

COMPARISON OF TOTAL BURNED CALORIES AND HEART RATE AT VARIOUS POSITION IN FUTSAL (Anchor, Flank and Pivot)
Asep Purnama (a), Ronald D Ray Hamidie (a,b*)

Background: This study begins with the problems that futsal is a sport where the movement of all players are dynamic and constantly rotated, however in futsal there are some positions that have different characteristics. This conditions correlation with the possibility to presence of a significant proportion of burned calories and heart rate. The hypothesis of total burned calories and heart rate at various positions in futsal was still unproven. This research aims to know whether there is any comparison of burned calories and heart rate at various positions in futsal.
Methods: This research used causal comparative method, because this research compares dependent variables with independent variable as a comparison. Samples of this study were 8 people. This study used purposive sampling techniques. The instrument which used in this study was Polar RC3 that can be used to record the burned calories and heart rate.
Results: The results obtained were processed with statistical test anova using SPSS Software 21. From the analysis of burned calories, the result was F = 0.348, p = 0.722 > 0.05 then Ho is accepted, meaning that there are no significant proportion of burned calories at various positions in futsal. From the data analysis, the result obtained that heart rate F = 0.541, p = 0.613 > 0.05 then Ho is accepted, meaning that there are no significant heart rate comparisons at various positions in futsal.
Conclusion: This recent study indicated that not siginificant correlation between burned of calorie and heart rate with position on futsal game.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


77.

THE EFFECT OF TURMERIC CONSUMPTION TO VO2MAX AND LACTATE THRESHOLD
Rizki Hazazi Ali (a), Ronald D Ray Hamidie (a,b*)

Background: Ergogenic aids is any substance or phenomenon that allow to enhance sport performance. Despite the list of possible ergogenic aids are much, it ain’t always considered as safe and legally utilize. It’s anticipated by making use of natural food as an ergogenic aids. Spices are the one of many kind of natural foods which has been thoughtfully considered as an ergogenic aids and the one is turmeric. Turmeric is a horticurtural plant which contains curcumin and it’s valuable to our body. The aim of this study is to figure out the effect of turmeric consumption which combined with aerobic training to VO2Max and Lactate Threshold.
Method:12 students (19,7±0,45) of Sport Science major batch 2014 became the participants in this study. True experimental study was used as the research method by using 2x2 crossover design as the design for this study. This study was divided into 2 periods, each period was completed in 2 weeks. This study was applied 4-weeks-wash-out-phase in order to avoid the carry out effect from previous period. Turmeric was orally consumed in the dose of 2 capsules (@ 550 mg) per day during the treatment period. Cosmed T150 treadmill with gas analysis method was utilized as the instrument to obtain the data.
Results: This study revealed the different mean value between before and after treatment for VO2Max is p=0,623 and Lactate Threshold is p=0,982.
Conclusion: With those result it can be concluded that there is no significant effect between before and after turmeric consumption to VO2Max and Lactate Threshold.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


78.

ESSENTIAL ROLE OF SERUM CALSIUM FOR MUSCLE STRENGTH IN FOOTBALL ATHLETES
Yusni1, Amiruddin2, Ambrosius Purba3, Beltasar Tarigan4

Exercise can increase the reabsorption of calcium from bone and imbalances of calcium intake in athletes resulting in hypocalcaemia. Hypocalcemia is one factor that could be expected to result in decreased muscle strength in athletes, but how the mechanism is not known for certain, so it needs to be investigated further. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of serum calcium levels and leg muscle strength in football athletes. Subjects were 22 junior football athletes, male, aged 12-17 years. The study design was an observational laboratory. Serum calcium levels were measured using O-cresolphthalein complexone and leg muscle strength was measured using a dynamometer leg. Data analysis using Pearson correlation test and simple linear regression analysis with significance level of 5%. The results showed that 18.18% junior football athletes have hypocalcemia and mean leg muscle strength was 90.23 kg (category enough). The results of Pearson correlation test (r) shows that r=0.25; p=0.50, it indicates that there is a low correlation between the serum calcium level with leg muscle strength, but not statistically significant. The results of the analysis of simple linear regression shows that if an increase of serum calcium level by 2 mg/dl, then it will be able to increase of leg muscle strength about 13.07 kg. It can be concluded that serum calcium levels were positively associated with a lower leg muscle strength in athletes football. A decrease in serum calcium levels was not followed by a decrease in leg muscle strength in athletes of football, but this is a preliminary study and still requires further research.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


79.

THE EFFECT OF MUSLIMAH’S SPORTSWEAR TO DEHYDRATION LEVEL AND THERMOREGULATION AFTER EXERCISE
imas damayanti, nur indri rahayu

The focus of this research was to explain the effect of muslimah’s sportswear to dehydration level and thermoregulation after exercise. Respondents of this research were 20 students for sample group and 20 students for control group. The instruments used were thermometer and urine specific weight test kit. In this research, the data was processed and analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS). Analysis technique was an inferential statistic independent sample t test and descriptive statistic frequencie; significant level 0.5 was selected as a base for acceptance or rejected the null hypotheses.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


80.

MAXIMIZING COORDINATION OF PENCAK SILAT ATHLETES THROUGH BRAIN JOGGING
M Y Saputra, Mulyana, Komarudin, H Sartono

Brain jogging is a model of mental exercise which combines motion with exercises the brain, which is in the process exercise more emphasis to coordination senses motion. In the branch of Pencak Silat one major factor is the successful athletes have someone coordinating a quick motion, either in deciding an assault or dodge. This research aims to know the influence of training on brain jogging towards improved coordination of Pencak Silat athletes. The methods used in this research are a method of experimentation. Population and sample was pelatda pencak silat athletes of West Java with a population of 22 people. Experimental group will be given training in the treatment of brain jogging. The design used in this research is the design of the one-group pretest-posttest design. As for the results of the research is to increase coordination of brain jogging training athletes Pencak Silat, when doing the attack and avoid the opponent's attack has increased significantly. The conclusion of this research is the sport of martial arts that require coordination in his movement, requiring training brain jogging.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


81.

THE EFFECT OF EXERCISE USING MULTIFUNCTION WHEELCHAIR TO INCREASE PHISICAL FITNESS AND SPORT PARTICIPATION OF DISABLED STUDENTS
Dra. Yati Ruhayati, M.Kes, Dr. dr. Imas Damayanti, M.Kes, Dr. Nur Indri Rahayu, M.Ed

This research aims at examining the exercise effect by using multifunction wheelchair to increase physical fitness and sport participation of disabled students. This research was conducted in SLB YPAC Bandung. The subjects of the research are disabled students who are classified into lower body dysfunction (legs) for about 5 students based on total sampling. The method that is applied in this research is pre-experimental by pre-test and post-test group design. The treatment was done in 12 meetings with the frequency of 3 times a week and the duration of I hour per meeting. The research instruments are Modification Fitnesgram Test (1999) to measure physical fitness and Self Motivation Inventory (SMI) which is adopted from Dishman and Ickes (1981) to measure student motivation in doing sport. The analysis used paired sample t-test to examine the influence of exercise to increase physical fitness and sport participation of disabled students. The result shows that there is influence of exercise by using multifunction wheelchair to increase of physical fitness and sport participation of disabled students. It is recommended for the next research to measure the aspects of the more specific physical condition and to use the higher amount of subjects.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


82.

THE DIFFERENCES OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MUSCULAR ENDURANCE EXERCISE AND CONVENTIONAL EXERCISE TO ACID-BASE BALANCE (pH, PaO2, PaCO2 and HCO3) OF THE SPRINTER
Novita Sari Harahap, Ambrosius Purba

Muscular endurance exercise will increase the muscle physiological function in the form of the increasing of mioglobin and mitochondria. The increasing of mioglobin and mitochondria will cause the ability of the muscle to catch the oxygen in the more maximum muscle contraction. Energy source of a sprinter comes from predominant anaerobic alactacid and anaerobic lactacid. The increasing of lactic acid level will influence pH and change the acid-base balance. However, by giving exercise, the influence of muscular endurance to acid-base balance of a sprinter has not been reported yet.
The aim of this research is to find out the different influence between the group with muscular endurance exercise and the other group with conventional exercise to the changing balance of acid-base of a sprinter. The research subjects are 20 students of Faculty of Sport Science (FIK) UNIMED who have not been trained as sprinters. The subjects are randomly divided into two groups. Group (i) is the group which is given muscular endurance exercise by doing resistence-training of 15-25 RM about 3 sets. The training was done 3 times in a week. Group (ii) is the control group that follows the conventional exercise (KV). Then, the changing balance of acid-base was measured. T-dependent test was done to find out whether there is an influence of the treatment. T-independent test was done to find out whether there is an influence in the group that follow conventional exercise and the group that is given the muscular endurance exercise.
The result shows that in the group that was given endurance muscle exercise, there is a changing of pH, increasing of PaO2, decreasing of PaCO2, and increasing of HCO3 after sprinting about (7,144 vs 7,238, p<0,05), (108,60 vs 112,60 mmHg, p<0,05), (31,75 vs 29,67 mmHg, p<0,05), and (10,40 vs 12,53 mmol/L, p<0,05). Meanwhile, in the group that followed conventional exercise, there is a changing of pH, increasing of PaO2, decreasing of PaCO2, and increasing of HCO3 after sprinting about (7,142 vs 7,156, p>0,05), (108,40 vs 111,00 mmHg, p>0,05), (31,15 vs 30,85 mmHg, p>0,05), and (10,38 vs 10,97 mmol/L, p>0,05). The difference of effectiveness of muscular endurance exercise and conventional exercise to the increasing of pH, increasing PaO2, decreasing PaCO2 and increasing HCO3-are (7,238 vs 7,156, p<0,05), (112,60 vs 111,00 mmHg, p>0,05), (29,67 vs 30,85 mmHg, p>0,05), and (12,53 vs 10,97 mmol/L, p<0,05).
The conclusion of this research is that the muscular endurance exercise is more effective to increase pH and HCO3. Therefore, there is a changing balance of acid-base to the normal point compare with the conventional exercise for sprinter.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


83.

DEVELOPING AN ANDROID-BASED SOFTWARE OF AEROBIC CAPACITY TO BE USED IN BLEEP TEST
Moch Insan Gumelar (a), Ronald D Ray Hamidie (a,b*)

Background: This study was aimed to creating an instrument to measure Bleep Test based on android-based software. The Bleep Test application has a pivotal function to simplify and conveniently all users to get the test result automatically. This software created by using Intel XDK application. The application of Bleep Test employed an animation as a running indicator. Moreover, the animation will be seen to move quickly as the running level gets higher.
Methods: The research was used employed Research and Development (R&D) method. The test result and validation test being conducted from the simulation to the trial stages generally run very well.
Result: The statistics revealed that there was no any significant difference between the Bleep test using an android-based software and conventional (manually). Therefore, the application is highly recommended to use in the Bleep Test.
Conclusion: By using this application, the users are able to see the maximum strength of aerobic or VO2Max in which the instructors can analyze and evaluate more convenient and accurate in order to increase athlete performance.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


84.

VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF ACCURACY TEST FOR TABLE TENNIS SERVICE SKILLS
Tomoliyus, Caly Setiawan, Sumaryanti

The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of test construct for backspin service accuracy in table tennis. The method included research and development, wuth the following procedures; (1) developing content validity, (2) testing empirical validity, (3) testing the reliability of service accuracy skills. The subjects of the study were beginning young athletes. The data analysis involved product moment formula. The results showed that (1) the content validity of the test was high with the construct of three target marks on the table; the first area (152,5 cm x 35 cm) was scored 5, the second one (152,5 cm x 35 cm) was scored 3, the third area (152,5 cm x 67 cm) was scored 1 with a string was set across the table 20 cm above the net, and attached with procedures of the test and scoring guide, (2) the empirical validity was 0.89 dan coefficient reliablity = 0.88 for the beginning athletes. This accuracy skill test can be used to measure the accuracy of backspin service for beginning young athletes.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


85.

Menstrual cycle: Does it Influence the Anxiety and Confidence of the Volley Ball Athletes?
Beltasar Tarigan (a), Restu Pratiwi (b)

The research aims at finding out how much the menstrual cycle affects the anxiety increasing and confidence decreasing of volley ball athletes. The research method used was the causal-comparative research (Ex-Post Facto) with 12 volley ball athletes as the sample. The result shows that the anxiety increasing on the pre-menstrual phase is about 32.5%, during the menstrual phase about 32.9 %, and on post-menstrual phase is about 45.5%. Meanwhile, the confidence decreasing level on the pre-mestrual phase is about 34.1%, during the menstrual phase about 33.7%, and on the post-menstrual phase is about 43.7%. The conclusion is that the menstrual phase influence the anxiety increasing and confidence decreasing of volley ball athletes.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


86.

Does menstrual cycle influence physical condition and performances of volleyball athletes?
Beltasar Tarigan (a), Restu Pratiwi (b)

The perpose of this research is to find out the decrease of physical condition and performances of volleyball athletes during menstrual cycle. Causal comparative research methodology with the characteristic of Ex Post Facto is used to conduct this reasearch, with the sample of twelve volleyball athletes. The result of the research shows that the decrease of performance in premenstrual phase is 35,4 %, 46,6 % during menstrual phase and 29,5% in postmenstrual phase. The conclusion is menstrual phases have major influence in the decrease of physical condition and performances of volleyball athletes.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


87.

Indonesian Rhytmic Gymnastic Athletes Analyze Study: Based on Physical Characteristic and Psychosocial
Nina Sutresna (a) Etor Suwandar (b)

Gymnastic achievement in indonesia on international league, even in southeast asia has been declined significantly. remembered that this sport is required high requirement both physically and mentally, it is required to do standardization from early. This research is aim to study rhytmic gymnastic athletes profile from physical and psychosocial dimension. The result of this study be expected to be a guide in the process of rhytmic gymnastic coachin in Indonesia. Population are all rhytmic gymnastic athlete, with sample are 33 athletes that paryicipate in PON XIX Janar 2016.

Reaearch result: from physical dimension, indonesian rhytmic gymnastic athletes (Antropometric, BMT, and physical condition) has lower and significantly different with Asian and International athlete standard. menwhile from pychosocial dimension, are in middle level.

Conclusion and research suggestion: Physical profile and psychosocial of indonesia gymnastic rhytmic athlete hasnt comply the requirement as elite athletes, that is the reason that standardization is required to be used as reference to select and do long term coaching.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


88.

Can sientific approach in physical education improve creativity and physical fitness of Junior High School students living on coastal area?
Beltasar Tarigana(a); Yudy Hendrayana (b); Kurnia Eka Wijaya(c)

The purpose of this research is to analyse the influence of scientific approach in physical education towards creativity and physical fitness of Junior High School students living on the coastal area.The methods of the experiment were Pre-test and Post-test designs. The population was the students of Indramayu State Junior High School with 30 students taken as samples through simple random sampling technique. The instruments used were creativity test and Indonesian Physical Fitness Test (TKJI). The data was processed by independent t-test with the level of trust 0,05. The result of independent t- test in the component of creativity shows that t=7,489,sig.0,000, and 0,000 less than 0,005, so H1 is accepted. The physical fitness component shows z=-3,976,Sig 0,000 and less than 0,005, so H2 is accepted. Conclusion : scientific approach in physical education can improve creativity and physical fitness of junior high school students living on the coastal area.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


89.

TABATA TRAINING FOR INCREASING AEROBIC CAPACITY
Iman Imanudin, Kuston Sultoni

Futsal is one kind of football game with speed, so that each player is required to have excellent physical condition. One required component of the physical condition of players as the initial foundation is endurance (aerobic). There are several training systems that can be used in improving ability of aerobic. One of training that has not been widely implemented is the Tabata training. The problem of this study is whether the application of Tabata training can give effect toward to increase the ability of aerobic. The objective of this study is to determine whether the application of Tabata training provides significant effect on the ability of aerobic. The population in this study is unit of student’s activity of Women’s Futsal UPI which is consisted of 32 students and samples are taken as many as 18 people who are chosen as a team needs. The sampling technique used purposive sampling technique. The method of this study used experimental method. The data were collected through the test (bleep test) to measure endurance. Calculation of statistic used two similarity test average. The results showed that the average value of the pre test 37.7 and pos test 40.5. From the analysis of data, t obtained value 3.37 was higher than t critical value 2.11. It indicated that there is significant influence of Tabata training to increase the ability of aerobic.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


90.

Physical Inactivity Among the Professors and Its Relation to Metabolic Syndrome
Iwan Setiawan1, Leonardo Lubis1, Fathul Huda1, Sylvia Rachmawati2, Gaga Irawan Nugraha3, Ronny Lesmana1, Ambrosius Purba1

Physical inactivity has deleterious effects on health. Indeed, the burden of diseases related to physical inactivity nowadays tends to increase, among other is the metabolic syndrome. Higher education should become the ideal place for healthy life style. Hence, this study was conducted to evaluate the extend to which physical inactivity prevailing among the professors and its relation to the metabolic syndrome.
Self-administered General Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was collected and 6-minute walk test was performed in addition to other parameters, such as body weight, body height, blood pressure, abdominal circumference, and blood glucose (fasting and 2 hours post-prandial) in two consecutive days.
There were 151 professors with complete parameters, in which physical inactivity prevailed at 38.66% and 55.26% in male and female professors, respectively. In parallel, male professor has better age-matched-physical fitness than female ones. Likewise, prevalence of metabolic syndrome in female professors was higher than the male ones. However, there was no significant relation between physical activity and metabolic syndrome (p= 0.138 in male and p= 0.453 in female), nor physical fitness and metabolic syndrome both in male or female professors (p= 0.155 in male and p= 0.866 in female). All results were consistent in all age groups.
It can be concluded that physical fitness is reflected by the physical activity even though the relation to metabolic syndrome is still unresolved.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


91.

Oxidative stress: Comparing sub-maximal physical activities
Yetty Septiani Mustar, Indra Himawan Susanto

Numerous prospective epidemiological studies have investigated the effects of exercise or estimates of physical activity can increase oxidative stress. Oxidative stress reflects an imbalance between production of reactive oxygen species and an adequate antioxidant defense. Increased aerobic metabolism during exercise or physical activities can be a potential source of oxidative stress. Anaerobic physical activity and oxidative stress are interrelated because the intense anaerobic activity leads to damage proteins, lipids and nucleic acids in muscle cells and blood. This research aims to show that there is a difference of oxidative stress after having sub-maximal physical activities in the morning and afternoon. This is an experimental laboratories research with pre-post test design. The sub-maximal physical activities in this research is riding ergo-cycle with 80% HRmax for 6 minutes. The study revealed there is a significant improvement of MDA plasma degree and decreased activity of enzyme SOD before and after having sub-maximal physical activities in the morning and afternoon. Oxidative stress and the subsequent oxidation of LDL are considered a major contributor to the lifestyle-related diseases, impairment of endothelial function and the development of atherosclerotic lesions. For this reason, it is essential to consider the time and the intensity for having physical activities.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


92.

THE EFFECT OF ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC EXERCISE MODELS ON ENDURANCE AND NON ENDURANCE ATHLETES ON PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME (PMS) (Experimental Study On Pengprov. Athletes Kota Padang)
Umar

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a symptom or discomfort felt by women 10-7 days before menstruation. The discomfort can be both physiologically and psychologically. This study aims to determine the influence of anaerobic and aerobic exercise models in endurance and non endurance athletes to decrease the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) that is often experienced by most women, both athletes and non athletes. The study population is consisted of athletes from various sports institutions in Padang, while samples were taken by using purposive sampling of 140 people based on female athletes who have the premenstrual syndrome. The activities are anaerobic and aerobic models of exercise. The instruments used to discover the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are questionnaires and interviews. Data analysis using the t test with significance level α of 0.05. Based on the data analysis for the first hypothesis turned out that ρ = 0.437 > α 0.05. In conclusion, the hypothesis proposed in this research that There are differences found between the anaerobic and aerobic models of exercise in non-endurance athletes to premenstrual syndrome, is rejected. While the results of data analysis in the second hypothesis turned out to be ρ = 0.00 < α 0.05. In conclusion, the hypothesis proposed in this research that There are differences found between the anaerobic and aerobic models of exercise in endurance athletes to premenstrual syndrome, is acceptable. It can be concluded that the aerobic models of exercise can reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome better than anaerobic models of exercise.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


93.

MODERATE INTENSITY EXERCISE REDUCED METABOLIC DISEASES
Shinta Arisanti 1 and Bayu Agung Pramono 2

As employees on company which work behind the desk raised the health risk because barely do no significant physical activity. Less physical activity induced the show up of diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, fatigue, stress, depression, musculoskeletal disorder, general health complaint and also raised the mortality rate. Research found that there are an association between time spent in sedentary behavior and the metabolic diseases. On this study, we chose 29 people from Pertamina Company in Surabaya. Subjects screened by their waist circumference, fat percentage and body weight which above the standard. Subjects treated with moderate intensity exercise and diet, we evaluated the subject every 2 weeks in 3 months. every participant must accomplish their physical program with the recommendation stretching and warming up , cardio/endurance 60-75% from HRmax , Strenght exercise 60-75 % 1RM 15x/ set until two sets and cooling down . Participants also dieting by reducing 3/4 - 1/2 the size of the meal. Result showed there are significant decreased in waist circumference (2.5–6.3centimetre), fat percentage (0.8–2.2%), body weight (0.9–3.6kg) and increased in VO2max level (1.7-4.3ml/kg/minute). Conclusion: employee which work behind the table need moderate intensity exercise to decrease metabolic diseases.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


94.

Quantum Biofeedback Therapy in Athletic Sport Performance
A Firmansah (a), Ronald D Ray Hamidie (b.c*)

An advanced biofeedback technology, named Scientific Consciousness Interface Operation (SCIO), that has proven applications in primary preventive medicine and athletic performance enhancement. Thera are over 25,000 of the devices in use worlwide in hospitals, medical clinics, naturopathic clinics, wellness centers, private offices, and homes.
SCIO quantum biofeedback program has been implemented for Chinese Olympic Team prior to and during the Beijing Olympic Games. This program is implemented to assist coaches, trainers, and physicians to prevent athlet injuries, enhance contest preparation, acclerate training and post-contest recovery, and optimize overall athletic performances.
Biofeedback has been used for sport performance enhancement, including at the Olympic level, for 40 years , because athletic performance is intimately linked with the athlete’s ability to relax, recover, sleep, manage pain, and mentally and emotionally prepare for competition.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


95.

PHYSICAL AND TECHNICAL PROFILES OF GARUDA BASKETBALL CLUB’S 17 TO 18 YEARS OLD MEN GROUP
H. DEDE ROHMAT N¹, ALEN RISMAYADI², RIDHA MUSTAQIM³, Yopi Kusdinar

ABSTRACT
The background of this research is the attempt of creating the best basketball players by investigating the requirements which have to be prepared in every stages. In fact, there has not been any data which can be reference as the target for athletes in every age stages to achieve, especially in the ages of 17 to 18. Thus, a data is needed to be the reference so that it can be found what kind of requirements which have to be fulfilled by the athletes. Garuda, one of the basketball clubs in NBL (Indonesia professional basketball competition), is not only a professional team but it also develops youth to be the next basketball players. The research problem is how the physical and technical profiles of Garuda basketball club’s 17 to 18 years old men group are like. Descriptive method was used in this research. This research aims at portraying the physical and technical profiles of Garuda basketball club’s 17 to 18 years old men group. In physical profile, the results show that no athlete (0%) is classified in perfect, very good, and low categories. Six (35.3%) and eleven (64.7%) of them are classified in good and moderate categories. Meanwhile, the results show that no athlete (0%) is classified in perfect and low categories on technical profile. Four (23.5%) and eight (47.1%) of them are classified in very good and good categories. Based on the results, it can be concluded that physical and technical profiles of Garuda basketball club’s 17 to 18 years old men group are considered as in moderate and good categories.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


96.

The difference of Influence between Active and passive Recovery on the decrement of capillary lactic acid and resting heart rate
Lucky Angkawidjaja Roring, Santosa Giriwijoyo, N Tine K

This study was backgrounded by the importance of recovery process that was indicated by the decrement of the capillary latic acid level and resting heart rate. This study purpose was to get empirical data about the difference of influence between active and passive recovery on capillary lactic acid level and heart rate after exhaustive physical activity.
This study used quantitative approach with experimental design. The population of this study were students of PGSD Pendidikan Jasmani Study Program academic year 2009/2010. The total number of samples were 20 people which were divided into 2 groups.
Results of the study showed that there were different influences between active and passive recovery on the decrement of capillary lactic acid level at the 2nd minutes after recovery while the difference of influence on the heart rate occured at the 3rd minutes (p<0,05). The subjects who performed active recovery had better decrement of capillary lactic acid concentration and resting heart rate compared to passsive recovery.

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


97.

REVIEW OF KNOWLEDGE OF DOPING OF WEST SUMATERA’S BODYBUILDING ATHLETE YEAR 2015
Hastria Effendi

This study aims to determine the level of knowledge bodybuilding athlete West Sumatra in 2015 about doping. This study was conducted on 30 athletes in West Sumatra, both athletes beginners as well as professional athletes. The level of knowledge in terms of athletes using the enclosed questionnaire. Then the questionnaires were analyzed using Guttman scale model of a cross-sectional (traditional) through a quantitative approach. The result showed that knowledge of West Sumatra athlete on doping in the category of "good" by 43% (13 athletes), the category of "enough" by 47% (14 athletes), the category of "less than" 10% (3 athletes). While based on the average value, namely 11.90, in the category "sufficient".

Topic: Sport Medicine & Exercise Physiology [SMEP]


98.

Competitive Anxiety, Self-change Awareness, Response to Change-Events, and Social Comparison among Student- Athletes
Anisa Rezkinda, Juneman Abraham

Competitive anxiety is a pivotal inhibitor of student-athletes achievement. However, not many theoretical models which incorporate perceptual factors of self, events in the environment, and other people in an integrative manner in explaining the anxiety. This study aims to investigate the role of self-change awareness, response to change-events, and social comparison in predicting the dimensions of competitive anxiety in student-athletes actively engaging in sports games and academics. The dimensions of the anxiety are somatic anxiety, worry, and concentration disruption. The design of this study is predictive correlational. Multiple linear regression analysis was done to analyze the data. A total of 83 student-athletes (55 males, 28 females; mean of age = 20.45 years old, standard deviation of age = 1.50 years) who actively competed in sports, domiciled in Greater Area of Jakarta, Indonesia were recruited through purposive sampling technique. The result showed that the three predictors can predict two out of three dimensions of competitive anxiety. The results of this study have implications in the field of sport psychology to prevent competitive anxiety among student-athletes.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


99.

DETERMINANTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG CONVENIENCE SAMPLE OF WOMEN STUDENTS OF TEACHER EDUCATION FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL, AND ITS OUTCOMES
Dinar Dinangsit

Indonesia is belongs to “the Big Six in Asia”, which suffering a high prelavence of Non-Communication Disease (NCD) (Ching Ming, et al., 1997) that lead to a high burden of macro economy, IRD 378.78 trillion (US$ 29 billion) for curing disease related to risk behaviors on smoking cigaret (Ministry of Health, 2014), while the main causes of NCD is unhealthy life style, including lack of physical activity (PA) (Directorate General of Sports, 2005)), and high consumption on sugar, salt, and lack of fibers (fruit and vegetable) (Ministry of Health, 2014)). PA interventions are needed at all age groups (USDHHS, 2000), but university students have been identified as a unique group for targeted interventions, because they often make decisions about their lives and behaviors for the first time on their own and live on campus (Keating, et al., 2009). Nevertheless, women students in Indonesia is still continue to exhibit poor level of PA which calls for more effective PA interventions in higher education settings.
This study is aimed to to explore factors influencing PA among women students in Teacher Education for Primary School of Indonesia University of Education (TEPS-IUE), including self control on diet (SC-D), health related fitness knowledge (HRFK), and motivation on freee time (MFT), while the outcomes are cardivascular fitness (CVF,) and body mass index (MBI). This study apply a design of cross-sectional approach, a convenience sample of 210 women students of TEFPS-IUE, and multiple regression analysis, while data are obtained by using a self-report questionnaire to measure SC-D (Grasmick et al), HRFK (Smart test) and MFT (Baldwin & Caldwel, 2001) based on self-determination theory (Ryan & Decy, 2000), and International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short (IPAQ-Short). This study reveal that SC-D, HRFK, and MFT is a good predictor of PA. Women students possess a very poor level of HRFK, while their MFT tend to focus on extrinsic motivation There is a low and unsignificant correlation among PA and CVF and BMI (0,02 and 0,06 respectively); it is due to the fact that almost 90 percent of women students belongs to physical inactivity category. PA, however, is a good predictor of BMI, which means that the more increase, of PA the lower of BMI. This study suggests that SC-D, HRFK, and MFT play a key role for promoting PA and combating NCD among women students in higher education.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


100.

DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC SKILLS BASKETBALL TESTS FOR SMA STUDENTS IN MALANG
Siti Nurrochmah

Physical education teacher do not have a standardized test instrument in basketball skills, to assess the mastery of basketball the skills of students in physical education. The author conducted research on "Development of Basic Skills Basketball Tests For SMA Students in Malang”. Research aims is to develop basketball skills tests form guidebooks technical manual test execution through the process of validity, reliability and objectivity of the tests skills of each item.
Research using conceptual model approach to problem oriented and surve. Collecting data using observation techniques and test and measurement. Data were analyzed by using correlation product moment Karl Pearson.
The results of the analysis of the validity of the tests passing rx1y = 0.781, drible rx2y = 0.783 and shooting under the ring rx3y = 0.792. Reliability passing rx1y = 0.918, drible rx2y = 0.901, and shooting rx3y = 0.913. Objectivity passing rx1y = 0.844, drible rx2y = 0.817 and shooting rx3y = 0.827. Each item of skills tests show the validity of the criteria are acceptable, very good reliability and acceptable objectivity.
Result of research concluded that the basketball skill tests passing, drible and shooting the ball showing a precise, interesting and useful for SMA Students in Malang.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


101.

Program Evaluation of Kids Athletic Mass In Banyumas Central of Java
Ngadiman



Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Kids Athletic mass program in Banyumas, Central of Java. Studies used qualitative and quantitative approaches (mixed methods) in a series of research . While the evaluation model used Stufflebeam’s CIPP evaluation model that includes an evaluation of context, input, process, and outcomes. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling and cluster sampling technique.
Results: (1) The results show that in the context evaluation indicates that the destination and the public response meets both criteria, aspects of environmental support just enough category. (2) The results of the evaluation input indicates that the aspect of student characteristics including excellent category, on aspects of teacher characteristics and the availability of sufficient infrastructure category, on the financing aspects included in both categories. (3) The results of the process evaluation showed that the learning and participation aspects of the race included in both categories, in the aspect of extra-curricular activities in the category enough. In general the results of the evaluation process meets both categories; (4) The results of the outcomes evaluation showed that in the aspect of physical fitness level of students on average in the category enough.
Conclusion: (1) In the aspect of context, the program meets both categories (82,84%).; (2) In the aspect of the input, the program meets both categories (85,38%).; (3) In the aspect of the process, the program meets both categories (75,30%).; (4) In the aspect of output, the program meets the sufficient category.
Implication: kids athletic need to be incorporated into the primary school curriculum and the need to improve training for teachers.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


102.

THE IMPORTANCE OF MEDIA DOLL IN TEACHING PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING EXERCISE
Narwikant Indroasyoko, Sri Santoso Sabarini.

The purpose of this research is to ease the teachers of physical education or coaches to demonstrate the movements in teaching or coaching process. The use of media doll in teaching physical education can release the athletes /students from a formal training situation. The transfer of instruction can be more centralized so it is easier for students to master the basic formal techniques in training exercise or physical education. The biggest portion of time is spent to learn and practice the skill through the drilling of basic techniques which are not easy to tranfer in the actual play. The learning process is directed to the skill of narrow basic technique, while students are organized to play the real match in the right movements and basic techniques, whereas in the real match it seldom happens. Although in the observation of skill practice some students started to be able to do drilling skill well, they couldn’t transfer their ability in a more complex context of the game. The result is almost every game was played badly. It showed that physical education learning had not been effective yet as a media of learning movements. This condition affected in the limitation of conducting correct movements that made the learning was not optimal. In this case teachers/coaches can use dolls to demonstrate the skill of movement concept to develop it. The use of media doll makes students able to catch and save the correct movements quickly in their memory so it is easier for them to implement them in their every activity.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


103.

Relative Frequency of Augmented Feedback and Motor Skill Learning
Yadi Sunaryadi, Basiran, Sagitarius

Abstract. Optimal conditions are required to optimize motor learning. With the provision of more augmented feedback, the recall and recognition schema can be strengthened. Two types of scheduling variables of augmented feedback are absolute frequency and relative frequency. The absolute frequency is the absolute number of times feedback is given in an instructional progression, while relative frequency is the total number of times feedback is given relative to the total number of trials attempted. Several studies over the past decade have revealed that variations in augmented feedback scheduling which reduce the relative frequency of feedback during acquisition prove to be more beneficial for long-term skill retention than practice conditions with feedback provided more often. On the contrary, many studies revealed that an increase in relative frequency of feedback not only promotes acquisition, but also helps to frequently evaluate the movement.



Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


104.

Gender Anxiety Control through the Outdoor Education Program
John Kardjono

Physical Education programs that focus on the physical, social, mental, and emotional development such as found in Outdoor Education programs, might be implemented as a potential activity to improve anxiety control. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of an Outdoor Education’s Hiking program based on Experiential Learning method on gender anxiety control. The subjects consisted of 31 male and 8 female students from the Physical Education and Health Department at the Indonesia University of Education. The Anxiety Scale consisted of 24 questions modified from The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) developed by Liebowitz. (1987). The results after four weeks intervention (12 sessions) showed that male experimental group has significant difference on control level of anxiety compared to the female experimental group (0<0.25). From the result of this study it can be recommended that the Outdoor Education Hiking program through Experiential Learning methods can be implemented as a method to control anxiety especially for male.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


105.

IMPACT RATIO OF SPORT EXTRACURRICULER AND NON-SPORT THROUGH STUDENT SOCIAL ATTITUDE
Gin Gin Ginanjar1, Lukmannul Hakim Lubay1, Mudjihartono²

Abstract. Aim of this research is to know the difference of student social attitude that follows the sport extracurricular and non-sport extracurricular activities. Used method in this study is descriptive method. Sampling in this study uses saturated sample technique as much as 60 persons. Used test instrument like questionnaire of student social attitude. The instrument test result of student social attitude as much as 41 items that is valid question and reliability. Average value of student social attitude that follows sport extracurricular as much as 158.97 while student that follows non-sport extracurricular average as much as 155.27. Based on data collecting result, then the conclusion from this study that the sport extracurricular more than non-sport extracurricular through student social attitude.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


106.

Is TGfU Influential towards Creativity?
Khairul Hadziq (a), Adang Suherman (a*)

There were still debate about the development of the theory of creativity resulted in the lack of research on creativity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) in a Basketball Game on Student Creativity. The study used an experimental method with the static-group pretest-posttest design. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling, two classes selected with random assignment into an experimental group and a control group from ten classes of population. The experimental group getting treatment TGfU the basketball game with a total of 12 meetings. The results showed that in the game of basketball TGfU a significant effect on students creativity. These results suggest that the development of creativity can be applied by setting an environment that supports the emergence the characteristics of creativity.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


107.

Active Learning Model in Track and Field Course for Pre-service Physical Education Teacher
Suroto

Active learning model in track and field course is the combination of theoretical knowledge, teaching strategy, and event officiating about track and field. This learning model is not only intended to stimulate pre-service physical education teacher to learn what or how to teach track and field, but also to give them additional skill in event organizing. So, the aim of this study is to investigate the learning effectiveness by using active learning model. The study was conducted by case study method. This study involved more than 1.760 students in 11 years duration. The result shows that the uniqueness activities of active learning model such like individual virtual learning, personal account of activity log, event organizer, and assisting the school in the track and field during event are able to help pre service physical education teacher to have a deeper understanding about track and field. This approach led student to learn actively by understanding the teaching materials in the virtual learning and also taking part in the event organizing. Considering by this finding, the active learning model could be implemented and suggested in other course or subject.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


108.

The development of instrument of responsibility in physical education learning in elementary school
1.Sri Santoso Sabarini, 2. Adang Suherman, 3.Yudy Hendrayana

So far so many reserchers say “Teaching Personal Social Responsibility’ (TPSR) (Hellisn. D. 1995) is a physical education learning model that can improve student’s character in responsibility. The research constructed a measuring instrument to determine the level of student’s responsiblity in elementary school. The development of the instrument was obtained by adopting several existing instruments of responsibility such as Tool for assessing Responsibility Based Education/TARE (Wright & Craig, 2011) and TPSR rubric from Paul M. Wright (2009). These research instruments were compiled to ease teachers and students in measuring the level of student’s responsibility during the physical education learning process in the class through observation and self-reflection. Observation was conducted by observers while self- reflection was conduted by the students themselves. The measured indicators of responsibility were respect, participation, persistence and efforts, independence and student’s emphaty during the “games” in physical education class.
The instrument consists of 18 questions in closed questionnaire. The steps of constructing the instrument are : (1) determining the spesifications of instrument, (2) writing the instrument, (3) determining the instrument’s scale, (4) determining scoring guidelines, (5) analysing the instrument, (6) assembling the instrument, (7) conducting limited trials, (8) analysing the results of the trials, (9) repairing the instrument, (10) conducting the measuring process, and (11) interpreting the result of the measuring process.
The instrument that had been constructed from clues, indicators and questions were experimented on 29 fourth graders of Nusukan State Elementary School in Surakarta, Central Java. The result of the analysis with SPSS realibility of both instruments gained the score of Cronbach’s Alpa for observation instrument 0.921 and reflection observation 0.863. Both results were considered high in the level of category. The validity of the 18 questions in the instrument was above 0.36. According to the F table of significance level of 5%, the number shows that the instrument is valid. The implication of the result of this research is to produce measuring instruments to measure the level of student’s responsibility especially students in the higher level (fourth graders) which is simpler and more practical, suitable with the characteristic of students in Indonesia.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


109.

The Effect Of Learning Models And Motor Educability To Results Of Learning Skills Footbal (Experiment Study In SMP N 1 Semen Kab. Kediri) ".
(1) Ryo Sinung Primadana, S.Pd (2) Dr. Yudi Hendrayana, M.Kes. AIFO

Football is a sport that is very interested in the community in the world and also one of the sports that can be held in the education learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of learning model that is TGfU and DI on the motor educability students who have high and low on the learning outcomes of students of class VII football skills. Experimental method with 2x2 factorial design. The sample was of 40 people taken by simple random sampling to the class VII SMPN 1 Semen Kab. Kediri. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 with hypothesis testing through Paired Sample t Test, Independent Sample t Test and Two Way Anova. Research results revealed that 1). The learning model to give effect to the results of learning football skills with significance 0.001 < 0.05 2). The learning model to give effect to the results of learning football skills to the students who have high motor educability with significance 0.005 < 0.05. 3). The learning model to give effect to the results of learning football skills in students who have a motor educability low with significance 0.036 < 0.05. 4). There is no interaction between the learning model with a motor educability to the improvement of football skills with significance 0.320 > 0.05. The conclusion of this study is a learning model provides significant influence on Motor Educability high and low on the learning outcomes of football skills and the lack of interaction between the Model of Learning and Motor Educability to increased learning outcomes football skills.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


110.

The Effect of TGFU (Teaching Games for Understanding) Model and Gender on Student Situational Interest in Physical Education
teguh fajar putra utama

This study aims at identifying the effect of Teaching Games for Understanding (TGFU) model on the increase of situational interest in physical education (PE) classroom and the gender issue that occurs in physical education class activities where the male students tend to be dominating in the learning process, in which this situation is supposed to be dealt with properly by the PE teachers or trainers so that every movement task could be conducted optimally by all students. Teaching Games for Understanding model is used in this study and quasi experimental with Counter Balance Design is administered as the research method. The X grade students of SMAN 1 Rajagaluh are taken as subject of study through cluster random sampling technique. Questionnaire of situational interest by Chen at al. (1999) that consists of 24 questions with Likert-scale is employed as the instrument of study. Normality test, test of homogeneity, and hypothesis testing are applied on the data to draw the findings of this study. It is supposed that Teaching Games for Understanding model could increase students’ situational interest in physical education.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


111.

LEARNING MODEL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION USING MULTIPLE INTELEGENSCIES APPROACHES AND INFLUENCE ON CREATIVITY DEVELOPMENT
Roesdiyanto

This study aims to develop a model of teaching physical education using multiple intelligences approach and its influence on the development of creativity. Using research methods development research and experimental comparison group design. The population is kindergarten in town, Blitar, Malang, Batu, Malang regency, consisting of 36 preschool, kindergarten as many as 12 samples taken in 3 cities, namely Malang, Blitar stones and as many as 240 people, a path analysis using ANOVA (one way ANOVA) , the F-test at significance level of  = 0.05 level. Results, the model of physical education with a model of multiple intelligences approach to the Intelligent post Games, and its influence on the creativity development with Fhit. = 50.917> F = 3,871.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


112.

Does the learning model of Teaching Games For Understanding influence social skill?
Panji Nugraha R a, Adang Suherman a*

The increasing number of students fights nowadays shows the low level of students in social skill. The purpose of this research is to find out the influence of Teaching Games For Understanding (TgfU) model towards social skill. This research used the experiment method with the design of static-group pretest-posttest control group on the seventh grade of junior high school students. Two classes out of ten classes population were taken as samples. Cluster random sampling was used as sample collecting technique with the determination of duties by random assignment. The experiment group underwent TgfU treatment and control group underwent direct instruction in the 12-meeting basketball learning process. The result of the research shows that TgfU model in basketball influences social skill. From the finding Teaching Games for Understanding model can be used to improve students’ social skill in physical education learning process in actual sport games.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


113.

The Effect of Physical Education Teaching Materials Towards Situational Interest
Hilda Ilmawati , Adang Suherman, Gita Febria Friskawati, Sriningsih

The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of Physical Education teaching materials (Games and Fundamental skill) towards student’s situational interest. The sample of the research was class 10 students at SMAN 1 Batujaya Karawang which was taken as random cluster sampling become 2 Classes. The research uses a pre-post control group design. Student’s situational interest measured by using Situational Interest Scale from Chen et al (2001) which had validity and realibility coefficients 0,718. Data was analysed using t-test. The finding showed that both teaching material (games and fundamental skill) were significantly giving positive effect on student’s situational interest. However, games teaching material is the teaching material which students more like. Based on the result, it can be concluded that all teaching materials in form of games on physical education is more able to arise student’s situational interest than in form of fundamental skill.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


114.

THE ROLE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN POST DISASTER SITUATION
FEBRITA P. HEYNOEK, GEMA FITRIADY

Based on the geographical position, Indonesia has the potential for natural disasters. The natural disasters that have occurred in Indonesia are Aceh Tsunami (2004), Merapi Eruption (2010), Sinabung Eruption (2014), Manado Flash Floods (2014), Pandeglang Flash Floods (2016) and many more. Natural disasters will result in an imbalance in the lives of disaster victims because of infrastructure damage and sudden interruption of routine activities. Children are particularly vulnerable in disaster situations because their perceptions of the disaster is totally different from adults, they lost their study time and playing. Physical Education teachers have an important role in post-disaster recovery period, especially relating to the children. It is because the physical education teachers in the duties and responsibilities of teaching children from kindergarten to high school. Physical Education teacher is able to manage physical activities in the game as well as teach about health. Commonly, NGO which concern to educate children, took over it. The aim of this article describes the role of physical education teachers in disaster situations. There are three points that will be explained, 1) Physical Education in Post Disaster, 2) Physical Education Teacher Competencies, 3) The Role of Physical Education teacher in post disaster.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


115.

THE EFFECT OF EXERCISE METHOD AND HAND-EYE CORDINATION TOWARDS THE ACCURACY OF FOREHAND TOPSPIN IN TABLE TENNIS
Indra Safari, Adang Suherman, Mochammad Ali

In table tennis, an accurate hit should be possessed by an athlete in order to be able to anticipate and counter attack the opponent. A good and accurate stroke is a necessity. The aim of this research is to examine the effect of exercise method and hand-eye coordination towards the accuracy of forehand topspin in table tennis. The learning method applied here is Massed Practice and Distributed Practice, meanwhile hand-eye coordination cover high and low coordination. Experiment and factorial design 2x2 is used as the research method. The research subjects are 8 students involved in table tennis association (UKM) at UPI Sumedang district which is divided into 4 groups. Based on placed, high and low coordination with MPP treatment, high and low motor perceptual with MPDD treatment. As many as 16 meetings were conducted and Mannova analysis showed that there is a difference of accuracy in the forehand topspin strokes between trained students with massed practice and distributed practice. Distributed practice showed better performance. There is a difference between students or athletes who owned high and low hand-eye coordination towards their forehand topspin stroke accuracy in playing table tennis. Higher ability in motor skill has better results and the accuracy of forehand topspin between those who followed massed practice and distributed practice has also different results significantly with those who have higher and lower hand-eye coordination.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


116.

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INQUIRY LEARNING MODEL ON VOBAS GAME MODIFICATION TO CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY OF BIG BALL GAME IN SMAN 1 JATINANGOR
Mesa Rahmi Stephani, M.Pd (*)

This research aims to implement inquiry learning model on VOBAS game modification and see its effect on critical thinking ability of students in big ball game. The method used is experimental design with one group pretest-posttest design. The study was conducted in SMAN 1 Jatinangor with a sample of 30 students of class X (ten). The study pass off twelve weeks with the number of meetings three times each week. Critical thinking ability are measured using written tests of critical thinking ability. Analysis data using non - parametric statistical analysis Wilcoxon test. The results of this research that there is no increase in critical thinking skills of big ball game on the implementation of inquiry learning model in VOBAS game modification.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


117.

The Implementation of Learning Model and Delivery of Feedback on Increased Self Esteem Students
Rahadian Syah, *Adang Suherman

This study aims to Know the application of learning models to increase self-esteem in students, know giving feedback to the increased self esteem in students, as well as see the interaction between the learning model application and giving feedback on the improvement of self-esteem in students.
The method used in this study is an experimental research method using a 2x2 factorial design. The population of this study were students of SMK YPF Bandung. While the sample of this research is a class XI totaling 128 students. Sampling was done by cluster random sampling.
The results showed that there are significant application of learning models to increase self esteem in students. There is a feedback effect of the increase in self-esteem in students. And there is no interaction between the learning model application and providing feedback to the improvement of self-esteem in students.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


118.

Effect of Personalized System for Instructions (PSI) on Physical Fitness of Senior High School nursing’s student
Gita Febria Friskawati1, Hilda Ilmawati2, Adang Suherman3

Abstract. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of Personalized System for Instructions (PSI) to the physical fitness of Senior High School nursing’s student. This research used experimental methods, research design pretest-posttest control group design. A population of 233 of Senior High School nursing’s student from Bhakti Kecana at Cimahi, the sample consisted of 25 students for the experimental and control groups has been taken by cluster random sampling. This research was conducted 12 meetings for 4 weeks with a number of meetings three times a week. The instruments used are Tes Kebugaran Jasmani Indonesia (TKJI). Based on the results of data processing and analysis using Paired Samples T tests can be concluded that, There is an effect of Personalized System for Instructions (PSI) to the physical fitness of Senior High School nursing’s student with the significant value is 0,000. Implications of this research shows that to improve the physical fitness of the students, Personalized System for Instructions (PSI) can be used. with notes, the modules at Personalized System for Instructions (PSI) sheet should be easy to understand students.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


119.

IMPLEMENTATION OF DOMINANT MOTION PATTERN APPROACH ACTIVITIES IN LEARNING GYMNASTICS FLOOR IN CLASS VII B MTS MAARIF CIKERUH JATINANGOR
Dina Fauziah, S.Pd. and Arif Wahyudi, S.Pd.

This study aims to determine the implementation of motion patterns dominant approach in an effort to improve the skills of the front roll movement. The method used is the method of classroom action research. The population of all students Mts Maarif Cikeruh Jatinangor class VII B, with a sample of 47 people. The instruments used were observation, field notes and a test of skill. Based on the results of data processing and analysis of data obtained preliminary observations 4.9, the first cycle of the first acts of 6.2, the second act of the first cycle and the second cycle measures 7.4 I 8.5. The conclusion is to use the implementation approach of the dominant movement patterns can improve learning gymnastics floor class VII B in Mts. Maarif Cikeruh Jatinangor.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


120.

IMPLEMENTATION OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING BY USING TOOLS IN HIGH JUMPS OFF ACTIVITY TO IMPROVING LEARNING ACTIVE TIME AT THE ELEVEN GRADE OF SMAN 4 BANDUNG
Mubarok Tajul Aripin, S.Pd. and Arif Wahyudi, S.Pd.

The purpose of the research is to know how cooperative learning by using tools in high jumps off activity can improve student learning active time. This research was design by using classroom action research which was conducted intwo cycles, each cycle consisting of two acts through four stages, they are planning, implementation, observation and reflection. The subject of this research was XI grade of SMAN 4 Bandung that consisted of 26 students. In this research used several steps in collecting data, they are observation, field note sheet and observation sheet. The technique of data analyzing used persentation. The result of the analysis of the research shows that number management time (M) 17,8%, instuction time 14,8%, active learning time (A) 53,3% and total of waiting time (W) 14,1%. It means that there is a great improvement in student learning active time in teaching physical education at XI grade of SMAN 4 Bandung.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


121.

BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) OF PRIMARY STUDENT IN BANDUNG
Gano Sumarno, S.Si, M.Pd*

The purpose of this study to provide an overview Body Mass Index ( BMI ) Elementary School Students in Bandung . The method used in this research is descriptive method . Data obtained by measuring BMI grade lower and upper class in SDPN Setiabudhi as many as 100 students. Data are presented as percentages of students boys and girls based on the division of the upper class and lower class.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


122.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT TEACHING QUALITY THROUGH THEMATIC LEARNING APPROACH IN UPPER GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
¹Muhammad Muhyi, ²Luqmanul Hakim

Starting 2013 with new curriculum, physical education and sport teachers in elementary school implement new paradigm of teaching and learning process. In elementary schools use thematic learning approach, including Physical Education, Sport and Health (PESH) lesson. The problem is how the quality of teaching PESH in elementary school?. Research method use survey with descriptive quantitative approach, subject of research are 10 elementary schools target, area of research in Surabaya East Java that they are implementing curriculum 2013 for all grade including upper grade. Instrument of research is questionnaire that develop by researcher. Data analysis is descriptive quantitative. Based on research analysis, the result shows that 10 schools target the for upper grade the averages are good level (the average 3.04) in grade 4 and very good level (the average 4.2) in grade 5 and good level (the average 3.4) in grade 6. Finally, the conclusion of research is teaching quality in PESH lesson use thematic approach in 10 elementary school target upper grade in Surabaya mostly in good level. For the future research can explore what the teaching barrier in thematic approach in elementary school.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


123.

First Grade Primary School Students’ Physical Activity Level on Physical Education Subject Through Live Life Well at School Program
Setyorini, Suroto, Nanik Indahwati

Physical education is a subject in school that provides movement experience to students. In addition, it also received the mandate to develop the quality of the student movement through the physical activity (PA). The first motion quality that needs to be addressed is the quality of fundamental motor skills (FMS). Live Life Well at School (LLWS) is a special program to address the quality of FMS which was developed in New South Wales. This program was adopted in Indonesia and proved to have a significant impact on FMS. Nevertheless, further examination should be done on how the program is able to build a culture of active life by increasing the proportion PA up to an acceptable level. The research method used is quantitative descriptive. PA of students are identified through video analysis using duration and interval recording system. The results showed that: (1) the proportion of instructional time allocation is for giving instruction, the physical activity, and for management respectively, and (2) one-third of students following lesson on the physical activity at active and very active level. The LLWS can be adopted to provide a number of adequate movement experiences to students as well as improving their FMS.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


124.

The implementation of learning modification and simple feedback in volleyball activity to improve the active learning time
Hamdi, Suherman Slamet

The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is a significant influence in the implementations of learning modification and simple feedback towards the active learning time in conducting volleyball movements of the XI graders of Kartika XIX-2 Senior High School, Bandung. The instrument used in this research is active learning time observation, and the research methodology used is classroom action research. In the use of this method the researcher used two cycles. Every cycle consisted of two actions. The independent variable is the implementations of learning modification and simple feedback, and the dependent variable is the active learning time of the XI graders of Kartika XIX-2 Senior High School, Bandung in conducting volleyball movements. The population is the XI grade students of IPS 2 class. The result from the data analysis shows action 1 was 8.75%, action 2 raised to 26.3%, action 3 raised again to 47.2% and action 4 raised to 73%. From this research it can be concluded that the implementations of learning modification and simple feedback can give significant result on the active learning time in volleyball movements conducted by the XI graders of Kartika XIX-2 Senior High School, Bandung.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


125.

Health-Related Fitness Knowledge and Its Relation to College Student Physical Activity
Kuston Sultoni, Jajat, Mustika Fitri

One area of studies that has been done in relation to improving physical activity (PA) is Health-related fitness knowledge (HRFK). The aim of this study was to examine HRFK of a college student and its relation to PA. An internet-based survey was conducted .The participants were 312 sophomore undergraduate students from Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. HRFK was assessed using a test consisting of 21 multiple choice items. PA was assessed using International Physical Activity Questionnaire short form (IPAQ-SF). The result shows that HRFK college student is low. There is no significant correlation between HRFK and PA college student. Three is a slight possibility that knowledge of health-related fitness does not make someone more active physically.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


126.

The improvement of self-concept through the learning of pencak silat
Mulyana

The National Policy of Nation Development stated that the function of character building is to select the local culture and to filter the foreign culture that is not suitable with the values and the characters of a dignified nation (UU RI, 2011). The research is focused on the efforts of the development of the national cultural wealth that is pencak silat. Pencak silat is believed to be able to improve students self-concept. The correlational method with post-test only design is used to reveal the correlation between the skill of pencak silat that the the students have learnt with the students’ self-concept. The sample of the research involved 40 students of faculty of sport and health education of UPI who were given the learning of pencak silat for one semester. Based on the statistic analysis, it is concluded that the learning of pencak silat is significantly correlated with the development of students self-concept.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


127.

INSTRUMENT DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT FOR MANIPULATIVE FUNDAMENTAL MOTOR SKILL AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Hariadi

The aim of the study is to develop an authentic assessment instrument for manipulative fundamental motor skills in Physical, Sport and Health Education for elementary school in Medan, North Sumatera.
It is a research employed instrument development method with procedure from Djaali and Muljono. Qualitative and quantitative analysis were used to analyze the instrument. Experts and practitioners validation was made to do qualitative analysis. It shows that the instrument had a good item validity with the range 0,67 and 0,97. Factor analysis was used to evaluate the construct validity of the instrument for attitudes and manipulative fundamental motor skills and shows that it had a good validity on the range 0.528 and 0.98, while the reliablity on the range 0.799 and 0.910 which was chategorized high. The item analysis of cognitive ability showed that the validity, reliability, difficulty level, distinguished power were good.
It can be concluded that the authentic instrument of manipulative fundamental motor skills in physical education and sport learning have a good validity and reliability, and it can be used widely as an assessment instrument in the teaching and learning for Physical, Sport and Health Education skills for fourth grade students of elementary school

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


128.

The influence of the whole practice method and eye-hand coordination towards the skill of parry riposte in fencing
Nurul Musfira Amahoru (a*), Adang Suherman (b), Dian Budiana (b)

The influence of the whole practice method and the eye-hand coordinatioan towards the skill of parry riposte in fencing (Experimental study on students of FIK UNM Makassar, 2015).
The purpose of this research is to identify the differences in parry riposte skill using whole practice method on the group of players with high eye-hand coordination and the group of players with low eye-hand coordination. The research uses experimental method. The sample of the research are 20 people who passed Barrow Wall Pass test. The experimental group is divided into two groups, high eye-hand coordination group and low eye-hand coordination group, based on the result of eye-hand coordination test. Every group consists of 10 sample people. Descriptive statistics is used to analyse the data, and the hypotesis is tested by T test technique. The result of the research shows that there are differences in results of parry reposte skill between the group with high eye-hand coordination and the group with low eye-hand coordination. The significant score of T test is 0.00 with the average score of 22 for high eye-hand coordination group and the average score of 18 for low eye-hand coordination group.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


129.

Falsification Test and Praxis Concept of Indonesian Physical Fitness Test Instrument (IPFTI) and the Development of Physical Education Test Model for Children Ages 6 - 12 years
Dr. Widiyanto (a*); Dr. Muh Hamid Anwar (b**); Herka Maya Jatmika, M.Pd.(c***)


Purpose: The purpose of this study were (1) Testing on the concept and application of the praxis of evaluation instruments of physical fitness of children category 6-9 years.
Method: The development model in this study followed the steps models of R & D from the Borg and Gall (1983) which is divided into four stages, namely: (1) the initial analysis, through research and information gathering; (2) the development of tests, through planning up to testing; (3) creation of manual testing; and (4) dissemination and implementation. The population in this study is an elementary school student. By taking students in four districts and one city in Yogyakarta region. The samples used were primary school students in 15 district and city spread across three different geographical areas the city, suburban and rural. Sampling techniques using cluster random sampling.
Results: Data analysis using one way Anova on IPFTI of data by age and grade can be obtained that P = 0.00, because the value of P <0.05 it can be concluded there are significant differences TKJI value results in Class 1, 2, and 3. Based on the analysis using the Tukey test showed that the difference between grade 1 to grade 2 obtained P = 0.013, because P <0.05, it can be concluded that there are significant differences between the test results IPFTI grade 1 to grade 2, test the difference between classes 1 with grade 3 obtained P = 0.00, since P <0.05, it can be concluded that there are significant differences between the test results IPFTI grade 1 to grade 3, test the difference between grade 2 and grade 3 obtained P = 0.185, because P > 0.05 it can be concluded that there is no significant difference between the results of the test IPFTI grade 2 to grade 3.
Conclusion: Age range of categorisation of each childs abilities are measured in a fitness test tool is its still too rough.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


130.

The children’s aerobics capacity and the participation of physical education teachers on the series of rhythmic activities in the context of Physical Education
Surdiniaty Ugelta, Kuston Sultoni

In the curricullum of physical education, rhythmic activities include in learning materials at school. The rhythmic activity material is similar to aerobics. It can stimulate the work of cardiovascullar. Conducting the movements of rhythmic activity to a song with 130 beats/minute is the same as doing jogging. Indonesia has various traditional dances with the music beats above 130beats/minute. The series of movements in traditional dances with the beats above 130 beats/minute will influence children’s aerobics capasity. The research questions are; how big is the influence of movements in a traditional dance towards children’s aerobics capacity? What is the teachers’ participation on the design of movements in a traditional dance? Experimental method with pre-test and post-test design is used in this research. The research instrument is 12-minute running test. The samples of the research are students of Cisitu elementary school. The teachers participation on the design of the movements of the traditional dance is conducted in two steps. The first step is observing the movements of the traditional dances. And the second is to design series of traditional dances. The used instruments are questionnaire and interview, trials of series of traditional dances on students of gymnastics extracuricullar activity, teachers of Elementary School Teachre Education and teachers of elementary schools in Bandund area. The teachers‘ participation in the series of traditional dances shows supports on upper and lower gestures extremities. The conclusion is the series of traditional dance movements influence childrens’ aerobics capacity. Teachers are more interested in their own body movements. The recommendation is that rhythmic activities learning materials must be delivered in elementary schools and the freedom of expression must be given to the children.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


131.

DEVELOPING FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT BASED COOPERATIVE LEARNING MODEL IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
Made Agus Wijaya

The aim of this research is to develop a fundamental movement based on cooperative learning model through motion card aids in primary school. It is a research and development study with developmental design proposed by Borg & Gall. This research were administered to 4th grade elementary students in Buleleng Regency-Bali Province. Try-outs in small groups were conducted to groups of 15 students. Try-outs in big groups were conducted to groups of 96 students. Then, the try-out of the product was administered to a group of 28 students. The data were gathered through observation, questionnaire, and tests of skills on fundamental movement. The data analysis was conducted descriptively, qualitatively, and quantitatively
The research results showed: 1) cooperative learning model based on basic motion has met the standards of theoretical and practical in the field of motion, according to the content Physical Education, Sport and Health/ PESH learning and media learning, 2) the practical of learning model was seen from the carried out of learning that achieved an average of 93,22 % on the small groups trials, large groups trials and products testing, 3) the effectiveness of the model was reviewed from (3) three aspects: a) the students opinion on the learning, with the students’ score of formative class evaluation/ FCE reached 2.89 of the maximum score 3.00, b) students opinions about the learning media, with the results 94,75% of the students (127 students out of 135 students) gave positive opinion on the motion card series PESH basic motion, and c) the test results of the students’ fundamental movement skills, based on t-test obtained t-count result 17,716; p-value < α = 0.05.
Based on the results of research and discussion, the conclusions of this study are: 1) the development of fundamental movement based on cooperative learning model through motion card aids has been validated by the expert of movements, the expert of PESH contents, the expert of learning model, and PESH practitioners, (2) fundamental movement based on cooperative learning model through motion card aids on fundamental movement series is empirically-proven effective to be implemented by teachers and students, and is also effective in improving the students’ fundamental movement skills

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


132.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING MODEL BASED ON BALI LOCAL WISDOM (TRI PRAMANA CONCEPT) FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORT AND HEALTH SUBJECT IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL
I KETUT YODA

The purpose of this study was to develop a cooperative learning model based on Bali local wisdom (PKBKL), for physical education, sport and health subject in VII grade of Junior High School learning in Singaraja – Buleleng – Bali.
This study was a research and development based on Dick and Carey design. The development of model and learning devices were conducted through four phases, namely: (1) identification of needs analysis phase, (2) design development and draft models of PKBKL, and lesson plan phase, (3) testing (expert review, tryout, and implementation) phase. Try out in small group was conducted in VII-3 grade Junior High School of Laboratorium Undiksha in academic year 2013/2014, tryout in large number of students was conducted in X VII b grade Junior High School of Santo Paulus Singaraja in the academic year 2014/2015, and for the implementation of the model were conduct in 3 (three) schools, namely: SMPN 2 Singaraja, SMPN 3 Singaraja, and SMP Laboratorium Undiksha in academic year 2014/2015. The data were collected by using documentation, test, non-test, questionnaire, and observation. The data were descriptively analyzed.
The result of this study were: (1) PKBKL model has been fulfilled the criteria of a learning model namely: syntax, social system, instructional and nurturing effect, (2) PKBKL model is model that valid, practice, and effective, (3) practicality of the learning equipment (Lesson plan), is in the high category.
Based on the result of this study, there are two things that are recommended: (1) in order the steps of learning models can be implemented correctly, the teacher needs to have an understanding about cooperative learning of Student Team Achievement Division type (STAD) and the concepts of scientific approach well, (2) the model of PKBKL can be well done in penjasorkes learning, if the teachers understand about the concept of Tri Pramana, so that when the teachers of physical education, sport and health want to implement this PKBKL model first must be learnt and mastered the concept of Tri Pramana.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


133.

DETERMINATION OF ASSIGNMENT PORTFOLIO APPLICATION BASED ON FIRST SEMESTER STUDENT GYMNASTICS COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES
Ranu Baskora A.P, Agus Widodo, Andry Akhiruyanto

Summary
The main problem is based less optimal utilization of spare time outside of college students in studying achieve competency. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of portfolio-based assignment model of student learning on outcomes of the gymnastic course one. This study is a cross sectional survey study. The method used surveys with quantitative approach simple regression analysis to determine the extent and effect relationship with the portfolio-based assignment model of learning outcomes floor exercises. The research location in semarang state univesity with samples of 232 physical education students level 1. The results of this study, the effects of the learning portfolio on course exercises influence on learning outcomes by R = 0,926 including useful categories and shows the positive direction. The Coefficient of determination (R2) of 0,858. Student results gymnastics course looks can be known from the craft students create portfolios gymnastics course by 85%. Suggestions assignment portfolio through monotoring evaluation should require students should always actively learn to create works of writing, learn practical gymnastic exercise and physical movement as supporting the motion.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


134.

The Influence TGfU and Cooperative Learning Model as well Motor Ability to Learn Results Football Basic Skills
Luqman Hakim, S.Pd. (a), Herman Subarjah, Dr., M.Si. (b)

The purpose of this study examine the influence TGFU and Cooperative learning model as well as motor skills to learn results of football basic skills. The learning model Teaching Games for Understanding and Cooperative learning grouped by high and low of motor skills. The method used in this study using an experimental method with 2x2 factorial design. The study was conducted in Muhammadiyah Kab. Garut junior high school. The population is all class VIII students of Muhammadiyah junior high school. The sampling technique used in this research is purposive random sampling. The sample in this study amounted to 48 students were divided into 4 groups. Instruments in this study include: (1) Barrow mototr ability test to measure motor skills, (2) Test of football basic skills. ANOVA analysis results indicate, cooperative learning and TGFU model give influence on the learn result the basic skills of football. There is interaction between the learning model and motor ability of football basic skills.TGFU learning model at a high level motor skills provide better influence to learn result of football basic skills. Cooperative learning model is better than the TGFU at a low level of motor skills to learn result of football basic skills.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


135.

Resistance Training ModelsBased Traditional Games For Junior High School Ages
I Wayan Repiyasa, Moch.Asmawi, Made Agus Wijaya, Nadya D. Oktafiranda, Sandey Tantra P.

This study aims to produce products such as books endurance exercises based traditional games. The method in this research is the method of Borg and Gall consisting of ten steps. Junior male student research subject in Badung.
The final results of this study guide books and video models endurance exercise-based models of traditional games. the amount of the final model 15 models that have been through the evaluation and testing. pretest and posttest results data by t test 0.05 level of significance. pretest and posttest results obtained tO = 10:35 is greater than the significance tt = 0.00 (significance level 0.05), null hypothesis is rejected. concluded, there is a significant difference between pretest and posttest results-based endurance exercise traditional games, the average yield pretest n mean = 5:16 is smaller than the average posttest mean = 3.84. The count in minutes, increased by 1:32 minutes.
concluded, the model based on endurance exercise traditional game effectively used to improve the durability of the results of the child.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


136.

THE EFFECT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HEALTHY BEHAVIOR TOWARD CONCENTRATION, ANXIETY AND CORTISOL HORMONE
Jajat Darajat KN, Nuryadi, Agus Gumilar

This study aimed to get empirical evidence and facts of how the correlation and contribution between physical fitness, healthy behavior towards concentration, anxiety and salivary cortisol hormone response on the elementary school students.
The method is one-shot case study with a population of elementary school students in West Java. The data were taken at random based on geographic characteristics, approximately in ten months. Its taken was physical fitness, healthy behavior, anxiety, salivary cortisol hormone response.
The results showed: 1) there was a significant correlation between physical fitness with concentration level at p-0.000, amount of contribution is 24.6%; 2) there was a significant correlation between physical fitness with anxiety at p-0.003, amount of contribution is 4.9%; 3) there was a significant correlation between physical fitness with salivary cortisol hormone response at p-0.015, amount of contribution 3.9%; 4) there was a significant correlation between healthy behavior with a concentration level at p-0.000, amount of contribution is 6.6%; 5) There was a significant correlation between health behavior with anxiety at p-0.000 amount of contribution is 9%; 7) there was no significant correlation between healthy behavior with salivary cortisol hormone response at p-0,244 amount of contribution is 0.3%.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


137.

The analysis of the effectivity of physical education learning process and school environment based on character education
Mulyana & Adang Suherman

This research revealed the correlation among the model implementation of character education, infrastructure in physical education learning, teachers’ perception, students and daily format of physical education learning process. This research involved 20 schools in Bandung. It analysed the support of physical education infrastructure in the learning process of physical education orientated to character education. The instruments used were instruments that related to the processes and the products of physical education based on students’ perception. It covers sport fields, size of land, sport equipments and many more. Based on the result of the analysis, it is discovered that there is correlation coefficient between infrastructure and learning effectivity of 0.396 with the probability of 0.000<0.05. It concludes that the correlation between the two variables is in line with low level of correlation. The analysis of the hypothesis is accepted which means that there is a significant correlation between infrastructure and learning effectivity. In detailed description the correlation coefficient between external supporting factors, students attitude and students skills with learning effectivity are of 0.505 (P=0.000), 0.439(P=0.000) and 0.533 (P=0.000) respectively. It shows that the correlation of each variable is in line with learning effectivity, with each probability score of <0.005. The analysis of hypothesis is accepted which means that the correlation between external supporting factors, students attitude and students skills with learning effectivity exists.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


138.

APPLICATION OF GAME MODELS TO INCREASE STUDENTS’ PARTICIPATION IN LEARNING ROUNDERS GAME ACTIVITY
Ikbal Kemal Fikri Mudjihartono ikbalkemal@gmail.com mas.mudjihartono@gmail.com

This study aims to reveal whether the application of game models in learning rounders game activity in physical education learning can increase students’ participation. This research is conducted by class action research method contains of action planning stages, action, observation and reflection. Data obtained by using participation observation instrument. All data analyzed by using percentage technique, students’ participation scores in observation pre-cycle is 19%, then after doing the research in cycle 1 the students’ participation score is 53% increase 34% in cycle 1, then in cycle 2 the students’ participation score is 84% increase 31%. According to the data analysis, it could be concluded that through the application of game models in learning rounders game activity in physics education can increase students’ participation.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


139.

MODEL DEVELOPMENT OF CLASSIFICATION OF HOMOGENEOUS CLASS LEARNING IN AQUATIC
Helmy Firmansyah

Grouping are based on the view that in addition to these students have in common, also have differences. Similarities exist in student placement of thinking gave birth to the same group, while the differences that exist in childbirth students thought their grouping in different groups. In other words, grouping is the convergence of teaching classical system and individual system. Rapid development so that students do not interfere with a slow student and vice versa (students who do not interfere with rapid slow), then perform the grouping students. The purpose of this study was inginmengetahui whether the use of grouping students in learning strategies aquatic activities have an effect on student learning outcomes. RnD research methods (research and development) with the length of study for 3 years. The first year of the study, the second year of three years of development and socialization of grouping students based learning model. Participants in this study were students FPOK UPI that follows the course of learning aquatic.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


140.

EFFORTS TO IMPROVE THE RESULT OF LEARNING GYMNASTICS
Fadillah Aditia Rachman Helmy Firmansyah Aditia_didit21@yahoo.com helmy.firmansyah@upi.edu

This research is a study of efforts to improve student learning outcomes which was done in SMPN 3 Lembang. With the lack of student learning outcomes which is still below average, the researcher wants to conduct action research to support student learning outcomes or skills. In school, learning physical education is only taught by the teacher without giving a chance of an interaction between teachers and students as well as the lack of modification and learning, this causes the students do not participate equitably during the lesson. Research conducted by action research method or classroom action research using research design developed by Kurt Lewin consisting of stages of the action planning. Those stages are action, observation, and reflection. The research was conducted on 37 students of class VIII E SMPN 3 Lembang consisting of 18 male students and 19 female students. The research process was divided into two cycles and each cycle consisting of two acts. Data were collected using observation instruments in which there were tests, field notes, documentation. All data were analyzed using the technique of percentage. The results of data analysis showed that the application of rear roller tools can improve student learning outcomes and improve the quality of the learning process and the quality of physical education.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


141.

LITERACY AND STATISTICAL REASONING OF STUDENT OF SPORTS
Nidaul Hidayah, Msi

Literacy and statistical reasoning is very important for students exercise for the student activities sport many things that can be used as statistical learning both in the game, the results of tests and measurements, predict the achievements that can be achieved by the process of training, see the relationships between the variables with variables more. This paper attempts to describe the literacy skills and statistical reasoning sports students through an instrument with respect to the introduction of this kind of data, probability, reading tables, describe, and explain it with a bar graph or pie, explain variability, reading, calculating and explaining the mean, median and mode. This instrument was tested to the 50 students of sport science so that the results are as follows, of all students is only 26% that has the ability above 30% while others are below 30%, while visits of each material was the introduction of types of data 56%, reading tables, describe and explain the chart is 49%, the probability of 27%, 33% explained variability, reading, calculating and explaining the mean, median and mode of 16.32%. The results of this study indicate that literacy and reasoning statistics student sports are still insufficient and study the statistics for this for students sport has not reached the effort to understand the concept, practice literacy skills and statistical reasoning, hence improving the literacy skills of statistical reasoning and statistical indispensable for students of sport

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


142.

PSYCHOMOTOR THERAPY (PMT) FOR AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN THE SETTING OF INCLUSIVE SCHOOLS IN BANDUNG
Yudy Hendrayana*, Febriana Pratiwi**

The purpose of the study is to find out the influence of psychomotor therapy (PMT) in decreasing autistic children’s hand flapping in inclusive schools. The method used in single subject research using A-B-A design. The site of the study is an inclusive school in Bandung namely Mutiara Bunda. To be the sample of the study is an autistic child identified to do hand-flapping. To collect the data needed, this study uses observation. The results show that the frequency of hand-flapping on baseline 1 (A1) happens most frequently (1 time), yet after having intervention (B), its frequency decreases into three time, and on baseline 2 (A2) there is the least frequency (1 time). Based on the results, it can be concluded that psychomotor therapy can decreases autistic children’s hand-flapping in inclusive schools.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


143.

Effects of Exercise Repetition Method Against Crescent Kick Speed Pencak Silat athletes PPLP Dispora Riau Province
Ginan Nugroho

The problem for this study is the low speed of the crescent kick Pencak Silat athletes PPLP Dispora Riau caused by lack of exercise repetitions. Crescent kick velocity can be increased one repetition training method. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there Repetition Effects of Exercise Method Against Crescent Kick Speed Athletes Pencaksilat PPLP Dispora Riau Province.

This research is an experiment. Design this study uses two times the research design. The initial tests (test Pree) are denoted. O_1 and final test (post-test) are marked with O_2. Population and sample for this study are Pencak Silat athletes PPLP Dispora Riau province, amounting to eight people. For the processing of the data in this study to test the crescent kick and techniques of data analysis using the t-test formula.

Based on data analysis, the value obtained is 11.19 t_hitung then consulted on the results of these calculations t_tabel with 0.5% free degree, then obtained t_tabel 1895. T_hitung means greater than t_tabel, thus there are significant differences between the results of the initial test and final test. The data analysis also gives the conclusion that an increase in 15.13% of the comparison results of the initial test and final test.

Based on the above results, it can be concluded that the proposed hypothesis is proven that there is a significant influence on the Repetition Exercise Method Crescent Kick Speed Pencak Silat athletes PPLP Dispora Riau Province.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


144.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF VOLLEY BALL TEACHING CURRICULUM BASED ON INDONESIAN NATIONAL QUALIFICATION FRAMEWORK
DEWI ENDRIANI

This research is specifically aimed for: (1) The Development of Volley Ball Teaching Curriculum Based on Indonesian National Qualification Framework (2) Realizing the goal of Sport Coaching Department of Education of State University of Medan through the development of Volley Ball teaching curriculum Based on Indonesian National Qualification Framework and Government Regulation Number 40 and 41 year 2014 (3) the effective use of volley ball teaching curriculum Based on Indonesian National Qualification Framework and Government Regulation Number 40 and 41 year 2014 in the Sport Coaching Department of Education of State University of Medan (4) the realization of standard competence of graduates based on Indonesian National Qualification Framework in volley ball subject (5) The arrangement of teaching materials and the model of volley ball subject based on Indonesian National Qualification Framework.
This research used 3 steps of approach and development, i.e. (1) analyzing problems and needs (2) compiling materials and teaching learning model (3) trialing materials and developed-model.
The instruments used were observation, documentation, interview, notes from volley ball subject lecturers, students and the province management of North Sumatran Volley ball Union as well as observation sheets.
This research resulted module draft (teaching material) and volleyball learning model based on Indonesian National Qualification Framework. The result of the following result was the compilation of Syllabus, RPS and learning model based on Indonesian National Qualification Framework.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


145.

The Development of Hockey 25
Yan Indra Siregar, Ibrahim

This research is aimed to propose an alternative choice in Hockey 25 by developing the model of “Hockey 25” play as an effort to give contribution to the development of hockey. The subject of the research was hockey athletes of Indonesia Bangkit Hockey School under Unimed Hockey Club, who practice at State university of Medan, North Sumatra. In the first year, this research resulted draft of the final model of Hockey 25 play. In the second year, this research resulted final model of Hockey 25 play and in the third year, this research tried to compile Hockey 25 Play learning CD and a book contained of Hockey 25 rules.
In a research, a proper method is needed and to reveal the problem whose result will be analyzed, the method used in this research was adjusted with the problems and the aim of the research. It means research method has an important role in compiling and analyzing the data. The method used in the research was qualitative approach as well as research and development method. Based on research and development approach method, the conducted steps were collecting research information, making final model plan, final model trial, final model revision and final model validation and dissemination.
A final model of hockey 25 play was compiled to become an alternative choice to develop hockey in North Sumatra. The main target of this research is making learning media in the form of Learning CD and Book on Rules of a play.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


146.

Physical Education Classroom Management Effectiveness
Eva Yulianti, SE, M.Sc; Yansen H. Jutalo, M.Pd; Heni Widyaningsih, SE, M.SE

The national
 quality of education is a major concern and
 governments continue to address this need 
through reforms and policies aimed at improving the quality of teaching and teacher
education. Classroom management studies of effective
 teaching have focused on the behavioural 
aspects of teaching and highlighted important features of good teaching.
This article investigates classroom influences as identified by a group of 75 pre- service physical education teachers – after the completion of a four week practicum experience - and a group of 65 in-service physical education teachers with varying years of teaching experience. Variables such as gender and mastery of the teaching situation gained through years of teaching experience will be analyzed to detect any significant differences or trends. Results of the study gained through quantitative analysis will be outlined and interpreted. Recommendations will be made for the provision of more relevant pedagogical programs and strategies to assist future pre-service physical education teachers develop competence in classroom management.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


147.

THE VALUES EXPLORATION OF PERCEPTUAL MOTOR, SOCIOMOTOR, MOTOR-FITNESS ABILITY, AND CHARACTERS IN TRADITIONAL GAME OF ‘JEGLUG.’
Badruzaman

The purpose of the research is to unveil the values of ‘Jeglug,’ covering; perceptual motor value, socio motor, motor-fitness and characters. The method used was qualitative method. And the sample of the research was the situation of ‘Jeglug’ game that was played by 40 Indonesia University of Education’s students. The research used triangulate technique. The analysis of the research used Miles and Hubberman Model. The result shows that the perceptual motor values were unveiled when the players learnt bodies’ awareness of space and direction in offense and defense positions, bodies’ awareness of controlling distance from opponents’ position and allies’ offence positions. Bodies’ awareness of running in the right direction to catch the opponents, timing awareness of controlling the proper and speed of movements, concentration training, bodies’ fast reaction and fast anticipation to anticipate opponents’ sudden offence, setting offence strategies.
Socio-motor values were unveiled when the players communicated with each others to form two groups, to appoint leaders of each groups, to accept the leaders, to be assigned, to control running at the same time, to remind each others in guard position, to discuss first before finishing the play, to help freeing captured allies, to queue when the players were captured. The value was unveiled also when the players cooperated when they watched the guards, when they helped each others running after flee prisoners, and when they communicated with each others when they would attack ‘jegluj.’
Motor fitness values were unveiled when the players did feet explosive at the moment they started to run, when they ran as fast as they could to run after their targets, when they ran in free directions, when they maintained their balance when the suddenly stopped running, when they tried to coordinate their feet, arms and eyes when they touched the opponents.
Character values were unveiled when the players were being honest when they got caught, when they had to be discipline and fully responsible when they were in guard position, when they had to try hard to catch the opponents as many as they could, when they had to obey the rules of the game, when they had to accept their situations when they were captivated or when they lost the game.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


148.

The Implementation of Cooperative Learning Model in Volleyball Learning
Carsiwan*, Raneta Mahalika Safari

Teaching system cooperative learning can be defined as a system of work or study groups are structured. There are five key elements in the teaching model of cooperative learning is positive interdependence, individual responsibility, personal interaction, collaboration skills, and group process. So that with the implementation of teaching model cooperative learning is expected to improve student learning outcomes. With the learning process of this group of students will be motivated to perform the learning activities to the fullest. The aim of this study is to improve and enhance student learning outcomes through cooperation attitude of students in volleyball at SMAN I Soreang. Through the implementation of cooperative learning model. The method used is the method of classroom action research (PTK). Subject of research is the class X IPA 6. Procedures research done include: planning, execution, observation, analysis and reflection. Instruments used in this research that RPP, note observers, pieces of research, field notes, and the tools for documenting learning activities. Summary of improvement of learning outcomes achieved from the implementation of the teaching model of cooperative learning, namely: In the affective aspects, the average value of the cycle I was 84, cycle II is 89. In the cognitive aspects, the average value in the cycle I was 78, cycle II is 82. In psychomotor aspects, the average value in the cycle I was 73, cycle II is 82. The success achieved not in spite of the constraints is difficult to design a lesson plan (RPP) and the activities of the learning process is sometimes not in accordance with the plan. The solution is by way of discussing it with the thesis supervisor to reflect the results of the assessment of each cycle and minimize deficiencies occur. Based on these achievements, it can be concluded that the teaching model of cooperative learning can enhance the cooperation attitude of students and improve student learning outcomes in learning volleyball in class X SMA Negeri I IPA 6 Soreang.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


149.

PERSONAL TRAINING PROGRAMES FOR INDONESIAN LONG JUMPER
Eka Nugraha (a*), Firmansyah Dlis (b), Moh.Asmawi (b)

This research was concerned with applying of parameter test based on long jump program for improving of Junior Indonesian athlete performance. The method used in research was an action research through parameter test application that was adjusted to the rules and characteristic of double periodized long jump training, and its was conducted with 10 action phases. Its was helped by 2 coaches as collaborator, who were intensively active in Prae observation, Planning, Actions, Observation, and Reflection. The result of the research found out that the parameters test applied in the personal training program had successfully improve the long jump personal best performance to the Championship 23rd SEA Games 2005 in Philipines in line with the average of parameter test result more than 90 %.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


150.

The Physical Conditions of Pencak silat Athletes at SMAN 1 Bluto
Frengki Yudis Prasetyo

ABSTRACK
SMAN 1 Bluto’s Pencak Silat athlete for 5 years has been facing achievement decrease and one factor of influencing achievement is athlete’s physical condition. This study identified SMAN 1 Bluto’s Pencak Silat athlete’s physical condition focusing on arm muscle durability, abdominal muscles durability,cardiovascular durability, speed and agility. This study is a quantitative research with descriptive approach. Through measurement test toward 25 athletes, it was found that the athletes phisical condition of; 1.) arm muscles durability is categories bad; 2.) abdominal muscles durability is bad; 3.) cardiovascular durability is bad; 4.) speed is good; and 5.) agility is good. From the findings it can be concluded that SMAN 1 Bluto’s Pencak Silat athlete’s phisical condition is categorized bad. Additional exercise schedule is needed to improve Pencak Silat athletes’s phisical condition.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


151.

THE INFLUENCE OF TEACHING GAME APPROACH IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION ON CREATIVITY,CONCENTRATION,LOCOMOTOR,AND MANIPULATIVE SKILLS OF THE STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
Y.S. Yusakarim(a*), Herman Subarjah(a), Jajat Darajat (a)

Abstract
The purpose the research is to gain empirical evidence about the impact of adaptive physical education (Ape) by game teaching approach on creativity, concentration, loco motor, and manipulative skills of deaf students. It is an experimental research with Pretest-post test only design. The population is the deaf students in West Java; and the sample is taken through total sample technique with geographical criteria such as coast area, mountainous area, and flat area. The coast is represented by 10 students of SLB Pahlawan Indramayu and 22 students of SLB Pancaran Kasih Cirebon; the flat is represented by 14 students of SLB Budi Nurani Sukabumu, and 14 students of SLB Mekaersari Bogor; and the mountanious area is represented by 22 students of SLB Cicendo and 7 students of SLB Tarbiyatul Mutaalimin Subang. The instrument used here consists of creativity inquiry; concentration inquiry, and loco motor and manipulative test. The result is as followings;1)Ape with game teaching approach does not give any impact on increasing the creativity 2) Ape with game teaching approach has no impact on increasing concentration,3)Ape with game teaching approach has no impact on increasing loco motor and manipulative capabilities of deaf students. However. some improvements still take place in all schools

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


152.

THE INFLUENCE OF TEACHING GAME APPROACH IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION ON, CONCENTRATION, LOCOMOTOR, NON-LOCOMOTOR, AND MANIPULATIVE SKILLS OF MENTAL-RETARDED STUDENTS
Y.S. Yusakarim(a*), Herman Subarjah(a), Yunyun Yudiana (a), Beltasar Tarigan (a)

The purpose the research is to gain empirical evidence about the impact of adaptive physical education (Ape) by game teaching approach on creativity, concentration, loco motor, and manipulative skills of deaf students. It is an experimental research with Pretest-post test only design. The population is the deaf students in West Java; and the sample is taken through total sample technique with geographical criteria such as coast area, mountainous area, and flat area. The sample is represented by 25 students of SLB Beringin Cirebon and 20 students of SLB Citeureup Cimahi; 17 students of SLB Negeri Subang, and 22 students of SLB Permata Ciranjang Cianjur; 7 students of SLB YPLAB Lembang. The instrument used here consists of creativity inquiry; concentration inquiry, and loco motor and manipulative test. The results show that there is improvement in terms of locomotor, non-locomotor, manipulative, and concentration.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


153.

The Diversity in Teaching PE and Sport at Schools : What is learning for?
Dr. Bambang Abduljabar, M.Pd.

Physical Education (PE) and Sport at Schools has become one idea. Learning in PE in term of learning of the physical is also means learning of Sport. Then, since sport has own values was also known as learning through sport. Learning of and through the physical or sport was assumed as learning in PE lesson. Observing on national PE Curriculum was founded that teaching PE and Sport has many intended learning outcomes. Elaborating by type, processes, and goals, learning in PE tend to be learning of sport. Learning to be physically educated person seem as learning to be sport people. In the end of paper was described learning in how to oriented the learning process.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


154.

Movement analysis in Outbound Games By Age Group
Muhamad Ihsan (a), Sufyar Mudjianto (b*), Teten Hidayat (c)

The purpose of this study was to determine the motion of the game outbound grouping based on groups of motion.The study design used is pre-experimental design, the motion in the game aware outbound grouping based on groups of motion.Samples were students aged 7-12 years SDN Pasanggrahan located on Highway Palka Km. 8 Pabuaran, Serang district, Banten.The sampling technique used purposive sampling. The instrument used is using motion tests locomotor, non-locomotor movement tests, and tests of motion manipulative.Analysis of the data in this study using SPSS series 20 with the test equipment used, among others: the test for normality by Kolmogorov-Smirnov, homogeneity test with lavene statistic, and test average with independent sample test is to see the average score sample groups of students ages 7-8, 9-10, 11-12 years old. For data normality test results are normal and the data homogeneity test result is homogeneous, so as to test the average using parametric tests. This research can be concluded based on the results of data analysis suggests that there is motion in the game outbound grouping based on groups of motion.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


155.

The Learning of Physical Education, Sports, and Health through the Lesson Study Approach
Herka Maya Jatmika*, Made Kurnia Widiastuti Giri**

This study aim to: 1) investigate the lesson study implementation of the physical education, sports, and health in the Technical Implementation Unit (TIU) of the Teacher Work Group (TWG) of the physical education in South Yogyakarta, 2) find out the effects of the learning process of the physical education, sports, and health through the lesson study approach, and 3) find out the collegial relationship and mutual learning that occur in developing the learning community.
This study was an action research involving research subjects consisting of four teachers of physical education, sports, and health in the TIU of the TWG of the physical education in South Yogyakarta. The research were divided into two cycles. Each of cycles consists of three steps. Plan, Do, See are the steps for each cycles. The data were collected through observations, interviews, and documents. The obtained data were analyzed through the steps of: 1) coding, 2) data reduction, 3) data verification, and 4) data interpretation.
The results of the qualitative descriptive analysis showed that, 1) lesson study can be applied and performing well on the learning of physical education, sports, and health, 2) the learning of physical education, sports, and health through the lesson study approach give a positive impact to the teachers who were directly involved in this activity and learn to be more passionate and fun, and 3) the learning physical education, sports, and health conducted by the lesson study approach was established to make learning teachers more active, help each other, and the collegial relationship more closely interwoven with.
The lesson study implementation in the physical education, sports, and health education was enthusiastically attended by teachers and provided new experiences in planning, implementing, and evaluating the learning of the physical education, sports, and health useful for the teachers and students. Workshops on the lesson study should be started with teachers in all school levels by involving higher institutions and schools that have implemented the lesson study. The lesson study activities should be directed to be based on the Subject Matter Teacher Forum (SMTF) or TWG as an association of subject matter teachers in order to make the lesson study implementation more effective and meaningful. It is suggested that further studies should be more comprehensively conducted by involving more facilitators and teachers of the physical education, sports, and health.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


156.

Contributions Character and Physical Fitness Against Student Learning Achievement of Majoring Sport Science State University of Padang
Bafirman

Student achievement is affected by character and physical fitness. The research was purposed to find out the contribution of character, Physical fitness and both of them together on learning achievement.
The researcher used descriptive correlational design. The sampel of the reseaarch was the student of sport science of the semester Juli-Desember 2015 who study at least 3 semester. As the instrument of the research, questionaire, multi-stage test, grade point were used. To analyze the data, it used descriptive and inferential statistical.
The result showed that the Character gave 9,7%, contribution to learning achievement. Physical fitness gave sequentially 24,4% contribution to learning achievement. And both character and Physical Fitness gave 25,9% contribution to learning achievement.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


157.

Improving the Quality of Primary School Students Physical Fitness Through the Control Books Physical Fitness
Bafirman

The quality of physical fitness is the initial capital for children to achieve physical fitness further, and the development of motor skills, affective, and cognitive. Based on the results of previous studies, most of the low quality of the physical fitness of elementary school students (SD). Through the application of physical fitness control book is expected to be more effective for improving the quality of physical fitness of elementary school students. Application of fitness control book is to know and control the state of physical fitness of students. Develop and validate the control of physical fitness book that comes with guidebooks and manuals to implement a program of exercise and physical fitness control books for elementary school students grade three, four and five. The implications of the development of exercise programs and physical fitness control book, as a guide for teachers and policymakers to the Department of Education and the Department of Youth and Sports

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


158.

BARRIERS TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY ON UNIVERSITY STUDENT
Jajat, Kuston Sultoni, Adang Suherman

The purpose of the research is to analyze the factors that become barriers to physical activity in university students based on physical activity level. An internet-based survey was conducted. The participants were 99 University students from Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Barriers to Physical Activity Quiz (BPAQ) were used to assessed the factors that become barriers to physical activity in university students. IPAQ (short form) were used to assessed physical activity level. The results show there was no differences BPAQ based on IPAQ level. But when analyzed further based on seven factors barriers there are differences in factors “influence from others” based IPAQ level. Based on this it was concluded that the “influence from other” an inhibiting factor on students to perform physical activity.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


159.

The Construct Validity of Basic Skill Test Instrument of Playing Badminton in Elementary School Students: An Introductory Research
Yusuf Hidayat Yunyun Yudiana Burhan Hambali Oom Rohmah

This research is aimed to estimate the construct validity of basic skill test instrument of playing badminton objectively and subjectively in the basic skill of high service and clear lob. This research was conducted to students of one elementary school in Bandung, Indonesia in the age of 10-12 years old. The instrument used in the research was the instrument developed by Hidayat (2014) with dimension assessment of preparation, execution and final result of the hit. The analysis was done using content validity (Lawshe’s CVR) and factorial validity (the analysis of exploratory factor). The result of the analysis shows that the estimation of content validity ranges from 0.20 to 1.00, and factorial validity was obtained eigenvalues from 0.52 until 0.89. This initiate phase of validity value shows that the test instrument of badminton has been proven constructively valid in measuring the capability of the elementary students’ basic skill in playing badminton

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


160.

The Validity Estimation of the Content of Assessment Instrument Based on Volleyball Information System toward Volleyball Learning: An Introductory Research
Yunyun Yudiana Yusuf Hidayat Burhan Hambali Suherman Slamat

This research is aimed to estimate the validity value of the content of assessment instrument in playing volleyball based on volleyball information system (VIS) toward the basic skill of service, receive, set, block, spike, and dig. The research was conducted to 12 college students as practitioners and 5 lecturers as the volleyball academics called Subject Matter Experiment (SME). This introductory research was conducted in Bandung, Indonesia by doing Focus Group Discussion (FGD) to assess the compatibility of basic skill items that are developed in assessing students’ performances in playing volleyball. The instrument used was modified from VIS and developed by Federation International Volleyball (FIVB) in 2005 with 6 main assessment criteria that are of service, receive, set, block, spike, and dig. The result of the data analysis using the estimation of content validity (Lawshe’s CVR), ratio value was obtained between 0.60 until 1.00. The value was over the minimum limit of characteristic value of 0.50 as the acceptable limit of ratio value. Thus, this initiate phase of validity result shows that assessment instrument based on VIS has been proven valid in contents to measure the performance of senior high school students’ volleyball playing

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


161.

EFFECT OF TACTICAL APPROACH TO CONTROL OF MOTION TO LAY-UP SHOOT BASKETBALL GAME IN SMP NEGERI 12 BANDUNG
Masita Sekar Kinanthi, Tite Juliantine

This study aims to determine how much influence the tactical approach to the mastery models motion Lay-Up Shoot the basketball game. The method used in this study is an experimental method by using a pretest-posttest control group design. Sampling by using purposive sampling that 24 students from 60 populations. Where that becomes the sample was female student of class VII.
The result of the calculation and analysis of the data showed a significant increase mastery motion Lay-Up Shoot using a model of tactical approaches in SMP Negeri 12 Bandung is-3.136 and ttable for 95% significance level and degrees of freedom (df) = 22 obtained table = 2.073. Value -thitung <-ttabel (-3.136 <-2.073) and P value (0.005 <0.05), then Ho is rejected, it means that there is a difference between the average value of the motion control of the lay-up shoot basketball with the control class average the value of the experimental class. T value means the average negative control class lower than the average of the experimental class, with a mean difference -2.583. This means that the value of the motion control of lay-up shoot basketball experimental class is greater than the value of the mastery of movement 2,583 lay-up shoot basketball control class.
Based on the research that the model approach to tactical and technical approach model has an influence on the motion control of Lay-Up Shoot and tactical approach model is more influential than the model approach to mastering techniques of motion Lay-Up Shoot.
The conclusion that the model tactical approach provides a more significant effect than model approach to mastering techniques of motion Lay-Up Shoot at SMP Negeri 12 Bandung.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


162.

Effect of Motivation and Learning Methods to Skills Freestyle Swimming Student Sport Science Faculty of the State University of Padang
Asep Sujana Wahyuri

The aim of this study was to find out the difference of learning Learning Motivation and Learning Methods (Combination of Style and Self Check Style with Video) effect an the Freestyle swimming Skill.
The researcher used experimental Method Design which was anava by level 2 x 2. The sample of this research was the student who can not swim which taken randomly.
The results showed that; (1). The combination of Style was better than the self check Style with Video. 2).There was interaction between the Method of Learning Style and Learning Motivation into the increasing of Freestyle Swimming skills. (3).The Students who had higher learning and taught by Combination Style Learning Method had better freestyle swimming skills. (4).The students who had lower learning motivation were better to used self check Style learning methods with Video to gain freestyle swimming skills.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


163.

BRAIN JOGGING TRAINING TO IMPROVE THE MOTIVATION AND LEARNING SKILLS OF TENNIS
Muhamad Tafaqur, Komarudin, Mulyana, Moch. Yamin S.

Abstract
This research aims to determine the effect of brain jogging training to increased motivation and learning outcomes tennis skills. The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this research is a tennis club athletes Core Siliwangi Bandung as many as 15 athletes. The sampling technique in this research using purposive sampling technique. The sample in this research is a tennis club athletes Core Siliwangi Bandung which amounted to 10 athletes. The design used in this research is a pretest-posttest group design. Data analysis techniques used in this research is to test t. Instruments for measuring motivation using a questionnaire The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS-28) and instruments to measure learning outcomes tennis skills using tennis skills tests, including (1) the test forehand, (2) test backhand, and (3) test placement service. Results showed that brain jogging training significantly affect the increase in motivation and learning outcomes tennis skills.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


164.

Core Competency Measurement Model for Prospective Physical Education Teacher
Suroto; Fifukha Dwi Khory; Vega Candra Dinata; and Anung Priambodo

Physical education teacher education refers to the policies and procedures designed to equip prospective physical education teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school and wider community. Indonesian Ministry of Education has issued Competency standard to be a school teacher (Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional nomor 16 tahun 2007 tentang Standar Kualifikasi Akademik dan Kompetensi Guru) that consisting of 24 core competences. No measurement instrument has been developed for measuring prospective physical education teacher’s competence level based on the national standard. The aim of this study is to develop an instrument for helping prospective physical education teacher to check to what extent their competence reach the government standard. In the first step, 24 questions were developed from each of 24 core competencies. And then, each question was equipped with 1 to 5 score options with description. After choosing the most suitable score, each answer was equipped with enough space for writing supporting data or argument. One hundred twenty volunteer students were randomly selected to fill out the instrument. The students’ grade point average (GPA) ware recorded form official university office. Data was analyzed by using Product Moment Correlation. The result shows that there is positive correlation between the scores and the student’s GPA. Considering by the finding, this instrument could be uses as a competency measurement tool for prospective physical education teachers.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


165.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING MEDIA in PHYSICAL EDUCATION SUBJECT BASED ON THE CURRICULUM OF 2013
(a) Sufyar Mudjianto (b)Lukman N L (a*) Arif Wahyudi

The aim of the research in the first year was doing anthropometric mapping to the students of SMTP in West Java as well as the compatibility usage of learning media in PJOK after physical education returned to be one of intra-curricular subjects in schools (Government Regulation No. 19 year 2005) that was adapted to the curriculum of 2013.
The research method used was analytic description with documentation study, survey and interview. The instrument used anthropometric data measurement and interview. The temporary result of calculation and data analysis is the use of formal ball in schools at physical education subject is not anthropometrically suitable; it is not suitable as well based on the applied principle of ergonometric.
The use of physical education learning media is concluded not suitable with anthropometric mapping, it is necessary to design a particular learning media that is suitable with the ergonometric principal of junior high school students in Indonesia.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


166.

CHARACTER-BASED LEARNING MODEL IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Adang Suherman, Kuston Sultoni, Hilda Ilmawati

The purpose of this study was intended to obtain an integrated character education model of physical education by using experimental methods with group pretest-posttest design in a class that is determined based on random cluster sampling. This stage begins with the selection of schools, training of physical education teachers, and experimental models of character education. Data collected from the learning process, pre and posttest and processed using t-tests. The result showed that the implementation of character values in teaching physical education increased with the addition of the frequency of the number of treatments Award; there are significant differences between the scores implementation of the values of characters in the beginning and the ending of treatment.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


167.

THE EFFECT OF EXERCISE METHOD AND HAND-EYE CORDINATION TOWARDS THE ACCURACY OF FOREHAND TOPSPIN IN TABLE TENNIS
Indra Safari, Adang Suherman, Mochammad Ali

In table tennis, an accurate hit should be possessed by an athlete in order to be able to anticipate and counter attack the opponent. A good and accurate stroke is a necessity. The aim of this research is to examine the effect of exercise method and hand-eye coordination towards the accuracy of forehand topspin in table tennis. The learning method applied here is Massed Practice and Distributed Practice, meanwhile hand-eye coordination cover high and low coordination. Experiment and factorial design 2x2 is used as the research method. The research subjects are 8 students involved in table tennis association (UKM) at UPI Sumedang district which is divided into 4 groups. Based on placed, high and low coordination with MPP treatment, high and low motor perceptual with MPDD treatment. As many as 16 meetings were conducted and Mannova analysis showed that there is a difference of accuracy in the forehand topspin strokes between trained students with massed practice and distributed practice. Distributed practice showed better performance. There is a difference between students or athletes who owned high and low hand-eye coordination towards their forehand topspin stroke accuracy in playing table tennis. Higher ability in motor skill has better results and the accuracy of forehand topspin between those who followed massed practice and distributed practice has also different results significantly with those who have higher and lower hand-eye coordination.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


168.

The Model of Flexibility Exercise for Young Athlet Sepaktakraw to Improve Sepaksila Ability
Iyakrus, Arizky Ramadhan

This study aims to produce a model of flexibility exercise for young athletes sepaktakraw which can be used to train trainers in the sport sepaktakraw in order to the improve sepaksila ability.
The research method used was the method of product development research in the form of flexibility exercise model for sepaktakraw young athletes carried out several stages which are: design draft of the initial product, validation experts, small group testing, the revised product, powerhouse trials, product revision, and final products.
Research subjects were young athletes sepaktakraw elementary school 147 Palembang South Sumatera amount to 20 athletes. Collecting data on the test phase using the observation and questionnaires dinalisis use on stage while the percentage of small-scale trials and large scale experiments performed by t test analisaa technique to determine the level of feasibility, effectiveness and quality of products.
The results have shown the effectiveness of the product with the following results: Model of Flexibility Exercise for Young Athlet Sepaktakraw to Improve Sepaksila Ability.
Could be concluded that the development model of flexibility exercise for sepaktakraw young athletes produce an effective product that can improve the sepaksila ability.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


169.

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TACTICAL APPROACH IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION TOWARDS MOTIVATION, PHYSICAL FITNESS, AND MOTORIC SKILLS
Ade Rokhayati* Lutfi Nur* Elan* Gilar Gandana*

The background of this research is most of the teachers apply traditional method in teaching sport subject. The approach applied is teacher center and students practice basic technique in particular sport. This technique doesn’t give good influences for the students in learning and they feel bored during teaching and learning process. The result is students gets low achievement in learning and their motoric system is not well trained. The purpose of this research is to compare the tactical approach to traditional approach to increase students’ motivation, physical fitness, and motoric system. Experimental quasi is used as the methodology design of this research. It also applied group pre-posttest control design. The result of this research is tactical approach can increase students’ motivation, physical fitness, and motoric system

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


170.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL CULTURAL BACKGROUND AND SPORT ACHIEVEMENT IN NORTH SUMATERA INDONESIA
Agung Sunarno and R. Syaifullah D. Sihombing

The aim of this research was to find out the relationship between social cultural background of people in North Sumatera province in Indonesia (helper, show off, dominate, self-ego, hard worker, independent) in relation to sport achievement. This research used descriptive method by reviewing existing literature. Sample of this research was 1076 athletes from 34 different group of sport that have been participating in National Sport Competition (PON) in years 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016. The result shows that nine different kind of self-defense group has been chosen by 291 athletes such as: fence, wrestling, Judo, Karate, Pencak Silat, Taekwondo, Tarung Drajat, Boxing and Whusu. In contrast, 567 athletes preferred to another kinds of sport than self-defense, 148 for measurable sport, 143 for accuracy sport, and 490 for games sport group. Eventually, self-defense athletes always contribute higher medals in each national sport competition event. In conclusion, the research shows that social-cultural background of people of North Sumatera has significant correlation to the sport achievement.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


171.

PENGEMBANGAN OLAHRAGA TRADISIONAL BERBASIS NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA UNTUK MENANGGULANGI KENAKALAN REMAJA DI KOTA BANDUNG (Olahraga Permainan Tradisional Sebagai Dasar Pengembangan Model)
Ahmad Hamidi, Sandey Tantra P, Encep Kusumah

Penelitian ini berupaya mencari alternatif penanganan anak yang terindikasi nakal dengan pendekatan nilai-nilai budaya melalui permainan olahraga kelompok berbasis permainan tradisional. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan research and development. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan: angket pengukuran intensitas dan indikator kenakalan, (2) pedoman observasi dan wawancara, (3) pedoman penilaian pakar, dan (4) instrumen efektivitas permainan olahraga tradisional. Penelitian tahun pertama, mencakup studi pendahuluan, validasi model dan uji model operasional. Pada studi pendahluan dilakukan kajian literature, asesmen kebutuhan dan validasi model hipotetik. Dari studi literature diperoleh rumusan konseptual kenakalan remaja. Dalam asesmen diperoleh kondisi objektif kenakalan anak remaja dengan jenis dan sebab-sebab terjadinya kenakalan, serta intensitas kenakalan. Diungkap pula ragam dan jenis permaianan, tujuan, sifat, waktu permaianan, jumlah yang terlibat, proses, alat dan bahan yang digunakan. Ahir kegiatan diperoleh model permainan olahraga kelompok tradisional berbasis nilai-nilai budaya sebagai model hipotetik.
Berikutnya validasi model, berisi validasi isi, validasi empirik dan revisi model hipotetik menjadi model operasional. Tujuannya terumuskannya model operasional permainan olahraga tradisional untuk ntervensi kenakalan remaja berbasis nilai-nilai budaya bagi anak-anak nakal di Kota Bandung. Melalui tahap ini diketahui tingkat kelayakan isi atau konsepsi dan operasional model yang memadai. Validasi isi dilakukan 4 ahli olahraga, Validasi isi oleh ahli ini dilakukan melalui teknik Delphi. Adapun validasi empirik dilakukan untuk memperoleh masukan pendukung pelaksana implementasi model dan masukan revisi model hipotetik menjadi model operasional. Selanjutnya dilakukan uji operasional untuk mengetahui efektivitas model. Uji efektivitas dilakukan melalui Quasi-eksperimental design, dengan rancangan Nonequivalent control Group. Subjek sasaran uji keefektifan model adalah siswa SMP Lab School UPI materinya; adalah satuanmaeri permainan olahraga tradisional disusun berdasarkan model olahraga tradisional berbasis berbasis nilai-nilai budaya.
Hasil penelitian menunjukan permainan olahraga kelompok tradisional berbaisis nilai-nilai budaya sangat urgen dilaksanakan bagi anak remaja yang terindikasi memiliki riwayat kenakalan di Kota Bandung. Hasil asesmen kebutuhan menunjukan anak yang memiliki riwayat kenakalan belum ditangani optimal. Model permainan olahraga kelompok tradisional berbasis nilai-nilai budaya juga teruji secara signifikan menurunkan kenakalan. Sehingga model permainan olahraga kelompok tradisional berbasis nilai-nilai budaya ini, direkomendasikan dimplementasikan dan diuji ditahun kedua. Implikasinya perlu dikaji lebih jauh untuk mengembangkan ilmu pengetahuan, pemecahan masalah pendidikan, pengembangan kelembagaan dan penelitian lebih lanjut.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


172.

Estimasi Content Validity Instrumen Penilaian Berbasis Volleyball Infromation System Pada Pembelajaran Bolavoli : Field Research
Yunyun Yudiana, Yusuf Hidayat, Burhan Hambali, Suherman Slamet

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengestimasi nilai validitas isi instrumen penilaian bermain bola voli berbasis volleyball information system (VIS) pada keterampilan dasar servis, receive, set, block, spike dan dig. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 12 orang mahasiswa sebagai praktisi dan lima orang dosen sebagai akademisi cabang olahraga bolavoli yang disebut sebagai Subject Metter Expert (SME). Penelitian pendahuluan ini dilaksanakan dikota Bandung Indonesia dengan melakukan Focus Group Discasion (FGD) untuk menilai kesesuaian item–item keterampilan dasar yang dikembangkan dalam menilai penampilan siswa ketika bermain bolavoli. Instrumen yang digunakan dimodifikasi dari VIS yang dikembangkan oleh Federation International Volleyball (FIVB) tahun 2005 dengan enam kriteria penilaian utama yaitu servis, receive, set, block, spike dan dig. Hasil analisis data menggunakan estimasi validitas isi (Lawshe’s CVR), diperoleh nilai rasio antara 0.60 sampai dengan 1.00. Nilai tersebut melebihi nilai kriteria batas minimal 0.50 sebagai batas nilai rasio yang bisa diterima. Dengan demikian, hasil validasi tahap awal ini menunjukkan bahwa instrumen penilaian berbasis VIS terbukti valid secara isi dalam mengukur penampilan bermain bolavoli untuk siswa sekolah menengah atas.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


173.

Implementasi Gaya Mengajar Divergent Dalam Konteks Kurikulum 2013 (Penelitian Tindakan pada Kelas Pendidikan Jasmani di SMA Negeri 4 Cimahi)
Suherman Slamet, Toto Subroto, Arian Sugrata

Abstract. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperbaiki proses pembelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani Olahraga dan Kesehatan (PJOK) khususnya mengembangkan berpikir kreatif melalui implementasi gaya mengajar divergent. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK), dilakukan sebanyak 2 siklus dan 4 tindakan. Tahapan penelitian meliputi: perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara, lembar penilaian, catatan lapangan dan catatan observer. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah nilai rata-rata. Rekapitulasi peningkatan hasil belajar yang dicapai atau secara keseluruhan adalah sebagai berikut; pada aspek kognitif (dalam hal ini adalah berpikir kreatif dalam memberikan respon/jawaban), nilai rata-rata pada siklus ke I adalah 78, siklus ke II adalah 82. Pada aspek psikomotor (dalam hal ini adalah gerakan bervariasi), nilai rata-rata pada siklus ke I adalah 73, siklus ke II adalah 82.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


174.

Implementasi Gaya Mengajar Divergent Dalam Konteks Kurikulum 2013 (Penelitian Tindakan pada Kelas Pendidikan Jasmani di SMA Negeri 4 Cimahi)
Suherman Slamet, Toto Subroto, Arian Sugrata

Abstract. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperbaiki proses pembelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani Olahraga dan Kesehatan (PJOK) khususnya mengembangkan berpikir kreatif melalui implementasi gaya mengajar divergent. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK), dilakukan sebanyak 2 siklus dan 4 tindakan. Tahapan penelitian meliputi: perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara, lembar penilaian, catatan lapangan dan catatan observer. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah nilai rata-rata. Rekapitulasi peningkatan hasil belajar yang dicapai atau secara keseluruhan adalah sebagai berikut; pada aspek kognitif (dalam hal ini adalah berpikir kreatif dalam memberikan respon/jawaban), nilai rata-rata pada siklus ke I adalah 78, siklus ke II adalah 82. Pada aspek psikomotor (dalam hal ini adalah gerakan bervariasi), nilai rata-rata pada siklus ke I adalah 73, siklus ke II adalah 82.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


175.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT TEACHERS PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE IN PAPUA AND WEST PAPUA PROVINCE
Jonni Siahaan

The purpose of this study was to observed the physical education and sport teachers pedagogical competence in Papua and West Papua that was clasified into descriptive quantitative. There are seven questions inside the anqet was used to observed the pedagogical competence of the teachers. Each questions consist of four options and categorial as follow; always (score 4/good), sometimes (score 3/enough), seldom (score 2/less) and never (score 1/bad)). There were forty teachers as sample and population derive from Jayapura Town, Jayapura Regent in Papua Province, and Sorong Town and Sorong Regent from West Papua Province which representative ten teachers. Data were analysed by descriptive and compare mean statistic with SPSS 16 to answered seven hypotheses and the results as follow; (1) there is significant different pedagogical competence of physical education and sport teachers between Jayapura Town and Jayapura Regent. (2) there is significant different pedagogical competence of physical education and sport teachers between Jayapura Town and Jayapura Regent Papua Province. (3) there is not significant pedagogical competence of physical education and sport teachers between Jayapura Town and Sorong Town. (4) there is not significant pedagogical competence of physical education and sport teachers between Jayapura Regent and Sorong Regent. (5) there is not significant different pedagogical competence of physical education and sport teachers between Sorong Town and Jayapura Regent. (6) there is significant different pedagogical competence of physical education and sport teachers between Sorong Town and Sorong Regent, and (7) there is significant different pedagogical competence of physical education and sport teachers between Papua and west Papua.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


176.

Divergent Implementation of Teaching Style in the context of Curriculum 2013 (Action Research in Physical education in Senior High School)
〖Suherman Slamet〗^1 〖Toto Subroto〗^2 〖Arinn Sugrata〗^3

Abstract. This research aims to improve the learning process of physical education, sport and health (PJOK) in particular to develop creative thinking through the teaching style of divergent implementations. The research method used is the class action Research (PTK), do as much 2 cycle and 4 action. Stages of research include: planning, implementation, observation and reflection. Engineering data collection done by observation, interviewing, assessment sheets, notes field and note the observer. Data analysis technique used is the average value. A recap of the improvements achieved learning or as a whole is as follows; on the cognitive aspects (in this case is the creative thinking in giving a response/answer), the average rating on a cycle to the I was 78, cycle II is 82. On aspects of psychomotor (in this case is a movement variability), the average rating on a cycle to the I was 73, cycle II is 82. The first section in your paper

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


177.

THE INFLUENCE OF OUTDOOR EDUCATION TOWARD PERSONAL & SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Dery Rimasa1 Eka Nugraha2

This research is aimed to know the effect of outdoor education activity toward personal and social responsibility as well as physical fitness. The research method used was Quasi-Experimental with Nonequivalent design (pretest and posttest) Control-Group Design. The population was all 8th grade students of SMP Psundan 2 Cimahi, the selected samples were the students of class 8C consisted of 40 students, then divided into two groups; experiment group and control group. The instrument used was Personal & Social Responsibility questionnaire and Bleep test. The result of analysis of experiment group influenced Personal & Social Responsibility as well as physical fitness. The result of analysis and calculation showed that the Personal & Social responsibility of experiment group was increased with the average of 7.25 compared to control group with the average of 2.35. The physical fitness of experiment group was increased with the average of 1.83 compared to control group with the average of 0.055. In conlusion, the outdoor education activity has increased the students’ Personal & Social responsibility as well as their physical fitness.

Topic: Sport Pedagogy [SPG]


178.

VOLLEYBALL COACHING PHYLOSOPHY PROFILE
Sujarwo (1), Nur Indah Pangastuti (2), dan Cukup Pahala Widi (3)

The purpose of this study was to determine how the profile national volleyball coach in Indonesia, as a measure of other coaches who will be a better coach. Issues to be raised in this study is the gap between the expectations of the government in this case ministry of sports where the number of trainers and training facilities is increasing or modern, but the reality on the ground that the achievement of the national volleyball frustrations. This study aims to find out what the philosophy of each national volleyball coach in Indonesia. The study design used in this study is a qualitative research, and data collection techniques using in-depth interviews, pieces of observation and documentation. Research subjects in this study is the national team coach volleyball Indonesia recorded in National Federation coach or former coach of three people and athletes and former athletes 7 people. The results of the research that the coach's philosophy volleyball coach in Indonesia is in conformity with the objectives and philosophy of the sport volleyball is the sport to improve the quality of life by way of hard training and competition passed easily then hope achieve maximum performance.

Topic: Sport Philosophy and Sport History [SPH]


179.

Sport Mental Toughness of Run Athletes in East Nusa Tenggara Province
Jusuf Blegur, Ramona M. Mae, & M. Rambu P. Wasak

This research reports on sport mental toughness of run athletes being trained in training center, Province of East Nusa Tenggara. Research approach used was descriptive quantitative approach. Respondents involved were 13 athletes (5 men and 8 women) determined by total sampling technique. The sport mental toughness of the athletes was measured by Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ) developed by Michael Sheard, Jim Golby, and Anna Van Wersch in 2009 with the 3 sub variables namely: confidence, constancy, and control. The result of the research indicated that 10 people (76.9%) responded to the questionnaire on the value range of 28.01-42.00 and 3 people (23.1%) responded to the questionnaire on the value range of 42.01-56.00. There were no respondents (0%) who responded to the questionnaire on the value range of 00.00-14.00 and 14.01-28.00. Therefore, the conclusion of this research is that rank of the sport mental toughness of the run athletes is good (76.9%). Coaches are recommended to support and increase the sport mental toughness of run athletes with various mental exercises for the maximum achievements in sports.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


180.

THE SPORT CO-CURRICULAR REALISATION PROGRAM AND ITS IMPLICATION TOWARD SOCIAL SKILL IN APPRENTICESHIP ENVIRONMENT
Narwikant Indroasyoko, Adang Suherman, Yudy Hendrayana

The life in 21st century is marked by globalize and complex social media. The social development these days is measured by human skill to access and control information through technology tools. It affects the decreasing of social interactions using physical activities. Suggestively, “whoever is able to control information and technology will be the winner and those who are not able to control them will be the loser.” However, it is only a conviction because further research towards the degradation of social interaction as well as the realization in public has never been conducted, yet, especially based on the values of physical activities through sport co-curricular activities.
This research is aimed to show the realization of social skill values that is embedded by co-curricular guide toward college students through the process of sport co-curricular activities. The data was gained by using questionnaire from 168 college students in 2nd, 4th, and 6th semester that joined sport co-curricular. The data was processed descriptively and analyzed based on reference assessment in sport co-curricular program. The result shows that the domination of social skill values resulted from sport co-curricular activities goes along the straight line with the social skill values in apprenticeship environment. The implication of this research hopefully can result achievement in technical knowledge in College with the internalization of humanity value affirmed in social skill, it has to pay attention at the realization of reference assessment of scheduled co-curricular sport.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


181.

ANALYSIS OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF CONFIDENCE ON HITTING SKILLS THROUGH MENTAL REHEARSAL IMAGERY AND GOAL SETTING IN UKM SOFTBALL UPI
Gano Sumarno, S.Si, M.Pd*

This study aims to analyze the contribution aspects of confidence athletes Softball UPI toward hitting skills through mental practice Imagery and Goal Setting. 20 members Softball Male UPI were included in this study. Tabulation of data is a variable percentage of self-confidence and hitting skills after following mental exercise Imagery and Goal Setting that have been programmed in UKM Softball UPI. Based on the results of this research, mental rehearsal Imagery and Goal Setting need to be given programmatically in order that confidence the athletes can contribute to hitting skills.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


182.

Contextual interference effects on the retention of the fundamental movement skill of jumping
J. P. G. Cheong & R. Razman

This study was designed to investigate the effects of block and random practice schedules on jumping performance. Thirty-eight undergraduate students (M age= 22.0, SD=0.96 years) were randomly assigned into block or random practice groups. All participants were required to practice five different jumping exercises, the squat, squat jump with and without arm swing, and countermovement jump with and without arm swing. Participants in the block group practiced one of the five exercises repetitively for eight trials before practicing subsequent exercises. Participants in the random group practiced all five exercises in random order. In total, participants attended two practice sessions each week for six weeks All participants were subjected to a pre and post vertical jump test using the VERTEC apparatus, with a two-way Mixed design used to analyse the data. There was a significant time effect (F=9.394, p=.004) and overall, both practice conditions led to improvements in jump height performance after six weeks of practice. There were neither significant interaction effects (p=.74) nor significant group effects (p=.42). The results suggested that the contextual interference effect was not present, and as such, both block and random practice schedules could be used effectively for learning the fundamental movement skill of jumping.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


183.

Brain Jogging Training: Improving Concentration and Skills in Tennis
Komarudin, dkk

This study aims to find out the influence of Brain Jogging training towards the improvement of concentration and learning outcomes in tennis. The method employed by the study is experimental using athletes practicing at Core Siliwangi club as its population and 15 of them as the sample. The sample itself is chosen through purposive sampling technique, in which 10 athletes with good skills are selected. Those ten athletes are then exposed to the Brain Jogging training for eight sessions once a week. In the meantime, the study administers pretest-posttest group design using t test to analyze the data. To collect the data necessary, this study uses (1) Concentration Grid test (CGT) to test the concentration, and (2) forehand test, backhand test, and service test to investigate the learning outcome or skills. The results of the study show that there is significant influence of Brain Jogging training to the improvement of the concentration and learning outcomes or skills. Finally, it is recommended that tennis coaches use Brain Jogging training so that students’ concentration and learning outcomes or skills reach out to betterment.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


184.

Social Interaction in Judo Athletes : a review of the social psychology of sport
Ira Purnamasari MN

The purpose of this research to find out quality of social interaction in Judo Athletes. Judo is sports that contact directly with the enemy or with the other human . Social interaction is directly relations between an individual with other. Judo is martial art sport who have characteristic full body combat .The research method was descriptive survey using a structured questionnairre in a way that meets their validity to determine the quality of social interaction of Judo athletes. The sample used is UKM Judo UPI .The result of this reseach showed that 26% had a good quality of social interaction and 74 % had a sufficient quality of social interaction. The implication of this reseach is Judo can make a good impact and can enhance a the quality of social interaction that important in social life.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


185.

THE CONNECTION BETWEEN GOAL SETTING AND ATHLETES’ SELF-CONFIDENCE AND MOTIVATION
Sagitarius

This research is about the connection between goal setting and athletes’ self-confidence and motivation. This research is aimed to acknowledge significant connection between goal setting and athletes’ self-confidence and motivation. To acknowledge it, this research used correlation description method with the samples of 30 athletes of PPLP West Java. And the used instruments were instruments.
Based on the data processing, the positive connection between goal setting and athletes’ self-confidence was gained with the correlation coefficient of 0.933 and the significance level of 13.71. Positive connection between goal setting and athletes’ motivation was gained with the correlation coefficient of 0.974 and the significance level of 22.73. Positive connection between self-confidence and motivation was gained with the correlation coefficient of 0.966 and the level of significance of 19.70. Based on the result, this research suggested that goal setting needs to be given to athletes because it can influence their self-confidence and motivation, so that it can affect their achievements.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


186.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUE USING YOGA EXERCISE TO REDUCE THE STRESS LEVEL OF STUDENTS
Dr. Nur Indri Rahayu, M.Ed

This research focus on the effect of stress management technique yoga to reduce students level of stressed. The method of this research is quasi experimental methods with pre test post test control group design. The partisipant of this research are UPI’s Students as many as 100 student taken by simple random sampling and diveded by 2 group, 25 student for treatment group and 25 student for control group. The instrument of this research is an adoption of stress levels questionnaire by Fahey Thomas (2008) are given in the pre-test and post-test to determine the stage of student stress, the cronbach alpha of this instrument is 0.857. Data analysis uses paired sample t test at 95% significance level (p <0.05) to test the effect of yoga exercise to reduce stress level of students. The research shows that yoga exercise significantly effective to reduce students level of stressed, the conclusion of this research is stress management technique using yoga exercise effective to reduce stress level of students.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


187.

The influence exercise of the ladder 40-yard sprints and exercise zigzag run to increased agility students on the branch of the sport of basketball
Ahmad Solihin, Ucup Yusup, Basiran, Widi Kusumah

The problems which is used to an author in this research is to search the whereabouts of significant influence of the exercises 40-yard ladder sprint and zigzag run on increased agility a basketball player in ekstrakulikuler MA I’anatut thalibin.Writer would like understand the extent of the difference influence the second exercise on increased agility and the difference.
The methods used by writer is the experimental methods, sample used is sample saturated about 20 people who is a member of ekstrakulikuler basketball MA I’anatut thalibin, sample were divided into two groups. Group a given exercise 40-yard ladder sprint while the b given exercise zigzag run. In addition, both a form of exercise the compared to see their influence on the increase in agility.Data obtained from the results of tests, that is a pre-test and tests an end by using the form of a test agility shuttle run 6x10m has the validity 0.93 and reabilitas 0.82. In analyzed data used test significant two an average of two parties.
The author concluded based on the results of analysis undertaken to that; (1) the exercise of 40-yard ladder sprint have an influence on increased agility significant bolabasket players . (2) the exercise of zigzag run have an influence on increased agility significant bolabasket players . (3) there is a difference between exercise influence 40-yard ladder sprint by the exercise zigzag run on increased agility players bolabasket .
Advice writer to colleagues trustees or exercise coach, in order to applies the methods of exercise in accordance with their condition and needs in the process of training for athletes.When using both this method above, exercise 40-yard ladder sprint more effective in increase agility.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


188.

The Influence of Intensity and Various Physical Activities to Creative Thinking and Mood
Mohammad Zaky (a*), Adang Suherman(b*), Agus Mulyana(c*)

This research aims at finding out the influence of the types of physical activities and the moderate and low intensity to creative thinking and mood. The physical activities that were given were various ones the form of serial activities and the similar one in the form of continuous skill. The result could be seen on the creative thinking ability and mood.
The research method was True Experiment with the factorial 2x2 model. The samples are junior high school (SMP) students who are not involve in sport activities at school or club. The technique of taking the sample was Random Sampling. The samples were about 80 students who were divided into four groups. They got treatments in 30 meetings within 10 weeks. The instruments in this research are the survey of Brunel Mood Scale (BRUM) and figural ability test. The research was conducted in SMP/MTs Darul Hupadz Jatinangor. The analysis was done statistically by T-Test, Anova, Manova, and PostHoc Test.
The result of this research shows that the various and similar physical activities have almost the same average score. Nevertheless, there is an interaction between the type and intensity level of physical activities to the creative thinking and mood.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


189.

The Effect of Cycling to The Working Mood
Mohammad Zaky (a*), Adang Suherman(b*), Herman Subarjah (c*), Unun Umaran(d*),

Cycling activity is considered to give positive effect to mood. However, there are still less empirical data that support the statement. Therefore, this research aims to get data and facts through the experiment of cycling activity effect to working mood. The research method is Ex-Post facto. The samples were taken from the members of Bike to work (B2W) Bandung with the range of age about 20 to above 60 years old. The instrument in this research is The Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS). The research was conducted in Taman Cikapayang Bandung.
The data analysis in this research is SPSS 22 with some tests such as: Test of Normality with Kolomogorov-Smirnov, Test of Homogeneity with Lavene Statistic, and Test of Independent Sample to observe the average score of sample group.
The result of the research shows that the cycling group has different average score of mood compare to the average score of control group. In other words, it can be concluded that cycling activity gives positive effect to the working mood.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


190.

CONTRIBUTION OF INTELLECTUAL AND EMOTIONAL QUOTIENT TOWARD SPORT ACHIEVEMENT ON ATHLETE PENCAK SILAT
Agus Rusdiana1 Mulyana2 Yati Ruhayati3 Erna Nurlatipah4

Abstract
Achievements of the athletes performance affected by various factors, namely: physical, technical, tactical, and psychological. In reality happens on the field, only the physical fitness aspects and techniques given the dominant by coach or trainer in training. In fact, the sport achievement was not only depend on the support technical skills and physical condition, but also depends on the state of psychological and mental health. One of the psychological factors that influence achievement is the level of intelligence and emotional quotients. This purpose of study was to determine the contribution of intelligence and emotional quotient with pencak silat achievements of junior level athletes. The method of this study was used descriptive quantitative with a correlation technique approach. The sample was 14 male athlete at the Center for Development and Training Students West Java Province which using the technique of total sampling. The instrument was used Intelligence quotient test, emotional quotient test and the highest sports achievement. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between intelligence quotient with sport performance achievement (r = 0.59). When emotional quotient is connected with the sport achievement show positive results and significant (r = 0.86). Furthermore, these two variables between intellectual and emotional quotient were jointly associated with sport performance achievement results show a positive correlation and significant with r = 0.78. These results indicate that the contribution of intellectual and emotional quotient of the achievements of the athletes performance was 78.6%. Conclusion of this study was recommended to trainers/ or coaches to create and provide models of practice that deals with intelligence and emotion of martial arts sports, especially Pencak Silat.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


191.

Social Interaction Behavior and Self Confidence On Gymnastic Athletes
Etor Suwandar (a) Nina Sutresna (b) Surdiniaty Ugelta (c) Lilis Komariyah (d)

Sport is not only a game or competition, but also a social phenomenon which has a wide meaning. Social interaction is the main constraint of social activity that is pictured in a relationship either between a coach and an athlete or between an athlete and another athlete. Independence is an important factor in doing either physical or non-physical activities. This research aims to discover the social interaction ability and confidence of gymnastic athletes related to their performance. The population of this research is 136 gymnastic athletes who join PON XIX Jabar 2016. The samples are 54 athletes of artistic, rhythmic, and aerobic gymnastics who follow 3 competitions (per tool).

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


192.

CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS OF THE SPORT MOTIVATION SCALE AMONG BEGINNER BADMINTON CHILD-ATHLETES: In Training context.
Yusuf Hidayat Andi Suntoda Lilis Komariyah Burhan Hambali

This study aims to determine the factorial validity and reliability of the sport motivation scale (SMS) in learning or training badminton context. The study was conducted on 278 beginner badminton child-athletes aged 10-12 (Mage =11.24 ; SDyears =2.8) in West Java. SMS developed as an adaptation and modification of the sport motivation construct of developed by Decy & Ryan (2002) consisting of external, introjucted, identified, and integral regulation-EM indicators (extrinsic motivation dimension / EM-D) and IM-to know, IM-to accomplishment, and IM-to experience stimulation indicators (intrinsic motivation dimension / IM-D). The results of the analysis of internal consistency reliability estimates obtained by SMS Cronbachs alpha coefficient index = 0.919 (48 items), EM-D = 0.880 (24 items), and IM-D = 0.777 (18 items). The results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for the factorial validity obtained 30 valid items (factor loading (FL) = 0.524 to 0.874), consists of 17 items EM-D (FL = 0.588 to 0.861) and 13 items EM-D (FL = .0524 to 0.874). In accordance with the results of the analysis, there are 30 items that build construct of SMS, and those items that valid and reliabel to measure the sport motivation of the beginner badminton child-athletes in training or learning badminton

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


193.

DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE PROCESS SKILL-BASED PHYSICS ELECTRONIC MODULE TO INCREASING THE CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY AND IMPROVE STUDENT LEARNING MOTIVATION SMA / MA CLASS X ON DYNAMICS MOTION
Fengky Adie Perdana1, Sarwanto2, Sukarmin3

Learning physics applied in SMA Warga Surakarta not lead students on skills-based learning process and tend teacher centered. This research aims to design and develop electronic modules Physics-based learning science process skills, and test the effectiveness of the module to the critical thinking skills and student motivation.
Methods used in research and development Research and Development (R & D). Model research and development using a research model 4D Thiagarajan. Physics module was developed using science process skills approach with step: observing, formulating the problem, formulating a hypothesis, identify variables, conduct experiments, analyze the data, summarize and communicate. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire, validation sheets, observation sheets and about the pretest and post test. Analysis of the results of the questionnaire, the feasibility of the module and the results were analyzed with descriptive qualitative observations based on the score criteria. Analysis of critical thinking skills are tested using SPSS with parametric test paired samples, while learning motivation were analyzed using non-parametric Mann Whitney test.
The results showed that: 1) the electronics module has been developed by integrating the science process skills for improving critical thinking skills and student motivation. 2) Electronic Module Physics-based science process skills meet the criteria very well, judging from the results of validation material, media, validation and peer education practitioners, with an average value of 3.80 is greater than the minimum eligibility 3.78. 3) the effectiveness of science process skills-based modules N-gain value obtained from a large trial in grade samples of 0.67 and 0.59 in the control group were categorized as moderate. 4) Implementation of electronic modules Physics-based science process skills is considered an effective increase students motivation. Statistical analysis showed a significance value of 0.027 is lower than the significance level α = 0.05, this means that there are significant differences between learning motivation grade sample and the control class. It concluded that students motivation to use Physics module based science process skills better than conventional learning.

Topic: Sport Psychology [SPY]


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